Ştefan Lupu: Il fondamento e la natura della sinodalità ecclesiale nella teologia di Dumitru Staniloae
In the vision of the Orthodox theologian Dumitru Stăniloae, ecclesial synodality has a double foundation: natural and theological, and manifests itself as a communion in the Holy Spirit. The natural foundation of ecclesial synodality consists in the fact that humanity was created as a “whole,” identical in being, but different in its constituents. The theological foundation of ecclesial synodality results from the dogma of the Holy Trinity and from the creation of man in the image and likeness of God. Reffering to the nature of ecclesial synodality, Staniloae states that this is the full actualization of natural synodality in Christ and in Church, that is, the “healthy balance” between the unity of human nature and the diversity of persons. The organic and symphonic unity of the Church mystical body, is the fruit of the Holy Spirit. Therefore, ecclesial synodality is an expression of the organic unity of the mystical Body of Christ and manifests itself as a communion in the Holy Spirit.