For a moral-theological encounter with the issue of suffering, there is necessary to make a distinction within suffering. A distinction is made between pain and misery and the moral role of man. Liberation Theology dealt with the situation of contextual misery. This theology offers new possibilities for analyzing suffering from the perspective of the kingdom of God and identifying resources to combat it. The points of view of liberation theology caused dynamic discussions and arguments in society and the Church: initially they were partially rejected, later, however, accepted. This issue of social misery is also the focus of moral theology.