Dialog Teologic VI/12 (2003)

Dialog Teologic VI/12 (2003)
Apologia creștinismului și provocările modernității, 242 p., 17×24, 8 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog12.

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Pentru adevăr: Petru sau Pilat?
The editorial underlines the fact that, the circumstances in which we live, the important matter is the attitude towards truth, that seems corrupted and confused; it can see that we aren’t prepared to search and accept the truth. Amongst other causes it indicates that the nowadays man is invaded from all parts by contradictions, falsity, lies and errors. Given the fact that the reaction used in confronting with the drawbacks is very weak, the Church must to assume the mission to announce the liberating force of the truth with more courage and conviction. Starting from two models of attitude towards truth – Peter wich goes away and then comes closer towards truth and Pilat wich is indifferent towards truth -, the editorial pleads for the attitude of saint Peter, the one that failed deceiving and denying the Christ but, finally, he found the way to the Truth.

COMUNICĂRI

Rino FISICHELLA
Apologetica moderna e le sfide del mondo contemporaneo
In this article, the bishop Fisichella sustains the fact that the tasks that belong to the fundamental theology must be rethought in modern terms, because the cultural context of nowadays is profoundly changed by the carthesian „cogito” and by the subjective dimension of the human knowledge, introduced by Kant. This cultural situation verifies itself especially in the Occident, where the fundamental theology makes huge efforts to reach an answer to some questions, as: „Who is the man?”, „What is nature?”, „Who is God?”. Even if this cultural environment is hard to define, the apologetics proposes with force the necessity of the truth and its relation with the truths of the Christian faith. Thus, the author shows that it is necessary to talk today about the truth, with a lot of passion, courage and love. But what truth are we talking about? We are talking about a truth that demands the identity of the subject that has to explain to an interlocutor why and how he has to speak about it. Thus, for a theologist, the truth has a face, and that face is Jesus of Nazareth. In the key of the modern philosophy, truth means love and liberty. But, nowadays, the question of truth implies the question of the true religion, therefore the relations between religions that, as corresponding to the teachings of the 2nd Vatican Council, must be characterized by respect and dialogue. Finally, the author invites everyone to search and to tend to the truth.

Ştefan LUPU
Adevărul în teologia sfântului apostol şi evanghelist Ioan
The author of the article starts from the classical become question, „what is the truth?” and intents to discover if there is a specific Christian concept of truth. The fundament of the study is constituted by the writings of saint apostle and evangelist John, the one that imprinted with his vision the Christian conception of truth. Thus, in the first part of the article, the author shows the originality of saint John’s concept of truth, in comparison with the Hebrew tradition, on one side, and the Greek and gnostic tradition, on the other side. In the second part, the author analyses the various texts of John that refer to the truth, structuring them in three categories: Christ and the truth, the Holy Spirit and the truth, the Christian and the truth. From this analysis, results that the truth in its Christian dimension, in comparison with the profane conceptions, is more complete and synthetic. It reunites in itself the various aspects that we see developing, isolated, in other systems. The unifying element of the Christian synthesis is the idea of revelation. The term of truth, in the Christian sense, doesn’t indicate God in itself, as the classical metaphysics did, but God’s revelation. In the Christian language, „the truth of God” isn’t the divine substance, but the revelation that comes from God, the revelation of his mysterious redeeming plan that found its definitive fulfilment in Jesus Christ. The Christian conception of the truth, is totaling. It is, in the same time, the memory of the past, an opening towards God’s mystery, the eschatological hope and the existential assimilation. These four dimensions of the Christian truth can be lived only in faith, hope and in a life of love.

Eduard FERENŢ
Cristologia lui Hans Urs von Balthasar (1905-1988)
Before making an introduction in the theological thought of Hans Urs von Balthasar, the author of this study introduces the reader in the personal life of the Swiss theologist, pointing the important moments of his sacerdotal life. The essential elements of Balthasar’s cristology, are described starting from some fundamental notions: the supernatural, the beautiful supernatural, and the kataloghia or the praise of God through humility. In conclusion, the author of the study sustains that the specific of Balthasar’s cristology is the brilliance of the AllBeautiful who, taking body from the womb of Mary, praised his Father through the humility and the kenoze of silence in the Great Friday of the crucified and buried. Thus, corresponding to Balthasar’s theology, Christ is the historical figure of the unseen God, the universal – concrete, the pleroma of the deity that, recapitulating the revelation, plenary and definitively manifests the love of God, therefore, saving or redeeming man. In this Allbeautiful Man, every ideal becomes reality.

Mihăiţă BLAJ
Teologia pluralistă a religiilor
The article underlines the fact that for the 3rd millennium Christian theology, the religious pluralism is a true instigation. This thing is confirmed by the numerous discussions concerning the theology of the religions, discussions that have different new tendencies: – eclesiocentrical, theocentrical with a normative christology, theocentrical with a non-normative christology – and paradigms: regnocentrical, logocentrical and pneumatocentrical. The study concentrates upon the pluralistical theology of the religions, a theological current appeared in the recent modernity, and illustrates his premises: the radical transcendence implies an apophatical discourse, the revelation has a symbolical character, the experience implies the perspectivism, the salvation is the hermeneutical criteria of the religious truths. The central problem in this recent theology is of an christological perspective; thus, the surpassing of the theocentrical paradigme means the ignoring of Christ (Jesus Christ is a myth, Christ isn’t Jesus, Christ is an illustrate unknown, the Logos is the radical transcendent, Christ isn’t Mesia). The author theologically evaluates these tendencies and pleads for Christianity as the „religio vera” and shows that, in the order of the salvation, Jesus Christ has an unique and universal role.

Vittorio POSSENTI
Noi che non sappiamo affatto che cosa sia la persona umana

The article tries to respond to this questions: what makes the man be a human and a person? That is why, first of all, a short incursion in the philosophical background of today; second of all, a few frame elements about the question of man in the modern philosophy. Thus, the author passes to the analysis of the characteristics of the person, that from an ontological point of view, moves around three key concepts: dignity, truth and freedom. Together with saint Tomas d’Aquino, one affirms: that „persona significat id quod est perfectissimum in tota natura, scilicet subsistens in rationali natura” and it is especially underlined that the human person is a center of dynamic unification, is a concrete totality, that shows itself in the analysis of the relation between dignity and liberty. After a short digression upon the reductionism and of upon what is irresistible in man, the author verifies the dignity of the man in two domains, today, in crisis: the idea of humanism and the „literal” education from universities. Finally, the author pleads for a humanism that represents the tension towards the realization of the essence or of the human nature and a formation road that should be penetrated by the truth-principle.

Cludiu IANUŞ
Dimensiunea antropologică a mişcărilor religioase contemporane

In our days, the birth and the proliferation of the new religious movements takes place in the background of a cultural rupture. The phenomenon of the new religious movements’ apparition is an invitation for the members of the Church to analyze and to recognize their responsibilities for the apparition and the proliferation of these new forms of religiosity. The article presents and evaluates from a Christian point of view two movements, which the author has considered more challenging in the local context – in the way it infiltrates and wins followers (the New Age movement), through the good organization, the number of adepts, and the exaggerated missionarism (the witnesses of Iehovah). Finally, the article pleads for the great anthropological affirmation of the Church of Christ in the beginning of the 3rd millennia: the mystery of the man won’t be understood but in the mystery of Christ.

Andre MATTHEWS
Quo vadis knowledge? Quid ulterius? In search for a solution to the epistemological crisis
The article searches to respond to three questions: The first: what is the real situation of the knowledge today? To find an answer, the author analyses the ideas on this theme, expressed by two contemporary philosophers: J. Habermas and J.-F. Lyotard, which bring us to the conclusion that knowledge means experiencing of a crisis situation. Thus, a second questions: how can we exit this situation of crisis? Concerning this, the author lines these movements of the modernity and post-modernity that have the role to find the direction, the unity, the validity and the finality of the different forms of knowledge. Finally, a third question appears: what is the solution to the present epistemological and cultural crisis? The author expresses the conviction that the knowledge under all forms and richness needs a new spinal column: the metaphysics.

Ioan TAMAŞ
Instrumentele de comunicare socială în legislaţia Bisericii

In this study, the author expresses his opinion concerning three fundamental problems that structure the problem of the social communication instruments in the canonic legislation: a) the Church right to possess such instruments; b) the entire Church (bishops, priests, laymen, monks) must unite themselves in the apostolate of the social communications; c) the use of these instruments must not harm in any way the faith and Catholic morale. In essence, a trinome might be used: to have – to use – to supervise. The present code treats about the social communication in nine canons. Two of them, 822 and 823, constitute the first part of the title De instrumenti communicationis socialis et in specie de libris. The other seven canons are placed in different sections of the code. Moreover, there are two canons (722 §2 şi 831 §1 şi 2) that treat separately about newspapers, radio and television. The present work condenses in unum these norms, taking into account the three fundamental themes: have, use, supervise. The study of the canons – especially the base cannons 747 §1, 822 and 823 – is in the same time historical and exegetical, theological and pastoral.

Cornel CADAR
Mass-media în Dieceza de Iaşi
The article presents the mode in which the Church from Moldavia has used the mass-media during history and the way things are now. Thus, until the beginning of the XX century, the Church has used specific ways of communication, especially in the its catechization and evangelization: church pictures, theatric representations, Christmas and Easter or great feasts pieces. At the end of the XIXth century and at the beginning of the XXth, many books and useful manuals for the teachers, priests and fidelian appear. Even in the communist period, the Church has used some sort of mass-media: the explicated catechism, the wall calendar, prayer and song books, posters, and sometimes towards the end of this period, film slides or videocassettes. After 1989, the mass-media develops more than before, and the Church in Moldavia uses it fully. The author pleads for the wise use of the mass-media, sustaining that its role is almost the same as the one of the priest who preaches the Gospel and helps the ones that have received it to grow.

FILE DE ARHIVĂ
Alois MORARU
„Presa catolică locală” în documente arhivistice
„Catholic and local journalism” in archive files

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