The contemporary society is confronting with a crisis of education caused by the collapse of the totalitarian systems and by the complex phenomenon of postmodernism. The article of Msgr. Ioan Robu starts by presenting this crisis situation of education in the Catholic schools from Europe, sketching then their common problems: the relativist and the agnostic mentality and the encroachments or the influences of the political and economical systems in the schools’ life. However this adverse context should not determine the Catholic school to abandon its specific calling and its human, cultural and religious finalities. Therefore, in the conclusion of this study, the author suggests the concrete forms of acting which devolve from the identity of “Catholic school” both in the ecclesial field and in the social one.