Dialog Teologic XVIII/35 (2015)

Dialog teologic XVIII/35 (2015),
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican: „semn al timpului” pentru Biserică şi pentru lume (II), 140 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpară online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 35.

 

Petru Gherghel
Christus Dominus Decree Concerning the Pastoral Office of Bishops in the Church
I am pleased to participate, although not in person, in this academic meeting organized by the Roman-Catholic Theological Institute of Iasi and the Faculty of Roman-Catholic Theology within the Al. I. Cuza University, and I take this opportunity to express to the rector Fr. Benone Lucaci, PhD, organizer of this symposium, to Fr. Stefan Lupu, PhD, to the fathers associate professors, seminarians, guests and to all participants, a warm welcome accompanied by a wish for heavenly blessing and for distinguished achievements in the mission to continue the analysis of the great Second Vatican Council and to share to all believers, but not only, the richness of the holy teachings developed with a true spirit of faith by the Council Fathers under the coordination of the Holy Father, Saint John XXIII and Blessed Paul VI.

Daniel Iacobuţ
The principle of active participation in Sacrosanctum Concilium
L’articolo si propone di approfondire i fondamenti teologici del principio della partecipazione liturgica nel documento conciliare Sacrosanctum Concilium e di mostrare la sua attualità a 50 anni dall’evento conciliare. La partecipazione attiva alla liturgia è richiesta dalla stessa natura della liturgia, in quanto ogni celebrazione liturgica è azione sacra per eccellenza compiuta da Cristo in unione con il suo corpo mistico, la Chiesa. Siccome la Chiesa è “stirpe eletta, sacerdozio regale, nazione santa, popolo acquistato” (1 Pt 2,9; cfr 2,4-5), tutto il popolo cristiano ha, in forza del battesimo, il diritto e il dovere di partecipare attivamente alla liturgia. Tale partecipazione nu riguarda quindi solo i ministri dell’altare ma l’intera assemblea liturgica, con tutti i suoi membri battezzati. L’oggetto ultimo della partecipazione liturgica è il mistero della fede, al quale si arriva attraverso i riti e le preghiere delle azioni liturgiche. La partecipazione al mistero della fede attraverso i riti e le preghiere deve essere attiva, consapevole, interiore ed esteriore, piena e fruttuosa. Il suo frutto più rilevante è l’accoglienza della salvezza nell’esistenza attraverso una vita di comunione con Dio e i fratelli. Per questo rappresenta ancora a 50 anni dal Concilio lo scopo principale della pastorale liturgica di ogni Chiesa locale.

Cornel Berea
Nostra Aetate. Alla ricerca dei fratelli
L’articolo intende presentare la dichiarazione Nostra Aetate e la sua attualità per la Chiesa di oggi. Partendo dal modo in cui furono percepite, durante il Concilio Vaticano II, le relazioni tra la Chiesa e le religioni non cristiane, l’Autore analizza il contenuto della Dichiarazione, mettendo in evidenza soprattutto la dottrina conciliare sul nostro rapporto con l’ebraismo. Un’attenzione speciale è concessa anche allo sviluppo dottrinale post-conciliare in merito a tale rapporto. L’articolo analizza brevemente sia i documenti importanti del magistero, sia l’atteggiamento da parte ebraica verso i cristiani. L’urgenza di ritrovare nell’ebraismo quelle radici che molte volte abbiamo perso durante la storia fa apprezzare particolarmente gli attuali gesti profetici di Papa Francesco. La ricerca dei fratelli maggiori passa attraverso un’attenzione rinnovata al vocabolario che usiamo, come anche agli errori da evitare nel futuro.

Maximilian Pal
Orientalium Ecclesiarum. Alcuni principi giuridici sulle Chiese orientali cattoliche
Orientalium Ecclesiarum is noteworthy primarily for its exaltation of the equal dignity and relative autonomy of the Eastern patriarchates and its specific prescriptions for increased communion with the separated Orthodox. While this brief document lacks the extensive ecclesiological discussion of Lumen Gentium and Unitatis Redintegratio, its treatment of these two matters gives insight into how the Council interpreted and applied its ecclesiology. The decree’s treatment of the patriarchates makes clear that the particular Churches are essential to the Church’s constitution. They exist by right, not by concession, and on equal terms as regards dignity and jurisdiction, being answerable to none but the supreme authority in the Church. The Pope is considered only in his role as Supreme Pontiff, not as Latin patriarch, to avoid giving any impression that the Latin Church enjoys any jurisdictional superiority over the Eastern Churches. The relative autonomy of the Eastern Churches would be matched by that of future patriarchates, as envisioned by the Council. Thus the Church might adapt to the diversity of the world’s cultures by organizing herself in the ancient system of patriarchates and autonomous eparchies.
In the post-Conciliar period, only the second aim of Orientalium Ecclesiarum was effectively implemented. There is increased communion in sacramental and extra-sacramental practices between Eastern Catholics and Orthodox, mainly to meet the pastoral needs occasioned by geographic dispersion. Yet the expected restoration of patriarchal status never really occurred, as the Eastern patriarchates tend to be governed under a common rule imposed by the supreme authority through the Congregation for the Oriental Churches, which imposes even the norms of ecumenism and other reforms.

Iulian Faraoanu
Gioia per la salvezza di Dio in Sof 3,14-17
The Book of Zephaniah has a multitude references to the Lord’s Day and to the salvation associated to this event. The text of Zeph 3:14-17 offers an example of the right attitude of the people to the salvation of YHWH in that coming day. The prophet often invites the people to the joy and offers motivations for this kind of attitude. This paper intends to present a linguistic, literary and semantic analysis of the most important words used by the author to express his message in Zeph 3:14-17. The analysis is folowed by some theological ideas keeping in mind the hystorical situation of the prophetical oracles. All this confirms the main theme of Zephaniah’s text: the joy for God’s salvation.

Damian Patraşcu
Decreto per il rinnovamento della vita religiosa Perfectae Caritatis
Il presente studio tratta della storia, contenuti e applicazione del decreto conciliare Perfectae caritatis. Come si può ben osservare, anche la storia di questo documento è passato attraverso tante controversie e difficoltà di varie genere prima di arrivare alla sua redazione finale. Nonnostante la chiarezza nella presentazione del rinnovamento alla quale è chiamata la vita consacrata, la sua applicazione non è stata liscia, avendo bisogno di ulteriori pareri da parte dei Romani Pontefici e delle diverse Congregazioni della Curia Romana.

Iosif Enăşoae
La nature humaine degrade, la principale cause de la crise de la famille et de la société
Le mot crise semble être le plus fréquent sur les lèvres des hommes de notre temps. De part le monde entier, on parle beaucoup des crises économique, sociale, familiale et celle des valeurs. Beaucoup veulent découvrir les causes de ces crises perpétuelles afin de proposer des solutions pour y remédier. Une simple étude des causes ne suffit pas pour les identifier. Une recherche plus approfondie est nécessaire, celle de la foi humaine et chrétienne qui dépasse les limites de la raison humaine et qui regarde les réalités de l’existence dans une autre perspective. A travers la puissance de la foi on peut arriver à la découverte de la véritable cause qui a généré la crise actuelle de notre société. La foi, fondée sur la Révélation biblique, nous montre que la véritable cause de la crise de la société humaine est la rébellion des premiers gens contre Dieu, à savoir le péché originel. Il a produit la plus grande catastrophe de la nature humaine, en la blessant grièvement et en la faisant esclave de sa propre impuissance et du Diable. La vraie cause de tous les maux sociaux est le péché originel qui a gravement blessé la nature humaine. 

Dialog Teologic XVII/34 (2014)

Dialog Teologic XVII/34 (2014),
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican: „semn al timpului” pentru Biserică şi pentru lume (I), 122 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpara online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizeaza online Dialog 34.

Cristinel Fodor
Presbyterorum ordinis: utopia or call to holiness?
Il Concilio Vaticano II ha avuto a cuore tutti i problemi della Chiesa. Una particolare attenzione doveva essere accordata alla formazione dei sacerdoti, coloro che devono continuare l’annuncio del Vangelo fini alla fine dei tempi. Il documento Persbyterorum Ordinis traccia le linee fondamentali di una formazione integrale e attuale dei preti. Le pagini seguenti, partendo dalla situazione odierna, a cinquanta anni dal Concilio, vogliono dare una risposta alla domanda se il documento sulla formazione dei sacerdoti è una utopia o una chiamata alla santità.

Ştefan Lupu
The dogmatic constitution on the church Lumen Gentium after 50 years
Beginning with a big picture of the Council, the intended study presents the Dogmatic Constitution on the Church Lumen Gentium. Pointing at the beginning to the genesis of the document, the author describes the content of each chapter, the internal dynamic and the major accents of the Dogmatic Constitution. The important aspects of the Constitution Lumen Gentium, which have had an impact on the life of the Church during the 50 years after the Second Vatican Council, are presented in conclusion.

Cornel Berea
Ad Gentes: storia di un decreto
Questo articolo propone di presentare brevemente il cammino di redazione del decreto conciliare sulle missioni Ad Gentes. Verrà presentata anche la parte dottrinale del decreto, che collega la missione all’invio delle persone Trinitarie con l’invio della Chiesa stessa. La missione è un dovere che fa parte intrinseca della natura della Chiesa.

Fabian Doboş
Unitatis redintegratio decree on ecumenism – the cornerstone of contemporary ecumenism
Lo studio è strutturato in due parti: la prima, basata sul testo del decreto Unitatis redintegratio, e la seconda, che tratta di alcuni personaggi ecumenici che hanno lasciato la loro impronta sulla storia religiosa della Romania. Nella prima parte sono presentate le cause della separazione tra la Chiesa di Occidente e quella di Oriente, ma anche le proposte fatte dal suddetto decreto in vista di un ecumenismo efficace. Poi sono presi in considerazione gli importanti gesti ecumenici fatti da tre papi: Paolo VI, Giovanni Paolo II e Francesco.
La seconda parte tratta di tre persone che, mediante il loro lavoro ecumenico, hanno aiutato moltissimo al progresso ecumenico in Romania. Prima di tutto viene ricordato il vescovo di Jassy, Mons. Domenico Jaquet (1895-1903), il quale, essendo svizzero, aveva un’orizzonte largo dell’ecumenismo. Un secondo personaggio è il Beato Vladimiro Ghika (1973-1954), il quale ha lavorato per tutta la vita per l’unione delle due Chiese separate nel 1054. L’ultimo momento della seconda parte tratta della visita che il Papa Giovanni Paolo II ha fatto in Romania nel periodo 7-9 maggio 1999.

Cornel Cadar
Inter mirifica: The Church and the mass-media – fifty years together
Tra i documenti emanati dal Concilio Vaticano II, si può identificare anche uno che tratta dell’importanza dei mezzi di comnicazione. Il documento Inter Mirifica vuole partire dalla Parola di Dio (cf. Mc 16,15) e costituirsi uno strumento a favore dell’evangelizzazione. Il presente lavoro presenta il contenuto del documento conciliare, la storia della sua formazione e gli spunti che offre per la pratica pastorale della Chiesa.

Iulian Faraoanu
Ap 21,12-14 nel contesto letterario dell’Apocalisse
The aim of this paper is to present the relationship of the text Rev 21:12-14 with the context of the Revelation. With respect to the theme, the first step is the delimitation trough a literary analysis. The present purpose is to demonstrate the unity of the biblical fragment. The second step will be the study of the relationships of our text with the context, specially the close context Rev 17-22. All the reflections keep in mind the general structure of the book. In the end it will be a short conclusion on the importance of the text related with John’s intentions.

Ştefan Grosu
About the Missionary Activity of Pope Francis
The paper proposes to show how Pope Francis presents the missionary activity of the Christian Church in Evangelii Gaudium Apostolic Exhortation and Lumen Fidei encyclical using the narrative method of studying. It is specified that this two pontifical papers have the Gaudim et Spes pontifical document as their reference point. Also, Pope Francis did not forget to mention that the red line of messianism crossed the entire Bible. The framework of study is marked by the consumer society, which although brought prosperity, induces a state of selfishness throughout the world.

Iulian Ianus
Il problema del lavoro nell’enciclica Laborem Exercens
Il problema del lavoro, nella sua continua attualità, è stato annalizzato dalla dottrina sociale della Chiesa all’interno della “questione sociale”. Cominciando dalla prima enciclica sociale di Leone XIII (Rerum Novarum, 1891) e continuando con tutte le altre encicliche sociali, il Magistero della Chiesa ha approffondito il discorso sul lavoro umano visto in tutta la sua complessità. Sopprattutto nella Laborem Exercens (Giovanni Paolo II, 1981) l’attenzione si dirigge verso gli aspetti fondamentali del tema. Si sottolinea l’importanza e la centralità della persona umana, vista come soggetto del lavoro; l’uomo ha la vocazione e l’obbligo di lavorare e sottoporre la terra. Il lavoro, con le sue dimensioni personal-esistenziale, sociali e teologiche, è uno strumento di piena realizzazione della persona umana. Il senso oggettivo del lavoro, cioé la tecnica, è un vero aiuto per l’uomo; la responsabilità della persona è quella di utilizzare la tecnica in modo da non transformarla da alleata in avversaria. Al di là dell’obbligo di lavorare, l’uomo ha anche il diritto al lavoro: in questo senso, i fattori decisionali devono garantire alla persona umana la possibilità di realizzarsi anche tramite questa via del lavoro.

Dialog Teologic IX/17 (2006)

Dialog Teologic IX/17 (2006)
Moștenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican. II. Cuvântul și lumea, 292 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 17.

Alois BULAI
Constituţia dogmatică despre Revelaţia divină Dei Verbum
The raised problems by the Holy Bible’s study and the evolution of the exegesis during the period between the Tridentin Council and the second half of the 20th century stand at the based of the Dogmatic Constitution Dei Verbum, which is one of the most important documents of the Second Vatican Council. This document offered new perspectives in which the understanding of the Biblical text concerns and reinitiated the Catholic exegesis. This article offers an objective evaluation and a criticism of the actual situation about the lecture and the interpretation of the problems and of the major challenges to which the biblical formation has to respond.

Dei Verbum, în dialog cu pr. Ignace DE LA POTTERIE
The present dialogue underlines the importance of God’s Word in the Church’s life. The liturgical life, the theological declamation, the faith and the charity deeds base on it. For the Christian tradition, the Holy Bible contents the truth which God wanted to communicate, the truth for our salvation. Father Ignace shows that in the entirely of the Second Vatican Council documents this Constitution has a special place. It is the synthesis of the discussions about Revelation, about Tradition and about the Holy Bible and it answers to the natural questions regarding the God’s Word, the relation between Tradition and Holy Bible and the notion of inspiration. The interview concentrates on the major problems debated in this dogmatic Constitution and impels to a more profound acceptance of the horizons that it reveals.

Ştefan LUPU
Decretul despre apostolatul laicilor Apostolicam
Until the Second Vatican Council the lay Christian people had a rather passive role in the Church. The Council Fathers underlined the richness of the values that are to be found in the conscience of the lay Christian people, also the help that they can offer to the Church especially in the education, charity and missionary domain, a help that is irreplaceable. The Council proposed it self to make the lay Christian people aware about the fact that day are living limbs of the mystical body and that they must contribute lively to the Church’s life. This article presents the Decree about the lay people apostolate from the point of view of its implications in the structures of the other Council documents regarding the Church’s members.

Apostolicam actuositatem, în dialog cu d-l Guzmán CARRIQUIRY
Decretul Apostolicam actuositatem răspunde la o necesitate esenţială în Biserică, şi anume aceea de a preciza rolul şi locul pe care laicii îl ocupă în Biserică. Ei nu sunt nişte elemente statistice, lipsite de personalitate, ci sunt membre vii ale trupului mistic al lui Cristos care este Biserica. Printr-o colaborare activă şi constantă cu ierarhia şi clerul, ei pot să realizeze opere frumoase de apostolat. Interviul scoate în evidenţă acest deziderat al decretului şi oferă o interpretare obiectivă a realităţii concrete în care trăiesc creştinii laici şi în care pot să răspândească evanghelia, mai ales, prin exemplul personal.

Ştefan LUPU
Declaraţia privind libertatea religioasă Dignitatis humanae
Until the Second Vatican Council the lay Christian people had a rather passive role in the Church. The Council Fathers underlined the richness of the values that are to be found in the conscience of the lay Christian people, also the help that they can offer to the Church especially in the education, charity and missionary domain, a help that is irreplaceable. The Council proposed it self to make the lay Christian people aware about the fact that day are living limbs of the mystical body and that they must contribute lively to the Church’s life. This article presents the Decree about the lay people apostolate from the point of view of its implications in the structures of the other Council documents regarding the Church’s members.

Dignitatis humanae, în dialog cu P.S. Clemente RIVA
One of the fundamental aspects for mankind is the religious experience. The religious dimension is not something added to the man but it is an inherent gift. This is why it must never be constrained by the social-cultural factors. The dialogue shows that the Council Fathers, being aware of the religious freedom’s defection problems, voted the Declaration about religious freedom Dignitatis humanae, which is a major contribution to a greater cohabitation of men, not only as a response to the signs of our time, but also as an explaining of the Evangels principles. The Declaration Dignitatis humanae responds to the contemporary challenges: religious freedom, tolerance, the Church-State report, practical atheism, Evangels and the modern man.

Ştefan LUPU
Decretul privind activitatea misionară a Bisericii Ad gentes
The missionary activity has been a base characteristic of the Church and has remained the main way to spread the Evangels. The Decree about the Church’s missionary activity Ad Gentes has opened a new road for the missionary reflection and activity, been the fruit of many discussions and writings. This article presents the structure of the document and its insertion in the Church’s life.

Ad gentes, în dialog cu pr. Jesus LOPEZ GAY
Even from the time of foundation the Church has been sent by Christ to proclaim to the World the Gospel. Being aware of this mission of the Church and of the new problems with which the missionaries confronted, the participants to the Council have elaborated the Decree about the Church’s missionary activity Ad Gentes. This dialogue presents the steps in elaborating this document, the content and its structure, but also the novelty that this decree brings into the mission domain. The missionary dimension of Church, considered as an essential component of the Church, is now explained in the light of the Trinity relation.

Lucian FARCAŞ
Constituţia pastorală privind Biserica în lumea contemporană Gaudium et spes
One of the main goals of the Second Vatican Council was to show who is the Church and what is the message it wants to deliver to the today’s humanity. The crisis of the contemporary values, the technological and informational explosion, the changing of the moral values system have been some aspects that the Council Fathers had in mind when they elaborated the pastoral Constitution Gaudium et spes. The elaboration of this essential document has been followed by many criticisms regarding especially by the means of the dialogue with the world and by the Church’s receiving from the society’s behalf. This article develops a three-way presentation: the process of making the Constitution, the analysis of the document and of the echoes it generated and the new interpretations regarding the changing of some social and moral values.

Gaudium et spes, în dialog cu Mons. Lorenzo CHIARINELLI
Gaudium et spes has been a much waited document that generated some fierce controversy. For the elaboration of this document a group of Council Fathers, that rehashed the famous 13th Scheme, have worked intensively. Among these ones has been the Archbishop of Krakow, Karol Woityla. This interview presents the Council’s intention regarding this document, also how the document’s elaboration process took place and how can it be read today taking into account the signs of the present time, after 40 years from its promulgation.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Decretul privind mijloacele de comunicare socială Inter mirifica
The communication is a specific activity of man and it is indispensable to the civilized structures. To communicate means to inform, to spread an informative content that contributes to the development of the other. The Church realized the power of mass-media, the services that these ones can bring for the Evangels spreading. The Second Vatican Council promulgated the Decree Inter mirifica through which points out the live nature of Church’s reality and the necessity to communicate it to the public opinion. The present article analyzes the historical context in which the document was published, its long term applicability and the enormous possibilities that the correct utilization of the mass-media offers.

Inter mirifica, în dialog cu pr. Mariano FAZIO
The Church has been always preoccupied by the communicative phenomenon. The changes made by the mass-media in the 20th century have determined the Council Fathers to elaborate the Decree about the mass-media Inter mirifica. In this interview there are underlined the problems that lead to the elaboration of this document, the way in which it is structured in the new concept of the Church regarding the mass-media. The technological development that took place in the social communication area is considered by the Church as a manifestation of the man’s participation to the creative power of God. The importance of this document is demonstrated by the way in which it was applied by Pope Paul the VI and by its successor Pope John Paul the II.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Decretul privind reînnoirea vieţii călugăreşti Perfectae caritatis
The history of the Church has known a special spiritual flowering after the apparition of the consecrated life institutes. These ones have their own charisma and contribute to the spread of the Gospel by living the evangelic precepts in the world. The Council Fathers wanted to renew the monastic life in the spirit of closer listening towards the whispers of the Holy Ghost and towards the nowadays requirements of the society. This article points out the pastoral character and the fundamental norms of the consecrated life renewal.

Perfectae caritatis, în dialog cu pr. Arnaldo PIGNA
The interview treats about the necessity of the spiritual life renewal and about the tentative made by the Church in the favor of this renewal. Pigna underlines the fact that the Church has responded to the problems of man of every century. Through the Perfectae caritatis Decree the Church calls out to a spiritual renewal both the clergy and the believers regarding a unity and harmony based on charity. The Council offers precise indications to be putted into action: the fight against formality, the follow of Christ, the return to Gospel. After the Council, the popes along with the bishops have re-attested this necessity, advising to a life style based on charity activity.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Declaraţia privind educaţia religioasă Gravissimum educationis
During its existence the Church took the initiative of numerous charity, cultural and civilization works that contributed to the human kind progress. In this way she fulfilled the mission of spiritual Mother of humanity. The declaration Gravissimum educationis sets the basis of real new and opened attitude of the Church in front of the education problems in the modern world. This attitude and also the consequences that evolved from this analysis make the object the present article.

Gravissimum educationis, în dialog cu P.S. José SARAIVA MARTINS
Catholic education has known an impressive development along the history. It has always been in the focus of the Church, mainly during the Second Vatican Council when it was discussed the necessity of reforming the spirit of education departing from the Gospel based Tradition. The interview points out these discussions and shows primarily the communitarian concept of the educational process in which the teacher-student empathy is essential for the formation both of the one that is educated and of the one that is educating.

Ariel Álvares VALDÉS
De ce evanghelistul Ioan nu descrie exorcismele lui Isus?
The author of this article shows that exorcisms have always been shrouded in mystery, in which fantasy and curiosity have led to all sorts of fictions, mostly far away from the truth. But exorcisms are not parades, shows or sensations. They are a reality that must lead us to reflection to an objective regard about the forces of Evil. The synoptic Evangels presents six cases of exorcises but the Gospel of saint John keeps absolute quiet. John did not wish to make public the exorcisms of Jesus because these ones made him a lot of trouble. Jesus was seen mostly as healer, as a magician because during his time many Jews were practicing Egyptian magical exorcising rituals. In the end the article underlines the facts that saint John didn’t want to present exorcisms of Jesus in the Evangels he wrote, because he didn’t want Jesus to appear as magician but as a teacher and redeemer of the world.

Vittorio POSSENTI
Fondamenti religiosi e laici della democrazia
Analyzing the phenomenon of democracy, Vittorio Possenti exposes the religious and laical fundaments of democracy. A true democracy that wishes to open the borders of a civilized world must maintain the feeling of affiliation to the humanity. The author thinks that democracy must stay away from the temptation of fundamentalism, that must promote the person and not the forms of selfishness. The democracy needs religion if it wants an undiluted man (one can not deny to a man the religious dimension). The rights of man should be the main program of a democracy. The author underlines some of the democracy principles: treating the person as a purpose and not as a mean (the man is in the world but it not belongs to the world), forming a nation in which there are to be respected both natural low and positive low, responsible freedom, an ethics that encourages the common good, the participation to the public life. The article pleads for an equilibrated democracy that has in its center the person.

Nils GYONS
Misiunea în America Latină
South America is one of the poorest continents on the globe. Having a population of 500 million inhabitants this area confronts with severe social problems such as drugs dealing, dictators, civil wars, guerilla fights, nutrition diseases, etc. In this article it is showed, that in spite of some contradictory aspects, the Catholic Church is very well represented because most of the population is Catholic. The reality of the South America is very tough but the Church has in this area a very efficacious missionary activity and the calls to the apostolate life are numerous. This continent that is very much alive and diversified in its mentality, culture or adaptation to the requirements of the contemporary life represents an interest and hope ambit for the Church.

Alois BIŞOC
Misiunea Bisericii în lumea contemporană
The Church is a complex reality that always tried to come in the reception of society’s needs. Living in a new era of human history the Church cannot remain disinterested in front of the impulses that receive from the society. Without disowning its identity and Tradition, it proposed to the world, through the works of the Second Vatican Council a new image of the homo Ecclesiae. The article points out the problems of the nowadays world and the actual relation between it and the Church, both during the Council but also in the period after.

Mario GIRARDI
„L’amore carattere proprio del cristiano”: le origini della spiritualità identitaria di s. Basilio
Monastic fraternities appeared as a consequence of the fact of being aware of the fundamental role that the Gospel must play in the life of every Christian. The author of this article shows that love must be the characteristics of truly Christian life, and among those that understood this there are two initiators of community life: saint Basil the Great and saint Benedict of whose rules represented a richness for the spiritual life of Church. The present article underlines that love is the peculiar characteristic of Christians and that saint Basil the Great fundaments this teaching on the Holy Bible, especially on the writings of the apostle Paul.

 

Dialog Teologic VIII/16 (2005)

Dialog Teologic VIII/16 (2005),
Moștenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican. I. Liturgia și Biserica, 250 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 16.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Moştenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
This and the following number of the review Theological Dialogue are dedicated exclusively to the 40 years anniversary of the conclusion of the 2nd Council of Vatican (11 October-8 December 1965). At this occasion Msgr. Petru Gherghel, bishop of Iaşi, Msgr. Aurel Percă, auxiliary bishop of Iaşi, the professors of the Theological Institute of Iaşi organized a series of conferences, attended by all the priests who work in the Iaşi Diocese. The conferences took place in November 2005. The conferences are accompanied by some interviews of different personalities of Rome, which underline the content and subsequent development of the Magisterial and the manner how were intercepted the documents. The editorial presents historically and critically the „Council” notion, explains the general methodology of the conferences and offers some keys to interpret the reform (aggiornamento), which was desired by the 2nd Council of Vatican.

Tommaso STENICO
Il Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano II (11 ottobre 1962 – 8 dicembre 1965)
Unique and original event in the Church History, the 2nd Council of Vatican gave birth to a new stage in the Church life. The new Whitsuntide (this is the name given by the Pope John the XXIIIth) started the renewal and the reform in the Church offering to the Church a new image. The 16 documents of the Council (4 constitutions, 9 decrees and 3 declarations) became conspicuous by the practical indications that they content. Through this article, the author presents the principal events during the Council and the way of applying the Council’s indications.

Claudiu DUMEA
Constituţia despre liturgie Sacrosanctum Concilium
The first fruit of the Council was the Constitution about Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, voted at 9 December 1963. This document was received with enthusiasm by the counciliar Fathers and was the result of series of long and contradictory discussions. It was the theological basis for the liturgical reform, reform which reaches its perfection by the promulgation of the Roman Missal, after the Council, in 1969. The article presents historically and structurally the text of this document, which is very important in the Church life.

Sacrosanctum Concilium, în dialog cu pr. Anscar J. CHUPUNGCO, o.s.b
The first discussed and sanctioned by the 2nd Council of Vatican document was the Constitution about Sacra Liturgia or Sacrosanctum Concilium. Following the promulgation of this constitution there were registered various reactions. The counciliar reform in some people aroused sentiments of gratitude or an exaggerated euphoria, in the others, unable to distinguish between the counciliar principles and their concretization, gave birth to a deep deception. However, a lot of local Churches rejoiced thanks to the fruits of the reform. Using the people’s language, the splendour of the rites, the active interest and involving the lays are gifts of the Council which are gladdening for us, today, and which interpellate every person, clergyman or lay.

P.S. Petru Gherghel
Decretul privind misiunea pastorală a episcopilor în Biserică Christus Dominus
The image of the bishop, like the legitimate successor of the apostles and the shepherd of the Christ’s herd, was the center of the discussions of the 2nd Council of Vatican. These discussions materialized at 28 October 1965 when the counciliar Fathers voted the text of the decree about the pastoral mission of the bishop Christus Dominus. The article presents the premises that led to the elaboration of this document and offers a practical view about it.

Cristus Dominus, în dialog cu P.S. Jorge M. MEJIA
The decree Christus Dominus forms a decisive stage in establishing the bishops’ mission, in outlining the true identity of the dioceses and of their shepherds. On the one hand it is presented the way that the bishop have to respect in practicing their service, and on the other hand it is expressed a clear legislative will, without omitting the indication of the way that has to be observed in revising the Code. This article underlines the double size, involved by the relationship between the bishop and the Church: with the universal Church and with the local Church that he leads. In this world, dominated by secularization, the bishop has to remain the principle of unity, who announce with authority God’s word, who celebrate the sacraments, assisted by the Holy Spirit. The decree, which has theological-pastoral content, wants to make aware the bishops about their mission and the dioceses about the dignity they are called to reach: to be part in the Church of the Christ.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Decretul privind formarea preoţească Optatam totius
Starting with the Council of Trent (1545-1563), the Church showed a great attention to the formation of the future priests. During the years, the popes gave a lot of indications to improve the modalities of formation, conforming to the pastoral milieu and the social conditions of the candidates. In 1965, at 28 October, the counciliar Fathers voted the decree Optatam totius. This document continues harmoniously the traditional principles of the seminarian formation, through the natural opening toward the legitimate exigency of this new time. In this article is presented the content of this decree which renovated the life in the seminaries and all the formation’s areas.

Optatam totius, în dialog cu P.S. José SARAIVA MARTINS
The decree Optatam totius occupies a special place between the documents of the 2nd Council of Vatican. This document, whose purpose is the priestly formation’s renovation conforming to the renovated image of the priest, is very close to Presbyterorum Ordinis, Lumen Gentium and to other documents, which discuss about the human, intellectual and pastoral formation of the future priests. The apostolic exhortation Pastores dabo vobis constitutes a survey of the fruits of Optatam totius and the reassertation of the programme which was suggested by the Council concerning the priestly formation.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Decretul privind slujirea şi viaţa preoţească Presbyterorum ordinis
One of the most important documents of the 2nd Council of Vatican was the decree about the priestly ministry and life Presbyterorum ordinis, promulgated at 7 December 1965. This text is the result of four schemes and even from the beginning shows the christological structure of the priestly figure. The priest is sent to the people of his time to speak about the Christ, co-operating with the bishop of the diocese; the aim of his life is to extol the Father in the Christ. The document insists on the importance that has to have the sacraments in the priestly life; without the sacraments his mission is bankrupt and harms to the Mystical Body. This article develops, in three parts, the radiography of the „counciliar” priest, and the author tries to show the applicability of the document in the daily priestly life.

Presbyterorum ordinis, în dialog cu Eminenţa Sa, Cardinalul Dario CASTRILLON HOYOS
Desired by the 2nd Vatican Council, the renewal work in the Church is in a peculiar way the outcome of priests’ efforts. This is why the Synod Fathers have considered that is more convenient to treat about the priesthood in a separate document. After presenting the nature of priesthood, the decree speaks about the priest’s role in the Church, about the priest’s ministry and about the life of priests. This dialogue wishes to offer a general view upon the Presbyterorum ordinis decree and the way in which the document must be read and interpreted.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Episcopul – păstor al Bisericii locale şi păstrător al credinţei universale: tradiţie şi reînnoire a unei carisme fundamentale
In this article it is built a portrait of the attributions that a bishop has in the virtue of his ministry as shepherd of Christ’s flock. The bishop receives the sacrament of Priesthood in its plenitude and that is why he is called to exercise his ministry mission with a greater abnegation. The bishop has to be for his diocese a centre of communion, a criterion for brotherhood: the image of Jesus the Good Shepherd must be reflected in him. This is why, along with the people entrusted to him, he must continue the calling of Christ to be the salt of the land and the light of the world.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Constituţia dogmatică despre Biserică Lumen gentium
The Church is an institution desired and created by Jesus Christ, who is the Word of God the Father embodied for the salvation of man. It is an alive and extensive reality that has its own structure and a history which interpenetrates with the history of humanity. The 2nd Vatican Council tried to propose to the contemporary world different images of the Church, which remains the mystical body of Christ. The Church, being a creation of Christ and being permanently animated by the Holy Ghost, cannot be destroyed neither by the humans, nor by the powers of darkness. The dogmatic constitution about the Church Lumen gentium is the outcome of many discussions that took place many years before the Council, discussions that were perpetuated until the emergence of this extensive document. This article is a detailed presentation of this document that represents the identity card of the Church, summoned to come upon the real needs of today man.

Lumen Gentium, în dialog cu mons. Marcello SEMERARO
Among the Council’s documents the Constitution Lumen gentium takes a central place. It represents the best key to read the Council’s documents and it is also the main axis that stood at the base of those documents foundation. The Constitution reveals a new image of the Church: the Church is presented as the people of God and those who are a part of the hierarchical structure are considered as the ministers of Church. The Church is seen as a communion in whom all the members of God’s people participate at the triple minister of Christ: priestly, prophetical and royal.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Decretul despre Bisericile Orientale catolice Orientalium ecclesiarum
The Council Fathers proposed to discuss about the role and the place that the Church has in today’s world and it was natural also to talk about the different utterances of the Church’s Catholicism. One of these form of utterance is represented by the Oriental Catholic Churches, of which reminds us the decree Orientalium ecclesiarum. There is one such Oriental Church in Romania: the Greek-Catholic Church. What role has this decree in the Church’s life? Did it bring something new in the tradition of the Catholic Churches with Oriental rites? This article wishes to answer to these questions.

Orientalium ecclesiarum, în dialog cu pr. Edward G. FARRUGIA, s.j.
The decree, structured in six chapters, underlines the dignity of the Oriental Churches. The Christian Orient holds many authentic riches that must be preserved. The existence of these Oriental Churches, different from the Latin Catholic Church does not endanger the Church’s unity. The maintenance in the Orient of the Patriarchate structure doesn’t affect the hierarchical structure’s functioning of the Church. The promotion of these Churches has shed a better light upon the non-Catholic Oriental Churches. In the same time, this document brings a novelty: the Catholic Church is not just the Latin Church; Orient and Occident (East and West) are like the two lungs through which the Church breathes.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Decretul despre ecumenism Unitatis redintegratio
The ecumenism represents the sum of all ways, initiatives and instruments that took place for the accomplishment of Church’s unity. The scissions of the unity of the Church, apparently irredeemable, have been discussed by the Council Fathers who have elaborated the decree about ecumenism Unitatis redintegratio. This article presents the structure of the document and its application in the ecclesial context of Iassy Diocese and of Romania.

Unitatis redintegratio, în dialog cu mons. Eleuterio F. FORTINO
Rebuilding Christian unity has been one of the main purposes of the 2nd Vatican Council. This document has been the official adhesion of the Catholic Church to the ecumenical movement. The accomplishment of Church’s unity is a commitment of the whole Church and not a private initiative of one person. After it speaks about ecumenism and the relations between the Catholic Church and the separated brothers, the Council wishes to offer to all the members of the Catholic Church all the help, the ways and the means to re-establish unity. The practical methods which this document offers are the prayer and the direct dialogue with the other Christians. The approval of this document has lead to the apparition of the Secretariat for the Unity of Christians and to elaboration of some documents that refer to the remaking of the Church’s unity.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Declaraţia despre relaţiile Bisericii cu religiile necreştine Nostra aetate
The non-Christian religions have always been a trial mark for Christ’s Church. History is impregnated with numerous conflicts between the Church and the other religions. The 2nd Vatican Council affirms the liberty of a person to adhere to a religion and the fact that this liberty has to be respected and guaranteed. Also, religions must work together to the common good and to the progress of the society. The present article underlines these features of the Council’s document and brings them up-to-date through the exemplification of concrete actions made in the favor of inter-religious dialogue.

Nostrae aetate, în dialog cu Eminenţa Sa, cardinalul Francis ARINZE
The non-Christian religions become more and more present in our daily life. The expansions of non-Christian religions and of religious movements that come from these religions represent a real challenge for the Catholic Christians. The Christians from every country and region need to be well informed about the religions that exist in their territory. The fact that we live in a time in which have flourished very much the partnerships between nations has determined the Catholic Church to re-examine its relations with the non-Christian Churches and to propose a new way of dialogue.

Dialog Teologic VI/11 (2003)

Dialog teologic VI/11 (2003)
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican. Adieri peste cortină, 144 p., 17×24, 5 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 11.

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm Dancă
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican, izvor de reînnoire
The author of this editorial claims that in our country, the acception of the renewal spirit and the application of the 2nd Vatican Council’s pastoral-liturgical norms were distorted by the unfavorable social and political conditions in which the Christians and the shepherds of our Church lived, in the period of the Council’s sessions development. The Council’s documents are even today a source of renewal, but the source isn’t enough known, used and frequented. The 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine is a good medicine for the removal of heresies and nowadays temptations, as the heresy of action and the temptation of material things. The editorial also claims the idea that the 2nd Vatican Council might become “operational”, if the shepherds and the Christians, “all together” – this is the Council’s logic – penetrate deeper in the Council’s mentality.

COMUNICĂRI

ÎPS Ioan Robu
De ieri până astăzi la noi: Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican

The article is a personal testimonial of Bucharest’s archbishop, ÎPS IOAN ROBU, who recalls of the fact that, until 1990, we shared some, but a little of the new Council’s atmosphere, that stirred up the universal Church. The translation and the publication of the documents was possible only 25 years after the end of the Council’s sessions (1990). For that time, the Council arrived as a delayed letter, discovered and hardly read and, generally, without enthusiasm. Nevertheless, we haven’t experienced an exaggerated application of the liturgical reforms. Nowadays, even if there are a lot of things to do, the breath of the Council is still present in our local Church. The new priest generations and the believers don’t understand the Council’s documents as a delayed letter, but as an fresh appeal to responsibility and fidelity towards the Church.

PS Petru Gherghel
Descoperirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
The article begins with a pleading for the Church, that goes forward, follows its path, in spite of the threats and trials that fall upon it. Afterwards, the role of Councils is presented: they are the keepers of the unaltered redeeming truth; questions are also formulated concerning the 2nd Vatican Council in the light of the abnormal situation that our local Church experienced: a long time without a bishop and separated visibly from the Pope for many years. Nevertheless, our Church ontologically belonged to the reality of the Church itself. The central content of the article takes a quick view over Rome – where the Council took place – and over Iassy, where there was a search of a way to spread information on the Council: B. Härings’s book The 2nd Vatican Council for all, and father Ioan Ciuraru had a significant role in this acquaintance work with the Council’s documents. Finally, the author of the article asks himself: what have we achieved of the Christian life, now, 40 years after the Council’s assembly.

PS Aurel Percă
Teologia morală între vechi şi nou
This article sustains a base idea, namely, that in the moral life domain, there was always a tendency of „old” to „new” passing. In consequence, the article shows the way the passing from the casuistry moral to the moral inspired by the 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine took place. In succession, the first beginnings of the renewal are presented, in order to find a new model of moral theology. Anyhow, the passing from „old” to „new” went slow. After the presentation of the moral theology’s development during and after the ending of the Council’s sessions, the article shortly presents the main dimensions of the new moral theology’s model, namely, the personal and commune dimension. Finally, the renewal situation of the moral theology in the Seminary (Institute of Iassy), the difficult steps taken to pass from the individualistic, psychological and juridical mentality of textbooks, to the mentality of manuals that point out the biblical, historical and ecclesiastical perspective of the moral.

Vladimir Petercă
Reflecţii asupra Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
The article sustains that all the difficulties that the Council fathers, all together with the shepherds and the Christians encountered when trying to penetrate and apply the 2nd Vatican Council’s norms and teachings, were for the benefit of the Church. Concerning to this, the author of the article remembers of the lab work that the 1968 generation priests made to prepare the ecclesiastical music, and refers to it as to one benefic work for the life of the Church. But the memories of the Council are linked to four great personalities that he evokes: pope Paul VI, the theologian K. Rahner, the cardinal König and the bishop R. Lettmann, the last one being cardinal Döpfner’s secretary, an important person in the social themes’ elaboration of the Council. Finally, the author asks himself if the Council’s expectations were fulfilled and to come to something like that, he claims that a permanent conversion of the Church to the Council’s spirit is required.

Eduard Ferenţ
Un nou suflu în teologia dogmatică
The author of the article claims that, when John XXIII started the 2nd Vatican Council, on the 11th of October 1962, almost an year of his priesthood had passed. That’s why he can say that he lived his priesthood in the light of the Council, in the ecclesial and social condition of a communist country hostile to the Catholic Church, and sequently, to the Council. The conference is a proof for the conditions in which, as a Catholic priest and theology professor, beginning with the 1st of January 1962, he knew and applied the 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine during his sacerdotal ministry. The testimony contains three moments: the first refers to the period succeeding the Council; the second refers to the period of 1967-1975, namely, the years of the Council’s application in the our ecclesiastical context; the last moment refers to the period after the Council between 1975-2003.

Claudiu Dumea
Aplicarea reformei liturgice
The exposition has as an theme the implementation (term taken from the „wooden” language of politicians) of the liturgical reform in our context. Reform, another word discredited by the politicians. When he says „in our context”, the author means at the Iassy and Bucharest dioceses. It is not a scientific, systematic, historically documented, exhaustive exposition, but some personal, fragmented memories from the ‘70-‘80.

Mons. Anton Lucaci
Adieri conciliare peste Cortină
The author of the article responds to the invitation to present an ecclesiastical juridical theme or to give a „personal” testimony concerning the 2nd Vatican Council, choosing for the second variant it is known the fact that the revision of the ecclesiastical laws, announced publicly by pope John XXIII the same time as the decision to summon the Ecumenical Council, was about to translate in disciplinary norms the Council’s works. The reform of the canonic legislation was materialized 20 years ago, with the promulgation of the new Canonic Law Code. The author remembers that, during his studies in Rome, the law reform „floated in the air, far away, out at sea”, and he underlines the existence, in that post-conciliary period, of an attitude, pretty much confuse, hostile to the ecclesiastical law. „That fever that the Church’s body suffered has passed away”: this is the conclusion of the approximately 450 canonists, with the occasion of the impressive commemoration of two decades from the promulgation of the new Canon Law Code (24.01.1983). The conciliary breezes over the Iron Courtain towards us can be illustrated by the Elijah episode, 1Kg 19,11-12: „And behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and broke in pieces the rocks, before the Lord, but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice”. Although he hadn’t any direct contact with the 2nd Vatican Council, the breeze of the Holy Spirit arrived also to our Church, being spared perhaps from the tempest, the earthquake and the fire that fell on some sectors of the free world Churches.

Francisca Băltăceanu
Traducerea documentelor Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican în limba română
In the article it is shown that a first Romanian translation was accomplished, in the given conditions of that time, in the Catholic world of Moldavia, a translation that passed by in a typed form, in a very exclusive circle, probably only in the Seminary and among some priests. Once ÎPS IOAN ROBU came at the lead of the Bucharest Archdiocese, many work possibilities opened here, in our context. In 1987, he initiated and entrusted a team to make a published form of the translation, in order to combine the rectitude with the accessibility. In the beginning, it was about a revision of the current translated text; shortly after, the process came out to implicate a huge work, with approximate results. Accordingly to his Eminence, a decision was taken to make a new translation, taking into account, obviously, anytime it was useful, what was already written.

Anton Dancă
Vocaţia la preoţie şi la viaţa consacrată
The testimony-article shows the fact that the author didn’t have too many information concerning the 2nd Vatican Council, but hoped in a better change in the life of the Iassy Dioceses’ Church, tested so hard, starting especially with 1998, when the Seminaries and convents were closed down. Many teenagers, having only a small step in reaching out the sacerdotal ideal, and many aspirants to the consecrated life, even those who vowed votes for life, had to come back to their so burdened families, because the war wounds weren’t healed enough. Some young people, seeing the wilderness of those times, enlisted to other schools, if permitted, and others started the family life.
Then, as today, people weren’t used to see how „God writes straight on skew lines”. The consecrated persons assembled in the Church for hours of adoration, gathered money in order to pay Masses for better times, took care of the altars’ beautification and offered their services to the parish as many times necessary, etc. Slowly, seeing their example, many young girls shyly got closed to ask them a spiritual guidance, feeling deep down the urge to serve Jesus in the consecrated life. The author thinks that many young people owe their call to the prayers and sacrifices of these persons banned from monasteries.

SCURTE MĂRTURII DIN DIECEZĂ

Ioan Sociu
Despre muzica sacră
About the sacred music

Dumitru Patraşcu
Despre apostolatul preoţesc
About the priest’s apostolate

Ştefan Erdeş
Dificultăţi în receptarea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
Difficulties in the 2nd Vatican Council’s acception

Ieronim Budulai
Scurtă evocare a convocării Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican File de istorie
Short evocation of the 2nd Vatican Council’s convocation

Violeta Barbu
Sinoadele locale din Ucraina, Polonia şi Constantinopol în epoca Contrareformei
Local synods in Ukraine, Poland and Constantinople during the Counter reform age

Fabian Doboş
Sinodul de la Cotnari – 6 noiembrie 1642
The Cotnari Synod – November the 6th 1642