Dialog Teologic XIII/25 (2010)
Rezistența anticomunistă prin valori spirituale. Modele și fapte (II), 144 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.
Vizualizează online Dialog 25.
Aspecte spirituale în închisorile regimului comunist
The resistance to the oppression and the moral survival in the prisons of the communist regime were rooted especially on faith, no matter the confession, and the confessional membership was not an impediment for the dialogue and the fraternal cohabitation. Despite the immense bibliography, the author evokes in this article only some examples from an enormous casuistic whose analysis is just at the beginning. In the first part of this article, there are mentioned a series of memorials studies and the modalities of recuperating the data from the communist period which highlighted especially the horrors, the cruelty, the actions of that system. In the second part there are presented the examples of the people who had the tragic destiny through supporting the Calvary of the detention.
Apărarea identităţii noastre creştine, prilej de maturizare umană şi spirituală
History was and remains Mater et magistra. It teaches always while the world is elder and elder, while the faith in God darkens and the morality of the society softens. It teaches that, while the fervor of life debilitates, God as the permanent Lord of the humanity, in the mystery of his goodness, raises new personalities, because he is being concerned with both the strengthening of the faith and the reforming of the conduct of the society. In this article, Fr. Eduard Ferenţ emphasizes the events and the personalities who evoke the spirit and the mentality of the predecessors. In this mentality can be remarked that during the recent history the vivid need to defense the human and the Christian identity determined many people to resist even with the sacrifice of their own life. This resistance constitutes the moment of the maturation as human being and Christians.
Biserică şi stat în România contemporană
In this article, Fr. Emil Dumea synthesizes the relationship between the Romanian state and the Church in the XX-th century. Through mentioning the constitutional disposals after the creation of modern Romanian state and the adoption of its first constitution, the one from 1866, till nowadays legislation, the author classifies the confessions in Romania, on the first place being the Orthodox Church, because of the majority of population, which are orthodox, and the common development of the institutions of the Orthodox Church and the progressive history of the modern Romanian state forming, from the Middle Age till today. The juridical history of Romania highlights the continuous braiding between the two institutions: that is why the Romanian Orthodox Church maintains a privileged position and the state defenses and promotes its interests.
Justiţia politică şi „vinovăţia” de a fi catolic în anii regimului comunist
In the last years the Historical Research Department of the Roman-Catholic Bishopric approached a series of themes from the recent history, especially from the period 1948-1964, which coincided with the years of the Stalinist regime of Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej. In this article, Dănuţ Doboş, member of this department, resumed the work and the results concerning these themes, obtained through the analysis of the discovered archive documents. The author reaches the conclusion that the victims of the communist regime are not anymore perceived as exemplar for the whole word. The justice closed the chapter of the juridical public rehabilitation; the authorities and the public opinion ignore them; the same thing can be said about the historical books and the new generations; there are some voices tributary to the past time which dishonest their memory, amplifying the crimes whose culpable is the communist Security.
Memoria totalitarismului dintr-o perspectivă catolică. O dezbatere istorică
As an anthropological experience of the transitory things, memory depends on the concrete significations of the transfer from a generation to the other generation. Prof. Violeta Barbu wishes to stress the discrepancies which exist between the catholic perspective and the secularist one concerning the memory of totalitarianism of XX century, with its two faces, fascism and communism. In the first part of the article, the author mentions and analyses the classical approaches of the political philosophy of some notorious authors, e.g. Hannah Arendt, Thomas Mann, Walderman Gurian and so on. In the first part also there is broached the history of the conceptions about the two types of totalitarianism beginning with the time of the Cold War till today. In the second part, the author affirms that the model of the political philosophy of a unique totalitarianism with two faces relied on the historic differences has to be re-dimensioned according with the European cultural model of diversity, known as a defining factor of the identity of the reunited Europe. This cultural model was underlined by the Magisterium of the Catholic Church through the encyclical letters of the Pope John Paul II. Also there are highlighted some historical contributions of the Pope.
După 20 de ani. Evidenţe şi ocultări ale persecuţiei Bisericii Greco-Catolice Române Unite cu Roma din 1948 şi până astăzi
Fr. Ioan Mitrofan sustains in this study the cause of his Church, persecuted during its relative short history of 300 years. The first part of this study represents a systematic division in periods of this history, whose purpose is to underline that Greek-Catholic Church from Romania is an institution with history full of events, even if not always happy, especially in the second part of the last century when participated to the great competition of the resistance against the communist system imposed in the Central and Eastern Europe, together with the other United Churches, persecuted in the same way, together with the Roman-Catholic Church with the national nuance. The author is not as historian, but a witness of the recent history of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church. In the second part there is debated the problem of the dialogue between the Roman-Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, between the Greek-Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Then, the author presents the positive aspects of the liberation from communism for the Greek-Catholic Church. Finally, the author describes his activity as priest in the time of the communist dictatorship.
Berdiaev şi comunismul
In this article, the author proposes for discussion the reasons of the Church persecution in the communist epoch, and the contradictions from the communist ideology, underlined by the Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdiaev (1874-1948), who in his writings dealt with the philosophy of the religions. The fight of the communists against Christendom signified a crumbling of the spiritual flush from their beings, and this fact encouraged them to change the face of the whole world, because by destroying the roots poked in the Christian past, they wanted to create a mechanic and atheist world. A disputable detail of this article constitutes the definition of the Church as emanation of divinity, as a result of a divine-human process. The term “Church” has two different meanings: on one hand, it is the mystic body of the Christ and his spiritual reality, and, on the other hand, a social phenomenon and a social institution related to state, they existing together and having their own right and economy.
Strategii ale Patriarhului Justinian Marina pentru organizarea şi dezvoltarea monahismului ortodox în perioada comunistă
The monastic problem which started with the reform of the prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza who asked the monasteries to have no land propriety, devastated the monasteries, so, at the beginning of XX century, there remained only some monasteries which hardly functioned. After the Second World War, at he beginning of the installation of the communist regime, an important role concerning the solution of this problem had the patriarch Justinian Marina. The study of Adrian Nicolae Petcu aims to underline the function of the patriarch in organizing and developing the Orthodox monasticism in the communist period. Even if was seen as a collaborator of the communist party, patriarch Justinian Marina deluded every appearance through the reforms he applied in order to resuscitate the orthodox monastic spirit and to form an elite staff among the monks who constituted the future army of the orthodox monasticism.
Rugăciunea şi căderea comunismului în România
The wonder which took place in December 1989, so how defined Doina Cornea, a notorious personality of the Romanian anticommunist resistance, the events of that year, represents a victory of the spiritual values on the materialist and atheist ideals. In this article, Rev. Wilhelm Dancă proposes, following the profile of this personality, a clear understanding of the term “wonder” related to the events from December 1989. Employing the memories of some heroes of the anticommunist resistance and evoking his personal memories, Rev. Wilhelm Dancă wishes to underline the contribution of the spiritual factor, especially the one of the pray, to the fall of communism. That is why, he analyses this factor in three different perspectives: prayer as form of resistance against the evil, prayer as a gateway from a closed world and prayer as the space of meeting God himself. For the Catholic Church, the life during the communist time was like a day at sunset which was not ending any more. But the quotidian physical and spiritual sacrifices of our good lay people and priests prepared the happiness of regaining the freedom.