The author starts this article with an actual image of Jerusalem, where are very well represented the three major monotheist religions with their followers: jews, christians and muslims. One after another, the presentation of Jerusalem reveals both geographic location and historical, religious and political importance of David’s throne. This study presents a well documented history of Jerusalem temple building and temple evaluation during its important moments of existence. The author, after he gives us informations about Solomon, the temple’s builder, and about the building process, points out the meaning which the construction of the temple had as a birth certificate and recognition of jewish nation among the nations of Middle East. In the end it is underlined the importance of the temple and Jerusalem itself, and also the role which they had in Jews life as an image of God’s providence among them.