„Catholic and local journalism” in archive files
The article presents the mode in which the Church from Moldavia has used the mass-media during history and the way things are now. Thus, until the beginning of the XX century, the Church has used specific ways of communication, especially in the its catechization and evangelization: church pictures, theatric representations, Christmas and Easter or great feasts pieces. At the end of the XIXth century and at the beginning of the XXth, many books and useful manuals for the teachers, priests and fidelian appear. Even in the communist period, the Church has used some sort of mass-media: the explicated catechism, the wall calendar, prayer and song books, posters, and sometimes towards the end of this period, film slides or videocassettes. After 1989, the mass-media develops more than before, and the Church in Moldavia uses it fully. The author pleads for the wise use of the mass-media, sustaining that its role is almost the same as the one of the priest who preaches the Gospel and helps the ones that have received it to grow.
In this study, the author expresses his opinion concerning three fundamental problems that structure the problem of the social communication instruments in the canonic legislation: a) the Church right to possess such instruments; b) the entire Church (bishops, priests, laymen, monks) must unite themselves in the apostolate of the social communications; c) the use of these instruments must not harm in any way the faith and Catholic morale. In essence, a trinome might be used: to have – to use – to supervise. The present code treats about the social communication in nine canons. Two of them, 822 and 823, constitute the first part of the title De instrumenti communicationis socialis et in specie de libris. The other seven canons are placed in different sections of the code. Moreover, there are two canons (722 §2 şi 831 §1 şi 2) that treat separately about newspapers, radio and television. The present work condenses in unum these norms, taking into account the three fundamental themes: have, use, supervise. The study of the canons – especially the base cannons 747 §1, 822 and 823 – is in the same time historical and exegetical, theological and pastoral.
The Church has been always preoccupied by the communicative phenomenon. The changes made by the mass-media in the 20th century have determined the Council Fathers to elaborate the Decree about the mass-media Inter mirifica. In this interview there are underlined the problems that lead to the elaboration of this document, the way in which it is structured in the new concept of the Church regarding the mass-media. The technological development that took place in the social communication area is considered by the Church as a manifestation of the man’s participation to the creative power of God. The importance of this document is demonstrated by the way in which it was applied by Pope Paul the VI and by its successor Pope John Paul the II.
The communication is a specific activity of man and it is indispensable to the civilized structures. To communicate means to inform, to spread an informative content that contributes to the development of the other. The Church realized the power of mass-media, the services that these ones can bring for the Evangels spreading. The Second Vatican Council promulgated the Decree Inter mirifica through which points out the live nature of Church’s reality and the necessity to communicate it to the public opinion. The present article analyzes the historical context in which the document was published, its long term applicability and the enormous possibilities that the correct utilization of the mass-media offers.
Tra i documenti emanati dal Concilio Vaticano II, si può identificare anche uno che tratta dell’importanza dei mezzi di comnicazione. Il documento Inter Mirifica vuole partire dalla Parola di Dio (cf. Mc 16,15) e costituirsi uno strumento a favore dell’evangelizzazione.
Il presente lavoro presenta il contenuto del documento conciliare, la storia della sua formazione e gli spunti che offre per la pratica pastorale della Chiesa.