Dialog Teologic XI/21 (2008)
Omul, viața și piața. Elemente de doctrină socială a Bisericii, 250 p., 17×24, 9 RON.
Vizualizează online Dialog 21.
Pentru promovarea valorilor etice şi spirituale în activităţile economice
The Roman-Catholic Institute „Saint Joseph” of Iaşi and the Confederation Caritas Romania organized in 16 and 17 April 2008 a symposium with the theme „Humans and the market”, whose aim was to indicate the way of announcing the Gospel in the economical area from our country. In this Editorial, Wilhelm Dancă, after illustrating the context and the opportunity of this cultural event, summarizes the main ideas which were often underlined both during the conferences and in the horizon of the questions addressed by the participants. These essential ideas are: the role of the lay Christians in applying the Gospel’s principles in society, the necessity of the profound reforms in the field of the institutions and of the economical practices, the relation between ethics and economical activities. At the end of this article, Wilhelm Dancă reminds the name of the authors who contributed to this number 21 of the review Dialog Teologic, where are included other three articles about the Pope Paul VI’ legacy regarding the doctrine of the letter encyclical Humanae vitae.COMUNICĂRI Card. Raffaele Renato Martino
Compendiul de Doctrină Socială a Bisericii
In October 2004, the Pontifical Council Justitia et pax published the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church. This document sketches in an unitary framework and in a synthetically way the Social teaching of the Church which is the result of the magisterial reflection and of the permanent involvement of the Church in defending the principles of the Gospel. In this study the author exposes briefly why it was necessary this document, the questions and the challenges addressed to the theologians who wrote it, the principles which uphold the doctrine we read in it: person’s pre-eminence and dignity, the principles of common good, solidarity and subsidiarity. In the conclusion, the author expresses his conviction that the social doctrine is unbreakably united with charity which God manifested toward the people and which we imitate in the reciprocal relations. This teaching does not represent an abstraction, but a principle which tries also today to create a civilization of love.
Bartolomeo Sorge, SJ
Dimensiunea etică în economia contemporană potrivit magisteriului social
Along the centuries, mankind has passed through many crises that it has surpassed, but which have marked its identity. Today mankind is registering a period characterized by the economical, moral or axiological depression. In this article, Bartolomeo Sorge is tackling this topical theme, embracing Church’s specific method: to see – to consider – to act. In the first part of this approach, the author exposes the phenomenology of the nowadays economical slump, which has global repercussions. We are present today at a structural slump, which is different from the random one, because it changes culture, values and institutions. Quid agendum? The author proposes two solutions: the industrial units reform and the social state’s reform. Even if in the study there are marked some negative aspects, its message transmits an impulse of hope, because behind the new challenges the author infers occasions of making progress.
Mons. Ioan Robu
Salariul just şi condiţiile de unitate ale familiei în doctrina socială a Bisericii
„The just wage” has occupied very important place in the social Magisterium of the Church. The social sciences and especially the economical ones have dealt in great detail with this notion. In this article, Msgr. Ioan Robu exposes the inherent implications of the just wage’s notion as it results from the social doctrine from the encyclical letters of Popes, starting with Rerum novarum (1891) of the Pope Leo XIII. The main principles of the social doctrine concerning the just wage are: work is „personal” because it is human and useful to the human person, and remuneration received for it is the legitimate, proportional and inalienable fruit of work. In the context of nowadays lack of poise, which marks the global market, these principles of the moral social theology represent operative solutions which defend the dignity of the human person, but which can be applied in the international economy.
Omul şi economia de piaţă astăzi
There is a strong relation between the human phenomenon and the economical systems, because these systems aim, even if it’s succeeded just partly, to serve the human being and to be measured by the human dignity. Starting from this inner deficiency of every economical system, the author of this study pleads for the permanent humanization of the business activities, presenting some principles of the social doctrine of the Church with regard to the economical sphere. Also, the study underlines the complex situation of the market in Romania and it offers as solution of the clarifying the grey framework of the economy these two ways: to create the human conditions of the development in the light of the Magisterium of the Church and to follow the brilliant example of the Canadian Robert Ouimet which combines ethics and profit in developing industrial unit. Finally, the author expresses his hope in a new Christian humanism which can configure a business world founded both on development and welfare, and on solidarity, charity and culture.
Protejarea claselor defavorizate. Grija faţă de bătrâni
The respect and the care of own parents are stipulated by the Fourth Commandment of God. But this aspect belongs to the system which gave a special attention to all persons, to the system in which being old man did not represent a depreciatory connotation, but it was the expression of the distinctive venerability. About these aspects treats the author of this study, who wishes to expose which was the vision about the care of this social category in the Israelite society and which is the biblical thinking about the respect toward parents. The first part exposes the family and the political tasks of the old persons and the duties of the young people who respected their parents thanks to the respect for God. Jesus did not abolish these stipulations, but perfected them. Today, when the differences between generations seem to become a real opposition, the Holly Scriptures remind us about God’s favourite presence in parents and in the poor people.
Iosefina Cristina Loghin
Bogat în Uniunea Europeană şi sărac în România?
On the 1-st January 2007, thanks to its progress on the social and the economical sphere, Romania entered the European Union. In spite of this adhering de iure, in the concrete reality it can be noticed obvious discrepancies between the Romanian economical system and the one of the other European states. The study of Cristina Loghin aims to present the situation of poverty or wealth of some categories of age from Romania. The first analyzed category is the area of old persons who become more numerous and need special care. Then the author illustrates the situation of the employed persons and of the children who live in towns or in villages. Against the unfairness which affects these social categories, it is necessary to apply the Christian principles of justice and charity, which are useful even today in order to build a better world.
Expansiunea pieţei şi monetarizarea vieţii
In Europe and in the world market is not anymore a marginal institution, but became a central aspect of the contemporary society. The study of Msgr. Giani Manzone tries to illustrate that this development of marketing has limits. Market can bring flowering, the social and the democratic development, but can represent a danger when it consider the human history only in the angle of utility. The objective critic that the author brings to the mercantile civilization has not a polemical purpose, but aims to prepare the elaboration of a new political project in conformity with the exigencies of the human dignity.
Ursula Nothelle-Wildfeuer / Gerhard Steger
Mesajul social papal şi raportul său cu economia de piaţă de la „Rerum novarum” la „Deus caritas est”
Starting with Rerum novarum, in the papal social Magisterium we find declarations about the main pre-requisites of liberalism and of the market economy. These interventions are the expressions of its care of the people’s redemption. About these aspects speak the authors of this study, which starts by presenting the evolution of Church’s involvement in the area of the social thought through the papal letters. In these documents are concrete points of contact with the principles of market economy: private property, freedom in contracting and the fair competition. The article finishes by affirming Church’s duty of rousing the spiritual forces of justice and charity, even today, in the context of the global changes.
Lucrarea slujitoare a Bisericii. Modele şi repere ale filantropiei Bisericii Ortodoxe Române în trecut şi astăzi
Diakonia and philanthropy represent two specific features of the primary Church and of the Church during the centuries. Today, when the materialist outlook influences the people to gather more money and properties, the study of Ioan Vicovan proposes to discover the theology of the Holly Fathers of the Church. That is why in his article the author presents both their teaching concerning charity and the concrete their working which stresses their testimony: hospitality, alms, donations and the hospitals. Finally the author identifies the institution of philanthropy from the past and from the present time of the Romanian Orthodox Church, which tried and is trying to celebrate in this way the „Mass after the Mass” for the poor people.
Statul, piaţa şi al treilea sector. Perspective asupra darului şi a gratuităţii
In the market economy, founded on the principle of the maximum profit and of the direct competition it is difficult to apply the doctrine of gratuitousness, which in the economical sphere, is an unjustified loss. And yet, Antoine Sondag says that people, except the material needs, which economy can satisfy, has also relational and spiritual needs. That is why economy has to accept that it is limited. Through gifts there are created relationships and through gratuitousness can be built a society; economy can not create society but requires it. Only by extending this sector of gift and of gratuitousness, Christians can promote the equilibrium in society and in market.
Necesităţile locale şi politicile globale
A very important principle of the Church’s social doctrine is subsidiarity; this principle regulates the relation between inferior and superior, between global and local. In the context of globalization respecting this principle is an acute necessity. About this reality speaks Egidiu Condac in his article, which starts by presenting the old anticipations of globalization in Church’s feature of universality. In parallel of this „confessional” globalization, the contemporary society promotes an economical one, which influences people, families and culture. This process often ignores the local needs of states, causing the appearance of an opposition between globalization and localism. In order to surpass this detrimental situation, at the end of this article the author proposes some solutions: the strategies which defend the common good, the knowledge of the local necessities, the communications between global and local.
Ar fi posibilă o economie cu „faţă umană” în era globalizării?
At the beginning, globalization was an economical process, but gradually it has influenced society and culture. This process develops an impersonal way and causes the crushing of communities’ identity. That is why it appeared the question if globalization can present „a human face”. The article of Anton Carpinschi starts by illustrating the conditions which accomplish this desideratum: the equal repartition of benefits, the non-monopolization of market. Understanding these principles requires the reference to transcendence, to an absolute reference system. But in order to obtain this ontological-theological reference for an economy with „a human face” it is necessary a politics with „a human face”, which promotes a theocentric humanism.
Provocările etice ale globalizării
Globalization has caused the intensification of goods and services exchange, the frequent emigrations and the appearance of the global mobile cash. These great changes bring both hopes and fears because this process seems to be a colossus which can not be stopped. The article of Joachim Wiemeyer comes up against these fears and exposes the dimensions of the social justice which can model globalisation: participation, performance, chances equality, finances, justice in the relations between different generations and the justice of the necessities. Moreover, Joachim Wiemeyer says that globalisation presents potential advantages which can be made topical by establishing a global system of governance which is able to apply the implications of subsidiarity.
Educaţia socială şi formarea integrală a creştinului
In the second part of the 20th century, when Europe and the whole world tried to heal their wounds of the Second World War, the Catholic Church reaffirmed the importance of the social conscience education and of the integral formation. Lucian Farcaş, in his article, presents and analyses the magisterial teaching from the post-war period, when Church underlined the necessity of knowing, assimilating and applying the social doctrine of the Church, because this teaching could offer true solutions to people’s problems. These stipulations are present today in the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church which specifies the framework of the formation of the lay persons, of candidates to priesthood and of the priests. These imperatives have to be considered within the pedagogic itineraries that can apply the Christian faith in temporary realities.
Mons. Aurel Percă
Actualitatea enciclicei „Humanae vitae”
40 years ago the pope Paul VI promulgated the encyclical letter Humanae vitae. This document, which aroused contemptuous reactions, is valid also today thanks its profound rational and human root. Msgr. Aurel Percă, in this study, illustrates the topical interests of the problems presented in Humanae vitae. After presenting the genesis and the complete doctrine of the encyclical letter, the author brings into bold relief the prophetical service of this document which becomes obvious in affirming the moral principles even if it arouses open resistance. This magisterial intervention is not singular, but represents the expression of the care and of attention of the Church of defending human dignity and rights.
„Humanae vitae” şi criza vieţii morale în epoca modernă
On the 25th July 1968 the pope Paul VI published Humanae vitae which caused explosive reaction both outside and inside the Church. Robert Lazu makes a survey of the acceptance and of the resistance aroused by this document, indicating the main moral principles we found in it and the social-cultural context which required such a document. In a personal manner, the author illustrates the great challenge of the matrimonial life proposed by Humanae vitae and the necessity of catechizations, whose propose is to transmit to the Christians these important data about the sexual life in family.
Familia în slujirea vieţii. Paternitate responsabilă în „Humanae vitae”
At the beginning of 1960s in Europe unleashed the sexual revolution, whose ideology reduced family to a human association with immanent purpose. The article of Isidor Chinez presents the dangers that attacked family’s integrity and the morality of the relations between spouses. Humanae vitae, in continuity with the Second Council of Vatican, proposes an integral vision of the human beings, marking the double value of the married relation, the responsible paternity, and the necessity of self controlling and the importance of respecting the moral laws. These norms receive their true sense when we consider its from the point of view of the married love which turns the spouses into God’s co-worker.