Dialog Teologic V/10 (2002)
Biserica locală. Teologie și istorie, 234 p. 17×24, 7 RON.
Cercetarea teologică şi sinodul diecezan de la Iaşi (2001-2004)
The editorial pleeds for the promovation of a tight bond between the theological research (in all its aspects) – the scientifical, existential, spiritual research etc. – and the work of Iassy’s Diecesan Synod (2001-2004). Accordingly, the pages of this last edition of the „Dialog teologic” contains more contributions with a tight theological character, bonded by the wish to asure a successful mission of the diecesan synod, synod that has to „profit”, to encourage, to value the theological research, in these moments and afterwards. Concerning the theological content of the present volume, a fact is underlined. Generally, the synod proposes a theology making method: the hermeneutical principles that help us understand the sacred realities (in our case, the reality of the Church) are always the same, they stay just as the Holy Bible, the Oecumenical Councils and the Patristical fathers formulated them, but they are applied to different realities. In other words, the theology is done in the context of Church’s living tradition, in a tight inner bondage with the dogmatical truths and with the history, both properly and figurately. Thus, if the ecclesiological reflections signed by B. Forte and Şt. Lupu have a dogmatical and theoretical character (with the purpose of theological foundation), the ones that belong to E. Dumea, A. Despinescu, L. Farcaş and A. Moraru have a practical character, trully ilustrating the theology-history relation.
Euharistia şi Biserica, comuniune şi misiune
The article is structured around the idea that the Church is born from the Holy Trinity in the paschal mystery and in the Ressurection memorial celebration. Following this central idea, the author is developing the ontology of the Church, taking into account the Eucharist’s ontology, and he draws attention to some present temptations that threaten the ontological identity of the Church. Thus, starting from the fact that the Eucharist is the memorial of the beginning and the Church is „born of Trinity”, the author underlines three dimensions of the Church, which are based on three elements of its reality: mystery, but implication also. Secondly, after prooving that the Eucharist is the paschal feast and the Church is the „communio sanctorum”, the author makes a link between the icon of the Trinity and the pastoral perichoresis, underlining the fact that the whole Church is charismatical and ministerial. Finally, because the Eucharist is the guarantee of the future glory and the Church is walking on the Kingdom’s way, the eucharistical Church is „semper reformanda” (always progressing, changing) and in the same time she must become the critical conscience of the history and the witness of the Beauty that redeems.
Fiinţa Bisericii la teologul ortodox Dumitru Stăniloae
In his long life and theological career, Dumitru Stăniloae (1903-1993) has treated several theological problems, that unite themselves together in the wish of helping the contemporary human being to rediscover and to free himself of the passing temptations that could alienate him. The study stops upon a theme of ecclesial nature, trying to analyze from an ontological point of view, the way Dumitru Stăniloae understands the nature and the manner in which one can express the mystery of union between Christ and his Church. Thus, it is shown that through various images of the Church that can be found in the biblical and patristical tradition, Stăniloae has a preference for the understanding of the Church as body and sacrament (mysterion) of Christ, situating himself on the line of saint Paul, and reaching the teachings of the capadocian fathers and the byzantine theology. The author of the study has given enough attention to the other ecclesial images – the Church as temple, boat, people of God – that are present in the New Testament and have been deeply studied by the saintly fathers of the Church. That is why, Father Stăniloae’s ecclesiology has an unilateral character, and it underlines only the spiritual dimension, shadowing the social and misionary dimension of the Church.
Misiunea catolică din Moldova în secolul al XVIII-lea
Before the century period underlined in this article, the Catholic presence in Moldavia was concretized in the existence of the Milcov and Cumanian (1227-1241) bishopries, wanted by the Hungarian crown, and afterwards, in the ones of Siret (1371-1434), Baia (1418-1525) and Bacău (1607-1818), constituted in the context of the Polish crown’s Catholic interests. For the Bacău bishoprie, the De Propaganda Fide Congregation nominated the Minor Conventual Franciscan Order with the purpose of watching over the destiny of the Catholics in Moldavia. Until the XVIIIth century, the conventuals had great difficulties in Moldavia, conquered by the Ottoman empire and devastated by various wars and pillages, and this missionaries had to watch over „the Catholic flock”, the Catholic minority that, by 1600, numbered about 300 souls. At the end of the XVIIIth century, the number of Catholics rose up to 13,000. The article presents the extreme conditions of the Catholic mission in Modavia, stoping upon some facts, institutions and persons that influenced the development of the mission. Thus, the authority of the Bacău bishops is underlined, and the main discussion is upon the protectorate of the big European powers – as Polland, Russia and Austria –, upon the missionaries’s relations with the local authorities – the rulers, the boyards and the Orthodox clergy – ; the controversies among the minor conventual franciscans aren’t much underlined.
Activitatea pastorală a lui Nicolae-Iosif Camilli ca arhiepiscop-episcop de Iaşi (1904-1915)
During the second millenium, in the Eastern teritory of the Carpathians, a Roman-Catholic presence is centified, in a misionary regim, until the creation of the Romanian modern state, first through the unification of the Moldavian and Muntenian principality, and, after the first World War, through the unification of Transylvania with the united Romanian state. The foundation in 1884 of Iassy Roman-Catholic Diocese, and the foundation of the diocesan Seminary in 1886, opened a new era in the more strongly becoming organization of the Catholic life in Moldavia. The diocese’s firm organizer was its first bishop, Nicolae-Iosif Camilli. This article shows the importance of the return at Iassy of N.I. Camilli as archbishop, analyzing the program-document as it was contained in the letter he sent from Rome in the 1st of October 1904 to his parishioners and collaborators. It also shows the progressive efforts of the Diocese, the relationship with the clergy, Camilli’s bishop emblems and the circumstances in which the archbishop N.I. Camilli died.
Metanoia. Aspecte sociale în lumina împărăţiei lui Dumnezeu
This study refers to the chances of social conversion and to the chances of the transformation of structures. The given answer is strictly corelated to the message regarding God’s kingdom as it is proclaimed and perceived, also having in mind the edification of the secular life’s domains. On one hand, the social conversion may be promoted in this way through Christian and ecclesial testimony in and with faith, hope and love. On the other hand, in the last part the results are considered from the research domain of value transformation which shows that in the modern societies there are tendencies to edificate the private and social life through an orientation for the value synthesis. The growing sensitiveness of today’s people for better justice and for the upholding of the human rights is a sign for better chances of social renewal.
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