Dialog Teologic XXIII/46 (2020)
81 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 15 lei.
Formare i seminaristi all’uso attento del televisore
Since its inception, the TV has spread rapidly in all homes, becoming an indispensable piece in the family environment around which relationships, habits, lifestyles are built, becoming a simple and inexpensive source of information and use of free time. Recent generations have grown up with TV and become addicted to the small screen, causing psychophysical injuries, uncontrolled behavioral outbursts caused by image culture that influences objective reality, presenting false images as an ambiguous game in which everything appears simple, easy, happy and rich, replacing the truth with the opinion. In a consumer society, advertising is a form of communication that aims to encourage the purchase of products by producing an automation in the listener that immediately accepts the offer of immediate happiness. The modern man can choose to be teleconsumer, teledependent, teleignorant or teleintelligent; but for the fruitful use of the television a slow work is needed based on patience, introspection, interiorization, silence and attentive listening.
Incurrunt in excommunicationem: brief history of canonic punishment of abortion
According to the 1983 Code of Canon Right, the person guilty of abortion, followed by the effect, automatically falls into the excommunication latae sententiae given to the bishop. This article sets out the penalties for this crime, which the Second Vatican Council called an “abominable crime” (GS 51). The punishments based on the Holy Scripture are reviewed, then those provided by the councils of the first millennium and those proposed by the patristic teaching, and then, to analyze the penitential manuals and Byzantine right, following the presentation of abortion punishments in medieval jurisprudence and pontifical teaching until the codification of canon right. At the end, the text shows the punishments prescribed by the codes of canon right – that of 1917, that of 1983 and that of the Eastern Churches –, ending with an incursion into Orthodox law.
Der mariologische Ansatz von Joseph Ratzinger
In diesem Artikel wird es den mariologischen Ansatz von Joseph Ratzinger analysiert. Dessen erster Teil skizziert drei methodische Aspekte, die für eine redliche Auslegung der Enzyklika „Redemptoris Mater“ von Papst Johannes Paul II. wichtig sind. Nach der Skizzierung dieser drei methodischen Aspekte werden drei inhaltliche Schwerpunkte der Enzyklika präsentiert. Der zweite Teil des Artikels analysiert das Buch „Die Tochter Zion“ von Joseph Ratzinger. Hier werden die drei großen Mariendogmen ausgelegt, und zwar: Maria, Jungfrau und Gottesmutter, ihr Freisein von der Erbsünde und die Aufnahme des Leibes und der Seele Marias in die himmlische Herrlichkeit.
Christian Creationism and Scientific Evolutionism
The question regarding the origin of man is one of the oldest ones. But it came again at the surface of wondering with the anthropological revolution caused by Charles Darwin in the 19th century with his evolutionary theory about natural selection. Nowadays, after more than one century, after the scientific crisis, after the Intelligent design debate, on calmer water, the truth about creationism, evolutionism and their relationship seem clearer. But before assuming a certain position concerning those two it is needed a process of understanding the roots of such visions, their intentions, and their consequences.