Dialog Teologic X/ 20 (2007)

Dialog Teologic X/ 20 (2007)
Quo vadis caritas? Principiul carității creștine în dialogul religios contemporan, 195 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 20.

 

Wilhelm Dancă
Formarea permanentă: Când şi pentru cine?
The permanent formation is a necessity every time and for every people, taking into account the axiological confusions and the misleading changes which are influencing the contemporary society. Starting from this point, the author of the editorial which introduces the theme of the 20th number of the theological magazine Dialog Teologic, considering thoroughly the doctrine of the Council Vatican II, the recent teaching of the Catholic Church, and the decisions of the Synod of Iaşi, underlining the importance of the permanent Christian formation of both of lay persons, whose mission is to sanctify the temporary realities, and of priests, called to be ministers of Christ in this changing world and servant of the holy sacraments. The permanent formation is a right, but also a duty and has to get an integral and unifying dimension that is why it remains an urgent exigency both for priests and for lay persons.

COMUNICĂRI

Vladimir Petercă
Sursa nedreptăţilor şi a dezordinii din lume: nebunia. Comentariu la Ps 14
At the end of the XIXth century, the whole world was stirred up by the words of Nietzsche: “God is dead. We have killed him!” The nihilism expressed in this way has very old roots, reaching the time of the Ancient Testament. The author of this study, starting both from the Ps 14, and from the wider context of the Ancient Testament, explains the valences and the causes of these words. The Ps 14, in programmatic and common terms identifies two categories of people: on one hand, the man of justice, the poor and oppressed one, whose Defender is God, and, on the other hand, the sinner and “mad”, whose life mirrors the practical atheism. The message of this study, addressed to the contemporary people, is the one of Ps 14, which, at his turn, represents the synthesis of the Ancient Testament theology: the true God triumphs through goodness and justice, because the “mad’s” happiness is just apparent and deceptive.

Michel Cagin
Génèvieve Fondane. O viaţă închinată misterului lui Israel
Israel had one of the most troubling history. The XXth century represents for this people and for the whole humanity a painful remembrance. This article presents the Gènèvieve Fondane’s biography converted to Christian faith, as it results from the correspondence maintained with J. Maritain and his wife Raissa Maritain. Wife of the Jewish thinker Benjamin Fondane, during his detention at Auschwitz and after his death, Gènèvieve felt the power of God’s grace and, after many demands, asked to enter the order of the nuns Notre Dame of Sion. The present biography has a challenging message for nowadays people, representing both a reproach to anti-Semitism and a precious bridge in the dialogue between Jewish people and Christians.

Vittorio Possenti
Misterul lui Israel. J. Maritain şi Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican
At the elaboration of the documents of the second Council of Vatican worked together biblists, liturgists, theologians and philosophers. Among the philosophers, J. Maritain contributed through his vision about the Jewish people as God’s chosen people. Both through his participation to the Council and through his book “Mystery of Israel”, J. Maritain identified and denounced every form of anti-Semitism, religious, social, economical and political. “The spiritual essence of anti-Semitism is finally a christo-phobia phenomenon”. In the present article, V. Possenti illustrates the connotations of Israel’s mystery for the whole world, taking back the orientation of the French philosopher J. Maritain: in the interreligious dialog is necessary to discover the connections between the new chosen people and Israel, between the new God’s people and the people of the Synagogue.

Virgil Nemoianu
Două aspecte ale catolicismului american

In the last decades there have appeared many statistical studies about the situation of the Catholicism in the West of Europe, which cast a shadow of pessimism on its future. A different image proposes the article of Virgil Nemoianu, about the history, evolution, current situation and future perspectives of the American Catholicism. Even if a minority and constituted of immigrants, the Catholic Church in America maintained its vigour, presenting itself as a vivid and active community. The author exposes shortly but realistic the specific features of this Church speaking about: the situation of the clergy and of lay persons, the American intellectuals, theologians, politicians and mass-media. Finally, he extends his vision about Church, expressing his hope that dialog between orthodox Christian and Catholics in America will bring rich fruits for both Churches.

Ermis Segatti
Tendinţe în reînnoirea teologică din India. Despre Dumnezeu. Premise şi precursori
In the last decades, Europeans manifested in their religious seeking a grow attraction for the Asiatic religions, especially for Hinduism and Buddhism. This study exposes actually the points of contact and of dialog which can be established between Christians and Indian Hindu theology, which manifests an obvious inclination of getting autonomy, thanks to its sticking root in a very rich tradition recognized by history. This tradition was valued by the modern Hindu theologians: Standley Samartha, Vivekananda, Upadhyaya, Neakantha Gorec, Richard of Smet, who suggested in their books the deepness of the old Hindu thinking, and the relations which can be developed between the Hindu theology and the Christian doctrine, between Upanishads and the Christ. Thanks to its orientations favourable to the interreligious dialog, the study offers a generous opening to the approaching between Christians and non-Christians in the context of a globalized world.

Emil Dumea
Cultură, cult şi interculturalitate: repere istorice şi ideologice europene contemporane
At the beginning of 2007, Romania joined UE, belonging in this way to the great intercultural family of the European states. This social-political context, which has also religious implications, explains the appearance of this essay. The author exposes the plenty of signification of the term culture applying it in the present times, bringing out into bold relief the relation with cult: culture without cult is cold and empty; cult without culture is the unjustified limitation of the human person. In the context of the European community the inter-cultural dialog is both a duty and an occasion of reciprocal knowledge and of communicating values. This dialog is able to eliminate tensions and schisms caused by the ignoring of the other partner, remaining in this way a permanent and reciprocal requirement.

Claudiu Dumea
Diavolul şi exorcismele
The contemporary society feels the Evil’s existence as presence and action, but avoids often attributing it the name “Devil”, this subject belonging to the category of taboos. The study surpasses these clichés and tries to underline the different form of Devil’s presence and to expose the main arms we have against him: exorcisms, as it results from the new Ritual of exorcism. The author indicates the exorcist’s qualities, the manifestations of the exorcised person before, during and after exorcism, the content of exorcisms’ prayers, and finally highlights that Devil’s existence is not a reality which depends on the opinion of the majority, but a hostile force which can influence the decisions and actions of nowadays people.

Wilhelm Dancă
Benedict al XVI-lea şi iubirea. Eros, agape şi philia în enciclica Deus caritas est

Saint John gave God an excellent definition: God is love. But, what can expressed these words today, when “love is one of the most used and abused word”? The author of this study, following closed the biography and the first encyclical letter of Benedict XVI, dispels the shadow of contempt which glided on the term eros, showing that there is a God’s eros, eros benevolentiae (different from eros concupiscentiae), which is in the same time agape. These two forms can not be separated they both setting up the nature of the true love. Philia (friendship) harmonises whit eros (the ascendant love) and agape (the descendent love), being the fulfilment of the communion both with God and with people. In the conclusion of this theological approach, the author gives the man’s mission a dynamic note: agape is the fundamental law of his life, and this love is not a conquered state but a permanent increase.

 

Dialog Teologic X/19 (2007)

Dialog Teologic X/19 (2007)
Identitatea creștină și valorile Europei de astăzi, 162 p, 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog19.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Identitatea creştină şi valorile Europei de astăzi

Nowadays European society is registering passionate debates about the role of the Christian roots and of the religion in the structure of the new Europe, about the dialogue between Church and State, about the role of the lays both in the Church and in civilian society. Trying to put attention to this challenging problems, the Theological Roman-Catholic Institute of Iaşi organized the International Symposium “Christian identity and the values of the nowadays Europe”. In the introductory study, we can find out the objectives of the symposium and the framework of the discussions it occasioned: the orientation of the efforts in order to obtain an Europe – community of values, the discovering of new ways of practicing the historical memory in order to safeguard our religious tradition and culture, the contribution to the axiological edification of the good Romanian in order to become a good European. Finally, the author urges to the meeting with Jesus Christ, the Person – Event who founded the Christian values, whose aim is to give sense also nowadays people.

Jean-Claude PERISSET
Mesaj
Christianity is an essential element of the European identity, but unfortunately this aspect was not admitted in the project for the European Constitution. This refusal gave birth to many polemic discussions and to diverse interpretations. In his message, the Apostolic Nuncio Jean-Claude Périsset transmits a cordial and fraternal salute, proposing also to consider thoroughly the valences of this Christian identity, which has to brink “flowers and fruits” also in the contemporary Europe

COMUNICĂRI

Abelardo LOBATO
De Europa condenda. Amintire şi profeţie
There is a strong relation between memory and identity, because losing memory means the fission of the subject. Starting from this conviction, the author of the study points out the great importance of the vestiges from the past, this is seen as a solid basis for the future projects. Firstly, Abelardo Lobato shows the three interpretations that he could follow in his speech: the one of the poet Vergilius, of Ortega y Gasset, or the one of the Christian humanism, the fundamental element of the European identity. Then the author identifies the four constitutive elements of the European identity: the Greek logos, the Latin jus, God who reveals himself in Jesus Christ and the pathway of science and technology. These precious values were inherited by modernity, but it did not know to appreciate them as such, that is why where are present at the European identity crisis. Quid faciendum? Finally, the author declares that Europe should assume its millenary tradition, founded on the everlasting and life giving truth of the Gospel.

Ottorino PASQUATO
I laici nella Chiesa antica: identità e ruoli. Individuazione di aree di laicità
Even if the religious experience of the lay persons existed in every moment of history, the systematic reflection about laity has intensified especial in the last time. Assuming the teaching of the second Council of Vatican from the documents Lumen gentium and Gaudium et spes, Ottorino Pasquato illustrates the identity of the lay person and his part both in the ancient Church and in society, both in West and in East. The author describes the area of laity in the apologetics writings, and the relation between Christians and public institutions, between the biblical poverty and exigencies of social life, between monarchism and the matrimonial life. Then the study focused on the figure of John Crizostom, who spoke about the main part of family, “the little Church”, in children’s education and catechetical forming, in social charity, even in the pastoral mission. These prophetical intuitions can offer solutions the questions of nowadays Christian family and Europe.

Hermann SCHUSTER
Responsabilitatea creştinilor laici în societatea pluralistă a Europei
The medieval Europe was described as an univesitas Christiana. But today it is more adequate to speak about a pluralistic Europe whose Christian roots are disputed because of the post modern laicization. Starting with this general framework, this study aims to outline the part of the lay persons in the pluralistic society of Europe, which always changes. The European Constitution even if does not refer explicitly to God, permits and stimulates the social involvement of the lay Christian, trough its foundation on the basis of the Christian values: the human dignity, equality in front of God, the religious freedom, the social involvement. The article ends in an optimistic note, expressing the author’s conviction that Europe has still “a Christian soul and a spiritual dimension”, which last thanks to the common effort of all Christian European denominations.

Mariano FAZIO
Modernità e secolarizzazione da una prospettiva cristiana
n every historical period, good has existed always with evil. That is why we can not emit absolute affirmations: the medieval society was completely a Christian one, and the one of modernity was a secularized society. Starting from this general introduction, this presents modernity as an ambivalent reality: on the one hand, more “Christian” than Middle Age, because it is more aware of the relation between the natural order and the divine one, but, on the other hand, modernity is a reality reserved to transcendence, which leads gradually to nihilism. From the roots of modernity, Enlightened and Romanticism, which affirmed the humans’ autonomy, founded on reason and respectively on sentiment, raised the totalitarian ideologies and, eventually, nihilism with its two sides: God’s death and relativism. Contrasting with this sad evolution, the author presents shortly the recent positive initiatives (personalism, spiritualism, neo-thomism), which are reasons of hoping for nowadays people because they express implicitly the generous opening to transcendence.

Ignazio SANNA
Identitatà aperta e la persona nell’era della globalizzazione
In the last century appeared a lot of studies about identity which illustrate a bigger and bigger detachment between the Christian view about humans and the one of liberal scientism. These studies also identified two phenomena which conditioned in our era the identity process: globalization and the biotechnological revolution. This article starts by presenting synthetically these two recent phenomena and their consequences concerning humans’ life and thinking. In front of these recent challenges the Christian has to present his faith in humans, as God’s image, as master of an indelible dignity. The Christian’s speech has winning chances even today because also the post-modern people are thirsting for transcendence, a need which biologically can not be stopped or explained, and because of the transcendence’s reflex in the human persons, which has an universal valence, even if it is not codified as such by the recent national constitution and international conventions. Convinced of the existence of these anthropological foundations, the author can end his article with positive words, because every time and everywhere “the universality of humans’ rights is superior to non human”.

Aurel PERCĂ
Identitatea creştină într-un context social relativist
In the teachings of the last Popes, especially in the ones of Pope Benedict the XVIth, we meet often warnings concerning relativism, described as an ideological dictatorship which does not admit anything as definitive and considers the subject the supreme moral judge. This article treats on the same theme, underlining especially the effects of relativism on the human moral identity. The gnoseological, ethic and juridical relativism are caused by the absolutization of human, which took the place of the divine Absolute. In this complex but confused context, Church has to point out strongly, despite the severe critics, that God can not be excluded from the people’s life, because “the creature without Creator disappears”. Church, especially nowadays Church, has to become the voice of the Christ, who exposed his universal mission an identity in this way: “I am the Light of the world.”

Alois GHERGUŢ
Libertatea de a avea versus înţelepciunea de a crede în noua Europă postmodernistă
Religion is a human phenomenon met in every culture, where spiritual beings are thought to be the causes of life, of the appearance of universe and of many natural changes. But why do people believe all these things? This article presents shortly the answers given to this fundamental question: religion is a social product; faith exists thanks to our psychic stock liable to believe or could be a consequence of the cultural indoctrination. The author refers to Mircea Eliade which succeeded in reconciling sacred with profane, underlining the ontological complementarity that unifies them. But the author does not stop at the theoretic aspects; he also suggests the necessity of a personal and faithful answer in front of the challenge of confessing clearly and of defending the contents of our faith.

Mihai MAGA
Marsilio din Padova şi provocările modernităţii
Nowadays political systems rely on the separation of the powers in State and on a civil society owner of the right of political decision. But these fundamental elements for the contemporary politics were theoretically anticipated and prepared by the classic political philosophy. This study illustrates briefly the general ideas of the classic political philosophy: the Aristotelian view about humans, the awareness of the human limits of thinking and acting. The author of this study does not stop to the general aspects, but gives a great importance to the political philosopher Marsilio of Padova (1275/1280–1342/1343) and to his work Defensor Pacis. In this treatise, Marsilio introduces the reason’s regime in politics and enlightens the great part of peace in humans’ happiness. These intuitions of the philosopher became concrete reality in the contemporary political systems, even in the structure of UE.

Radu CARP
Pierre Manent şi tradiţia gândirii europene despre religie şi politică
In the French political thinking in the second part of the XXth century, especially under the influence of structuralism and Marxism, often religion was repudiated. After 1980, there are some authors who opposed this general tendency; one of them is Pierre Manent, who succeeded in avoiding the ideology of the left-wing and who kept an important place for religion in his thinking. This study presents the principal books of the French political thinker and, finally, exposes the main ideas of these books: secularization is not an irreversible process in Europe; politics and religion are not completely separated; after the fission of the strong notions of State, revolution, Marxism, the state organizations need true reference points, and one of them could be religion. This last solution has an intense and strong resonance in the contemporary Romanian context.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Dumnezeu, Europa şi religiile. Identitatea creştină şi pluralismul religios
 
On the background of the religious and cultural pluralism, nowadays Europe is registering the marginalization of Church, of the religious element and of the Christian values. This sad reality makes us speak about a new Europe, a new European with a new identity. Starting from this general view, the article brings out into bold relief the importance of Christianity and of its structures in building the first Europe, on the one hand, and on the other one, the actual European refusal of admitting Christian roots, that is the apostasy of Europe, caused by the secularized, materialist, relativist and pragmatist tendencies. But the main point of view of the author is that we assist also to the renewal of the spiritual life, to the appearance of the new and firm Christian consciences and to the reappraisal of the ethic Christian values in the public space. After this passing from past to present, the article proposes a Christian project for the future: Church needs a qualified Christian community, active and adaptable to the social cultural changes, able to inspire the behaviour of the non declared Christian people. This project seems to have winning chances because it had been already realized by Saint Benedict, for instance. But to do that the people of Europe must have more faith in God and more trust in the human being.

 

Dialog Teologic IX/ 18 (2006)

Dialog Teologic IX/ 18 (2006)
Seminarul Diecezan „Sfântul Iosif” din Iași la ceas aniversar: 50 de ani de la redeschidere, 120 de ani de la înființare, 176 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 18.

P.S. Petru GHERGHEL
Un popas binecuvântat
History is a gift from God and the concrete sign that he does not leave the people, but protects them remaining near by. On the background of this faith conviction, the article of Msgr. Petru Gherghel makes a succinct introduction in the theme of the festive meeting which occasioned the publishing of the 18th number of Dialog teologic, reminding respectfully of the providential interventions of the bishop Nicolae Iosif Camilli in the opening of the Seminary 1886, and of the ordinarius substitutus Petru Pleşca in its reopening in 1956. In the activities of these pastors, also, even in the approval for the reopening of the Seminary, signed by the communist Emil Botnăraş, in the sufferings of the bishops, professors and seminarians during the communist regime, Msgr. Petru Gherghel sees the mysterious achievement of God, who led the Seminary in the resurrection’s logic, initiated in his Son, the Great Priest of our faith: per crucem ad lucem. Finally, the roman-catholic bishop of Iasi thanks every person who made possible this celebratory time in the Seminary from Iaşi, reminding also the spiritual protectors, Holy Mary, Saint Joseph, the patron of the Seminary, Saint Therese of Lisieux, the second patron.

COMUNICĂRI

Alois Moraru
Seminarul diecezan „Sfântul Iosif” din Iaşi de la înfiinţare până în anul 1948
The Seminary’s foundation and life were depending on a lot church legislative, economical, social and political factors. Starting from this fact, the study of Alois Moraru opens through a succinct presentation of the magisterial norms concerning the clergy forming, from the Pope Anaclet to the Pope Benedict the XVIth, from the Council of Niceea until the second Council of Vatican. After this introductory framework, the author exposes the most important initiatives of the missionary Fathers, Jesuits, Franciscans, and of the Bishops from Moldova concerning the foundation of a seminary. These initiatives anticipated the foundation of the Seminary from Iaşi, at 29 September 1886, by the Bishop Nicolae Iosif Camilli. Further, the author points out, in an animated and coloured way, the main aspects of the beginning history of the Seminary, such as the rules of the seminary, the events which marked the first decades, the difficulties of the first years, the interventions of the bishops in supporting the Seminary. Through the Law for Reform of the education in Romania from 3 august 1948, the Seminary was forced to interrupt its activity. The article does not stick on this sad event from the life of the Seminary, but reminds of the reopening of the Seminary and its activity until today.

Anton Despinescu
50 de ani de la redeschiderea Seminarului diecezan
The 120 years history of the Seminary from Iaşi includes both a lot of jubilees, holidays and sad events, whose witness and host was our seminary. The study of Anton Despinescu about the 50 years jubilee from the reopening of the Seminary opens with the evocation of another jubilee: the 10 years celebration from the opening of the Seminary (29 September 1896). Contrasting with the first part of the article, further the author reminds of the sad events which preceded the temporary closing of the Seminary, of the repression activity of the communist regime. Only the Seminary from Alba-Iulia obtained the approval from the communist Government. The author reminds of the „exile” years at Alba-Iulia, underlinig then the important part of Msgr. Petru Pleşca in reobtaining the seminary building from Iaşi and in its reopening. Eventually, the author brings thankfull a hymne to God , for the “the Seminary of the providence” – this is the name given to the Seminary from Iaşi – which, in spite of all the difficulties and hostilities of the time, continued and continues in offering the Church and the world new messengers of the peace.

PS Aurel Percă
Teologia morală între vechi şi nou
From the beginning of the second half of the XXth century, the situation of the moral theology is characterized by the gradual giving up of the casuistry, which rose in the posttridentin period, which had dominated for more than three centuries and which now can not deal with the conceptual and social changes which appeared in this period. The Church needed a reform and achieved it through the second Council of Vatican, which in Gaudium et spes, Lumen Gentium, and Dei Verbum initiates a new model of moral theology. The study of Msgr. Aurel Percă points out the necessity of passing from old to new, the deficiencies of the old model of moral theology, the new breathing brought by the second Council of Vatican, the moral theology during the second Council of Vatican and its further development, the specific aspects of the new model of moral theology, and, finally, the situation of teaching and receiving the two models of moral theology. Now, at 40 years after the second Council of Vatican, the author remarks the steps made by the moral theology, able to answer the questions of the contemporary people.

Andrei Brezianu
De la Alba-Iulia la Iaşi – o rememorare – 1956
After an interdiction of 4 years, the Department of Cults authorised in 1952 the reopening of a catholic Seminary at Alba-Iulia. The seminarists of the Diocese of Iaşi continued their studies in this seminary, until they returned to Iaşi. In his confession, Andrei Brezianu reminds, full of affection and longing, however with accuracy and historical credit, of the faces of his mates and his superiors in that hard years under communism, the hospitable atmosphere in the seminary from Alba –Iulia, an the joy of returning to the Seminary from Iaşi, Alma Mater for many generations of priests, the hard conditions of the beginning, the contributions of the rectors, professors and students for the rebirth of the Seminary. The conviction which opens, crosses and finishes the article of Andrei Brezianu is that the time of difficulties was for the Seminary from Iaşi a blessed time, and only thank to the sacrifices from the past can be explained the later existence and the image of the Seminary, how we can see today.

Anton Despinescu
Nicolae Iosif Camilli şi Mihai Robu
The life of the diocese and of the seminary from Iaşi was marked by the faith model and fertile activity of the Bishops who led them. The study of Anton Despinescu makes an historical incursion in the biography of the Bishops Nicolae Iosif Camili and of Mihai Robu. Nicolae Iosif Camilli (1884-1894; 1904-1915), the first Bishop of the Diocese of Iaşi, through his pastoral activity and his writings – Acta Camilliana, contributed to the spiritual edification of the people entrusted to him in the hard time of the beginning of our diocese. Mihai Robu was the first indigenous Bishop (1925-1944) of the Diocese of Iaşi. The people who knew Msgr. Mihai Robu characterized him as a saint, poor, popular and gentle pastor. The Diocese of Iaşi has a deep esteem for these illustrious Bishops, opener of the ways and faith examples for the ones who succeeded on the Bishop’s chair from Iaşi.

Dănuţ Doboş
Marcu Glaser şi Rafael Friedrich
The history of the Seminary from Iaşi is the result of many personalities’ work. The study of dr. Dănuţ Doboş stops upon the illustrious figures of the Bishop Marcu Glaser and of Rafael Friedrich, choice justified by their statute of martyrs of the Catholic Church from Moldova. Sketching the two biographies, the author underlines the aspects which turn the two personalities into models of affection to the Catholic faith and to the Holy See, in the hard period of the first decades under communism: the fruitful activity of the two martyrs, their courage and determination in front of the communist oppression, their martyrdom which crowned a life with the Christ. These two personalities remain in the history of the Catholicism from Moldova and of the Seminary from Iaşi as models of integrity and courage in front of the communist oppression.

Wilhelm Dancă
Francisc Xaveriu Habeni şi Anton Trifaş
The anniversary of 120 years from the opening of the Seminary from Iaşi and of 50 years from its reopening was not complete without paying homage to the rectors who were in function in those moments, Francisc Xaveriu Habeni, rector at 29 September 1886, and Anton Trifaş, rector at 26 November 1956. The study of pr. Wilhelm Dancă, the present rector of the Seminary, points out the church and social context in which grew up the two emblematic personalities, the problems they confronted and their zeal in contributing at the opening of the seminary, both their good practical and pedagogical orientation, their care for the moral and spiritual profile of the candidates for the Priesthood. These two exemplary rectors anticipated and animated through their model a series of rectors, worthy of their precursors.

Emil Dumea
Clădirile Seminarului „Sfântul Iosif” din Iaşi
The Seminary from Iaşi as institution, group of people and building has lived the influence of the time when it developed, time which determined its evolution until today. The article of Emil Dumea “The buildings of the seminary Saint Joseph from Iaşi” exposes succinct the evolution of the spaces and of the architecture of the Seminary after its reopening in 1956, the opposition of the communist regime, the building renovation, which appeared more and more necessary, the contribution of the rectors Petru Gherghel, Eduard Sechel, Eduard Ferenţ, Ioan Robu, Alois Fechet, Aurel Percă, Alois Bulai, Wilhelm Dancă to the building and renovation of the seminary in the latest decades, the generosity of the benefactors, the importance given to the seminary, the heart of the diocese. This assembly of factors made possible this anniversary time in the new and beautiful building of the Seminary Saint Joseph from Iaşi.

FILE DE ARHIVĂ

Ştefan LUPU
Seminarul Diecezan din Iaşi: Continuitate în tradiţie şi înnoire creatoare
The 120 years history of the seminary from Iaşi incorporates partially or totally the history of people who remained near it, both professors and students, the life of rectors and bishops who led it, the existence and the evolution of the formative, educational and spiritual program, which directed its graduates. Proposing this general view, the study of Ştefan Lupu presents with maximum of accuracy and meticulousness the names of all the students and professors who were in the Seminary from Iaşi, the evolution of the analytical program of philosophical-theological forming, the changes which appeared in the structure of the pastoral-spiritual forming system, the aspects of the human-cultural curriculum of the seminarians, the relations between Seminary and State and, finally, some perspective for the future. Even if this study has an obvious scientific-historical characteristic, it presents a concrete opening towards the present time, that is described as the inheritor of a rich and living tradition, the real support for the future perspectives.

 

Dialog Teologic IX/17 (2006)

Dialog Teologic IX/17 (2006)
Moștenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican. II. Cuvântul și lumea, 292 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 17.

Alois BULAI
Constituţia dogmatică despre Revelaţia divină Dei Verbum
The raised problems by the Holy Bible’s study and the evolution of the exegesis during the period between the Tridentin Council and the second half of the 20th century stand at the based of the Dogmatic Constitution Dei Verbum, which is one of the most important documents of the Second Vatican Council. This document offered new perspectives in which the understanding of the Biblical text concerns and reinitiated the Catholic exegesis. This article offers an objective evaluation and a criticism of the actual situation about the lecture and the interpretation of the problems and of the major challenges to which the biblical formation has to respond.

Dei Verbum, în dialog cu pr. Ignace DE LA POTTERIE
The present dialogue underlines the importance of God’s Word in the Church’s life. The liturgical life, the theological declamation, the faith and the charity deeds base on it. For the Christian tradition, the Holy Bible contents the truth which God wanted to communicate, the truth for our salvation. Father Ignace shows that in the entirely of the Second Vatican Council documents this Constitution has a special place. It is the synthesis of the discussions about Revelation, about Tradition and about the Holy Bible and it answers to the natural questions regarding the God’s Word, the relation between Tradition and Holy Bible and the notion of inspiration. The interview concentrates on the major problems debated in this dogmatic Constitution and impels to a more profound acceptance of the horizons that it reveals.

Ştefan LUPU
Decretul despre apostolatul laicilor Apostolicam
Until the Second Vatican Council the lay Christian people had a rather passive role in the Church. The Council Fathers underlined the richness of the values that are to be found in the conscience of the lay Christian people, also the help that they can offer to the Church especially in the education, charity and missionary domain, a help that is irreplaceable. The Council proposed it self to make the lay Christian people aware about the fact that day are living limbs of the mystical body and that they must contribute lively to the Church’s life. This article presents the Decree about the lay people apostolate from the point of view of its implications in the structures of the other Council documents regarding the Church’s members.

Apostolicam actuositatem, în dialog cu d-l Guzmán CARRIQUIRY
Decretul Apostolicam actuositatem răspunde la o necesitate esenţială în Biserică, şi anume aceea de a preciza rolul şi locul pe care laicii îl ocupă în Biserică. Ei nu sunt nişte elemente statistice, lipsite de personalitate, ci sunt membre vii ale trupului mistic al lui Cristos care este Biserica. Printr-o colaborare activă şi constantă cu ierarhia şi clerul, ei pot să realizeze opere frumoase de apostolat. Interviul scoate în evidenţă acest deziderat al decretului şi oferă o interpretare obiectivă a realităţii concrete în care trăiesc creştinii laici şi în care pot să răspândească evanghelia, mai ales, prin exemplul personal.

Ştefan LUPU
Declaraţia privind libertatea religioasă Dignitatis humanae
Until the Second Vatican Council the lay Christian people had a rather passive role in the Church. The Council Fathers underlined the richness of the values that are to be found in the conscience of the lay Christian people, also the help that they can offer to the Church especially in the education, charity and missionary domain, a help that is irreplaceable. The Council proposed it self to make the lay Christian people aware about the fact that day are living limbs of the mystical body and that they must contribute lively to the Church’s life. This article presents the Decree about the lay people apostolate from the point of view of its implications in the structures of the other Council documents regarding the Church’s members.

Dignitatis humanae, în dialog cu P.S. Clemente RIVA
One of the fundamental aspects for mankind is the religious experience. The religious dimension is not something added to the man but it is an inherent gift. This is why it must never be constrained by the social-cultural factors. The dialogue shows that the Council Fathers, being aware of the religious freedom’s defection problems, voted the Declaration about religious freedom Dignitatis humanae, which is a major contribution to a greater cohabitation of men, not only as a response to the signs of our time, but also as an explaining of the Evangels principles. The Declaration Dignitatis humanae responds to the contemporary challenges: religious freedom, tolerance, the Church-State report, practical atheism, Evangels and the modern man.

Ştefan LUPU
Decretul privind activitatea misionară a Bisericii Ad gentes
The missionary activity has been a base characteristic of the Church and has remained the main way to spread the Evangels. The Decree about the Church’s missionary activity Ad Gentes has opened a new road for the missionary reflection and activity, been the fruit of many discussions and writings. This article presents the structure of the document and its insertion in the Church’s life.

Ad gentes, în dialog cu pr. Jesus LOPEZ GAY
Even from the time of foundation the Church has been sent by Christ to proclaim to the World the Gospel. Being aware of this mission of the Church and of the new problems with which the missionaries confronted, the participants to the Council have elaborated the Decree about the Church’s missionary activity Ad Gentes. This dialogue presents the steps in elaborating this document, the content and its structure, but also the novelty that this decree brings into the mission domain. The missionary dimension of Church, considered as an essential component of the Church, is now explained in the light of the Trinity relation.

Lucian FARCAŞ
Constituţia pastorală privind Biserica în lumea contemporană Gaudium et spes
One of the main goals of the Second Vatican Council was to show who is the Church and what is the message it wants to deliver to the today’s humanity. The crisis of the contemporary values, the technological and informational explosion, the changing of the moral values system have been some aspects that the Council Fathers had in mind when they elaborated the pastoral Constitution Gaudium et spes. The elaboration of this essential document has been followed by many criticisms regarding especially by the means of the dialogue with the world and by the Church’s receiving from the society’s behalf. This article develops a three-way presentation: the process of making the Constitution, the analysis of the document and of the echoes it generated and the new interpretations regarding the changing of some social and moral values.

Gaudium et spes, în dialog cu Mons. Lorenzo CHIARINELLI
Gaudium et spes has been a much waited document that generated some fierce controversy. For the elaboration of this document a group of Council Fathers, that rehashed the famous 13th Scheme, have worked intensively. Among these ones has been the Archbishop of Krakow, Karol Woityla. This interview presents the Council’s intention regarding this document, also how the document’s elaboration process took place and how can it be read today taking into account the signs of the present time, after 40 years from its promulgation.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Decretul privind mijloacele de comunicare socială Inter mirifica
The communication is a specific activity of man and it is indispensable to the civilized structures. To communicate means to inform, to spread an informative content that contributes to the development of the other. The Church realized the power of mass-media, the services that these ones can bring for the Evangels spreading. The Second Vatican Council promulgated the Decree Inter mirifica through which points out the live nature of Church’s reality and the necessity to communicate it to the public opinion. The present article analyzes the historical context in which the document was published, its long term applicability and the enormous possibilities that the correct utilization of the mass-media offers.

Inter mirifica, în dialog cu pr. Mariano FAZIO
The Church has been always preoccupied by the communicative phenomenon. The changes made by the mass-media in the 20th century have determined the Council Fathers to elaborate the Decree about the mass-media Inter mirifica. In this interview there are underlined the problems that lead to the elaboration of this document, the way in which it is structured in the new concept of the Church regarding the mass-media. The technological development that took place in the social communication area is considered by the Church as a manifestation of the man’s participation to the creative power of God. The importance of this document is demonstrated by the way in which it was applied by Pope Paul the VI and by its successor Pope John Paul the II.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Decretul privind reînnoirea vieţii călugăreşti Perfectae caritatis
The history of the Church has known a special spiritual flowering after the apparition of the consecrated life institutes. These ones have their own charisma and contribute to the spread of the Gospel by living the evangelic precepts in the world. The Council Fathers wanted to renew the monastic life in the spirit of closer listening towards the whispers of the Holy Ghost and towards the nowadays requirements of the society. This article points out the pastoral character and the fundamental norms of the consecrated life renewal.

Perfectae caritatis, în dialog cu pr. Arnaldo PIGNA
The interview treats about the necessity of the spiritual life renewal and about the tentative made by the Church in the favor of this renewal. Pigna underlines the fact that the Church has responded to the problems of man of every century. Through the Perfectae caritatis Decree the Church calls out to a spiritual renewal both the clergy and the believers regarding a unity and harmony based on charity. The Council offers precise indications to be putted into action: the fight against formality, the follow of Christ, the return to Gospel. After the Council, the popes along with the bishops have re-attested this necessity, advising to a life style based on charity activity.

Mihai PATRAŞCU
Declaraţia privind educaţia religioasă Gravissimum educationis
During its existence the Church took the initiative of numerous charity, cultural and civilization works that contributed to the human kind progress. In this way she fulfilled the mission of spiritual Mother of humanity. The declaration Gravissimum educationis sets the basis of real new and opened attitude of the Church in front of the education problems in the modern world. This attitude and also the consequences that evolved from this analysis make the object the present article.

Gravissimum educationis, în dialog cu P.S. José SARAIVA MARTINS
Catholic education has known an impressive development along the history. It has always been in the focus of the Church, mainly during the Second Vatican Council when it was discussed the necessity of reforming the spirit of education departing from the Gospel based Tradition. The interview points out these discussions and shows primarily the communitarian concept of the educational process in which the teacher-student empathy is essential for the formation both of the one that is educated and of the one that is educating.

Ariel Álvares VALDÉS
De ce evanghelistul Ioan nu descrie exorcismele lui Isus?
The author of this article shows that exorcisms have always been shrouded in mystery, in which fantasy and curiosity have led to all sorts of fictions, mostly far away from the truth. But exorcisms are not parades, shows or sensations. They are a reality that must lead us to reflection to an objective regard about the forces of Evil. The synoptic Evangels presents six cases of exorcises but the Gospel of saint John keeps absolute quiet. John did not wish to make public the exorcisms of Jesus because these ones made him a lot of trouble. Jesus was seen mostly as healer, as a magician because during his time many Jews were practicing Egyptian magical exorcising rituals. In the end the article underlines the facts that saint John didn’t want to present exorcisms of Jesus in the Evangels he wrote, because he didn’t want Jesus to appear as magician but as a teacher and redeemer of the world.

Vittorio POSSENTI
Fondamenti religiosi e laici della democrazia
Analyzing the phenomenon of democracy, Vittorio Possenti exposes the religious and laical fundaments of democracy. A true democracy that wishes to open the borders of a civilized world must maintain the feeling of affiliation to the humanity. The author thinks that democracy must stay away from the temptation of fundamentalism, that must promote the person and not the forms of selfishness. The democracy needs religion if it wants an undiluted man (one can not deny to a man the religious dimension). The rights of man should be the main program of a democracy. The author underlines some of the democracy principles: treating the person as a purpose and not as a mean (the man is in the world but it not belongs to the world), forming a nation in which there are to be respected both natural low and positive low, responsible freedom, an ethics that encourages the common good, the participation to the public life. The article pleads for an equilibrated democracy that has in its center the person.

Nils GYONS
Misiunea în America Latină
South America is one of the poorest continents on the globe. Having a population of 500 million inhabitants this area confronts with severe social problems such as drugs dealing, dictators, civil wars, guerilla fights, nutrition diseases, etc. In this article it is showed, that in spite of some contradictory aspects, the Catholic Church is very well represented because most of the population is Catholic. The reality of the South America is very tough but the Church has in this area a very efficacious missionary activity and the calls to the apostolate life are numerous. This continent that is very much alive and diversified in its mentality, culture or adaptation to the requirements of the contemporary life represents an interest and hope ambit for the Church.

Alois BIŞOC
Misiunea Bisericii în lumea contemporană
The Church is a complex reality that always tried to come in the reception of society’s needs. Living in a new era of human history the Church cannot remain disinterested in front of the impulses that receive from the society. Without disowning its identity and Tradition, it proposed to the world, through the works of the Second Vatican Council a new image of the homo Ecclesiae. The article points out the problems of the nowadays world and the actual relation between it and the Church, both during the Council but also in the period after.

Mario GIRARDI
„L’amore carattere proprio del cristiano”: le origini della spiritualità identitaria di s. Basilio
Monastic fraternities appeared as a consequence of the fact of being aware of the fundamental role that the Gospel must play in the life of every Christian. The author of this article shows that love must be the characteristics of truly Christian life, and among those that understood this there are two initiators of community life: saint Basil the Great and saint Benedict of whose rules represented a richness for the spiritual life of Church. The present article underlines that love is the peculiar characteristic of Christians and that saint Basil the Great fundaments this teaching on the Holy Bible, especially on the writings of the apostle Paul.

 

Dialog Teologic VIII/16 (2005)

Dialog Teologic VIII/16 (2005),
Moștenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican. I. Liturgia și Biserica, 250 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 16.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Moştenirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
This and the following number of the review Theological Dialogue are dedicated exclusively to the 40 years anniversary of the conclusion of the 2nd Council of Vatican (11 October-8 December 1965). At this occasion Msgr. Petru Gherghel, bishop of Iaşi, Msgr. Aurel Percă, auxiliary bishop of Iaşi, the professors of the Theological Institute of Iaşi organized a series of conferences, attended by all the priests who work in the Iaşi Diocese. The conferences took place in November 2005. The conferences are accompanied by some interviews of different personalities of Rome, which underline the content and subsequent development of the Magisterial and the manner how were intercepted the documents. The editorial presents historically and critically the „Council” notion, explains the general methodology of the conferences and offers some keys to interpret the reform (aggiornamento), which was desired by the 2nd Council of Vatican.

Tommaso STENICO
Il Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano II (11 ottobre 1962 – 8 dicembre 1965)
Unique and original event in the Church History, the 2nd Council of Vatican gave birth to a new stage in the Church life. The new Whitsuntide (this is the name given by the Pope John the XXIIIth) started the renewal and the reform in the Church offering to the Church a new image. The 16 documents of the Council (4 constitutions, 9 decrees and 3 declarations) became conspicuous by the practical indications that they content. Through this article, the author presents the principal events during the Council and the way of applying the Council’s indications.

Claudiu DUMEA
Constituţia despre liturgie Sacrosanctum Concilium
The first fruit of the Council was the Constitution about Liturgy Sacrosanctum Concilium, voted at 9 December 1963. This document was received with enthusiasm by the counciliar Fathers and was the result of series of long and contradictory discussions. It was the theological basis for the liturgical reform, reform which reaches its perfection by the promulgation of the Roman Missal, after the Council, in 1969. The article presents historically and structurally the text of this document, which is very important in the Church life.

Sacrosanctum Concilium, în dialog cu pr. Anscar J. CHUPUNGCO, o.s.b
The first discussed and sanctioned by the 2nd Council of Vatican document was the Constitution about Sacra Liturgia or Sacrosanctum Concilium. Following the promulgation of this constitution there were registered various reactions. The counciliar reform in some people aroused sentiments of gratitude or an exaggerated euphoria, in the others, unable to distinguish between the counciliar principles and their concretization, gave birth to a deep deception. However, a lot of local Churches rejoiced thanks to the fruits of the reform. Using the people’s language, the splendour of the rites, the active interest and involving the lays are gifts of the Council which are gladdening for us, today, and which interpellate every person, clergyman or lay.

P.S. Petru Gherghel
Decretul privind misiunea pastorală a episcopilor în Biserică Christus Dominus
The image of the bishop, like the legitimate successor of the apostles and the shepherd of the Christ’s herd, was the center of the discussions of the 2nd Council of Vatican. These discussions materialized at 28 October 1965 when the counciliar Fathers voted the text of the decree about the pastoral mission of the bishop Christus Dominus. The article presents the premises that led to the elaboration of this document and offers a practical view about it.

Cristus Dominus, în dialog cu P.S. Jorge M. MEJIA
The decree Christus Dominus forms a decisive stage in establishing the bishops’ mission, in outlining the true identity of the dioceses and of their shepherds. On the one hand it is presented the way that the bishop have to respect in practicing their service, and on the other hand it is expressed a clear legislative will, without omitting the indication of the way that has to be observed in revising the Code. This article underlines the double size, involved by the relationship between the bishop and the Church: with the universal Church and with the local Church that he leads. In this world, dominated by secularization, the bishop has to remain the principle of unity, who announce with authority God’s word, who celebrate the sacraments, assisted by the Holy Spirit. The decree, which has theological-pastoral content, wants to make aware the bishops about their mission and the dioceses about the dignity they are called to reach: to be part in the Church of the Christ.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Decretul privind formarea preoţească Optatam totius
Starting with the Council of Trent (1545-1563), the Church showed a great attention to the formation of the future priests. During the years, the popes gave a lot of indications to improve the modalities of formation, conforming to the pastoral milieu and the social conditions of the candidates. In 1965, at 28 October, the counciliar Fathers voted the decree Optatam totius. This document continues harmoniously the traditional principles of the seminarian formation, through the natural opening toward the legitimate exigency of this new time. In this article is presented the content of this decree which renovated the life in the seminaries and all the formation’s areas.

Optatam totius, în dialog cu P.S. José SARAIVA MARTINS
The decree Optatam totius occupies a special place between the documents of the 2nd Council of Vatican. This document, whose purpose is the priestly formation’s renovation conforming to the renovated image of the priest, is very close to Presbyterorum Ordinis, Lumen Gentium and to other documents, which discuss about the human, intellectual and pastoral formation of the future priests. The apostolic exhortation Pastores dabo vobis constitutes a survey of the fruits of Optatam totius and the reassertation of the programme which was suggested by the Council concerning the priestly formation.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Decretul privind slujirea şi viaţa preoţească Presbyterorum ordinis
One of the most important documents of the 2nd Council of Vatican was the decree about the priestly ministry and life Presbyterorum ordinis, promulgated at 7 December 1965. This text is the result of four schemes and even from the beginning shows the christological structure of the priestly figure. The priest is sent to the people of his time to speak about the Christ, co-operating with the bishop of the diocese; the aim of his life is to extol the Father in the Christ. The document insists on the importance that has to have the sacraments in the priestly life; without the sacraments his mission is bankrupt and harms to the Mystical Body. This article develops, in three parts, the radiography of the „counciliar” priest, and the author tries to show the applicability of the document in the daily priestly life.

Presbyterorum ordinis, în dialog cu Eminenţa Sa, Cardinalul Dario CASTRILLON HOYOS
Desired by the 2nd Vatican Council, the renewal work in the Church is in a peculiar way the outcome of priests’ efforts. This is why the Synod Fathers have considered that is more convenient to treat about the priesthood in a separate document. After presenting the nature of priesthood, the decree speaks about the priest’s role in the Church, about the priest’s ministry and about the life of priests. This dialogue wishes to offer a general view upon the Presbyterorum ordinis decree and the way in which the document must be read and interpreted.

P.S. Aurel PERCĂ
Episcopul – păstor al Bisericii locale şi păstrător al credinţei universale: tradiţie şi reînnoire a unei carisme fundamentale
In this article it is built a portrait of the attributions that a bishop has in the virtue of his ministry as shepherd of Christ’s flock. The bishop receives the sacrament of Priesthood in its plenitude and that is why he is called to exercise his ministry mission with a greater abnegation. The bishop has to be for his diocese a centre of communion, a criterion for brotherhood: the image of Jesus the Good Shepherd must be reflected in him. This is why, along with the people entrusted to him, he must continue the calling of Christ to be the salt of the land and the light of the world.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Constituţia dogmatică despre Biserică Lumen gentium
The Church is an institution desired and created by Jesus Christ, who is the Word of God the Father embodied for the salvation of man. It is an alive and extensive reality that has its own structure and a history which interpenetrates with the history of humanity. The 2nd Vatican Council tried to propose to the contemporary world different images of the Church, which remains the mystical body of Christ. The Church, being a creation of Christ and being permanently animated by the Holy Ghost, cannot be destroyed neither by the humans, nor by the powers of darkness. The dogmatic constitution about the Church Lumen gentium is the outcome of many discussions that took place many years before the Council, discussions that were perpetuated until the emergence of this extensive document. This article is a detailed presentation of this document that represents the identity card of the Church, summoned to come upon the real needs of today man.

Lumen Gentium, în dialog cu mons. Marcello SEMERARO
Among the Council’s documents the Constitution Lumen gentium takes a central place. It represents the best key to read the Council’s documents and it is also the main axis that stood at the base of those documents foundation. The Constitution reveals a new image of the Church: the Church is presented as the people of God and those who are a part of the hierarchical structure are considered as the ministers of Church. The Church is seen as a communion in whom all the members of God’s people participate at the triple minister of Christ: priestly, prophetical and royal.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Decretul despre Bisericile Orientale catolice Orientalium ecclesiarum
The Council Fathers proposed to discuss about the role and the place that the Church has in today’s world and it was natural also to talk about the different utterances of the Church’s Catholicism. One of these form of utterance is represented by the Oriental Catholic Churches, of which reminds us the decree Orientalium ecclesiarum. There is one such Oriental Church in Romania: the Greek-Catholic Church. What role has this decree in the Church’s life? Did it bring something new in the tradition of the Catholic Churches with Oriental rites? This article wishes to answer to these questions.

Orientalium ecclesiarum, în dialog cu pr. Edward G. FARRUGIA, s.j.
The decree, structured in six chapters, underlines the dignity of the Oriental Churches. The Christian Orient holds many authentic riches that must be preserved. The existence of these Oriental Churches, different from the Latin Catholic Church does not endanger the Church’s unity. The maintenance in the Orient of the Patriarchate structure doesn’t affect the hierarchical structure’s functioning of the Church. The promotion of these Churches has shed a better light upon the non-Catholic Oriental Churches. In the same time, this document brings a novelty: the Catholic Church is not just the Latin Church; Orient and Occident (East and West) are like the two lungs through which the Church breathes.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Decretul despre ecumenism Unitatis redintegratio
The ecumenism represents the sum of all ways, initiatives and instruments that took place for the accomplishment of Church’s unity. The scissions of the unity of the Church, apparently irredeemable, have been discussed by the Council Fathers who have elaborated the decree about ecumenism Unitatis redintegratio. This article presents the structure of the document and its application in the ecclesial context of Iassy Diocese and of Romania.

Unitatis redintegratio, în dialog cu mons. Eleuterio F. FORTINO
Rebuilding Christian unity has been one of the main purposes of the 2nd Vatican Council. This document has been the official adhesion of the Catholic Church to the ecumenical movement. The accomplishment of Church’s unity is a commitment of the whole Church and not a private initiative of one person. After it speaks about ecumenism and the relations between the Catholic Church and the separated brothers, the Council wishes to offer to all the members of the Catholic Church all the help, the ways and the means to re-establish unity. The practical methods which this document offers are the prayer and the direct dialogue with the other Christians. The approval of this document has lead to the apparition of the Secretariat for the Unity of Christians and to elaboration of some documents that refer to the remaking of the Church’s unity.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Declaraţia despre relaţiile Bisericii cu religiile necreştine Nostra aetate
The non-Christian religions have always been a trial mark for Christ’s Church. History is impregnated with numerous conflicts between the Church and the other religions. The 2nd Vatican Council affirms the liberty of a person to adhere to a religion and the fact that this liberty has to be respected and guaranteed. Also, religions must work together to the common good and to the progress of the society. The present article underlines these features of the Council’s document and brings them up-to-date through the exemplification of concrete actions made in the favor of inter-religious dialogue.

Nostrae aetate, în dialog cu Eminenţa Sa, cardinalul Francis ARINZE
The non-Christian religions become more and more present in our daily life. The expansions of non-Christian religions and of religious movements that come from these religions represent a real challenge for the Catholic Christians. The Christians from every country and region need to be well informed about the religions that exist in their territory. The fact that we live in a time in which have flourished very much the partnerships between nations has determined the Catholic Church to re-examine its relations with the non-Christian Churches and to propose a new way of dialogue.

Dialog Teologic VIII/15 (2005)

Dialog Teologic VIII/15 (2005),
Adevăr și moralitate în spațiul public, 269 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 15.

EDITORIAL

Wilhlem DANCĂ
Ce facem cu adevărul în spaţiul public?
Every man is searching to find out the truth. But in the public life the truth has turned into a relative conception and can be interpreted in every way one wishes, whether is for the advantage of some or for the disadvantage of others. In a world in which, among other things, it is pursued to have an ethics without truth, a metaphysics without fundaments, a Christianity without Christ, a sincerity without truth, a holiness without God and a politics without principles, peoples are still searching for the truth. There are many people wondering between the quick-sands of scepticism finding satisfaction only in the partially and casually truths. But there are also those who, willing to authentically and adequately study the truth, are helping the society to open itself towards philosophy and to philosophize and also, are supporting the Church in its mission of beeing in the service of the Truth. The returning to the recta ratio, to the normal, dialogical, opened towards the others and the Other rationality is possible and the participants to the International Congres „Truth and morality in public life” have been trying to point out this fact.

COMUNICĂRI

Î.P.S. Dr. Ioan ROBU
Biserica Catolică în Europa, astăzi
What is really the New Europe and what Christian values is still accommodating? What advantages and disadvantages presents a Europe who gives the felling that the man is able to manage without God? In today’s Europe a breakdown is revealed between the technical possibilities and moral strength: moral strength has not been developed along with the scientific development. If it is necessary that from the New Europe the respect of the human dignity and the respect of what is sacred for the other to be present, in the same way is necessary that in the united Europe to be developed a profound and clear dialogue with the other religions, dialogue that has to reflect and show to everyone the true nature of the Church.

Î.P.S. Dr. Daniel CIOBOTEA
Biserica Ortodoxă în Europa, astăzi
Romania joining European Union will be the biggest country with the Orthodox majority member of the European Union. The Orthodox Christians are watching the European Union either full of fear, either full of hope. Beyond these shared opinions, the Christian Churches from Romania together with the Judaic religion have expressed their support for Romania’s adhesion to the European Union. This adhesion is wanted with the hope that, next to what she will to receive, Romania will contribute to the enrichment of the spiritual and cultural European patrimony. The development work of the united Europe is seen as a new chance and challenge to express the fidelity to the Gospel, and in this way the Churches have to be together, have to be united.

P.S. Petru GHERGHEL
Omul de lângă noi, omul între bine şi rău
The man is capable to make real miracles of life and of history, but also a lot of disasters. What is man: an angel or devil? What is the role of man in the society and what is his purpose? The man carries in his soul, in his all being God’s image, becoming in this way the masterpiece and the crown of all creation. Regarding the nature of man, Bishop Petru Gherghel is referring to the affirmation of the Fathers of Church: Irineu from Lyon, Leon the Great and Thomas Aquinas. The morality of the human acts depends of the chosen object, of the followed purpose and in the circumstances of his action. The true value of the man of nowadays stays in his moral conscience. The Church must give all his riches of values and teachings for perfection of the man next to us.

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Morala comunicării adevărului. Dialogul dintre filozofie, teologie şi ştiinţă
The world where we live in suffers because of moral inertness which has at its basis at least the following crisis: the tragedy of atheist humanism, the dispute on universality and stability of moral laws and the separation between science and metaphysics. This world has to develop a dialogue between philosophers, theologians, science mans, and thanks to this dialogue every domain remains what is called to be: science – science, religion – religion. Globalization, the new scientific discoveries, the neutrality of science, the dangers of agnosticism and relativism are only some of the motivations which sustain the necessity of such dialogue. Communicating the truth is depending on the every human person’s basic exigencies. In this sense the article sustains the need for new ways of communicating the truth and the urgency of recovering the dialogue between philosophy, theology and science.

Edward McLEAN
Adevăr şi moralitate. Adevărul este cheia integrităţii
According to father McLean we are all, in our own way, seekers of truth. There are many pathways to truth. Science, philosophy, theology take us only so far on the search for that Truth which touches the heart and changes the lives of everyone. The words of the Master are not to be understood, but to be listened. The basic truth for our world today is that we are all children of the One God. The fact that we belong to the same family is the key to Morality, Integrity and Right Conduct within the family of God.

Yuriy PIDLISNYY
Adevăr, valoare şi proliferarea drepturilor
Francis Fukuyama said that rights spring directly from an understanding of what man is. The birth of proliferation of rights transformed political process and the notion of political life. It seems there is no more place reserved for the distinction between good and evil, right and wrong. Making good and evil, right and wrong equal in rights makes those who practice good and evil equally correct. Not only history accounts for man’s identity, but also his search for truth, authentic and good. If society legalizes all lifestyles, behaviors and practices, it abolishes distinction between good and evil, automatically introduces the only possible good: its own will. Today, for many, the question of truth is nothing but a question of taste.

Osman BILEN
Etica ecologică şi relaţia sa cu adevărul
The desire to live in a more healthy and peaceful world is part of this growing consciousness of environmental problems we face today. The concept of truth must meet the demands of moral choices we make regarding the environment. The human environment means both natural and social world we live in. In Koran we find that nature is the only place we live in, but its also a theater of moral life. Nature is created to receive the good results of moral activities of man and to aid man in its efforts to moral perfection.

Abelardo LOBATO
Antropologie şi acţiune politică. Preambul etic la politica justă
Is it possible the existence of a „true” politics which serve the man’s good and the society outside the ethic? Or, otherwise, can we talk about a politic deprived by ethics? The present conference tries to underline the report which must exist between ethic and politic: they must not be confused, neither completed separated, but they must be seen as distinct and complementary. Over this line of thinking, started by Aristotle and continued by Thomas Aquinas, must be placed the thinking and the political action of our days. It is necessary that every person in his political-ethical action must spotlight the pre-eminence of the ethic in the political activity. The man, individual human and the subject and the object of politic, must find his horizon, in which he is placed, for saving him from death: because after the death of God has been declared also the death of man. For saving him self, the human being must use his absolute liberty and all his other rights.

George McLEAN
Adevăr, bine şi moralitate
In the past morality has been seen as a set of prohibitions. In order to pursue real goods in a real manner it is essential that we judge things as they are in themselves. Truth is the essence of justice and justice is the essential context of the good, the sign of peace in social life. According to Kant, with regard to morality, it is a breakthrough to begin to appreciate the role and the responsibility of the human not only for responding to reality, but for shaping it also. Like a pair of glasses values do not create the object, but focus attention upon certain goods rather upon others. According to Aristotle, in order to make sense of the practical dimension of our life, it is necessary to identify the good or the value toward which one directs one’s life. The moral truth is the reason regarding whether the act makes the person and society good, meaning to fulfill, in an authentic way, the individual or the society. Moral freedom consists in the ability to follow our own conscience.

Gabriela BLEBEA NICOLAE
O viaţă adevărată sau o propoziţie adevărată
The present conference does not undertake to contradict the conjunction (mediated by «and») between a true sentence and a true life. It only seeks to see to what extent a true life is absolutely dependent on veracity. In other words, this paper’s aim is to find out whether or not truth-telling (i.e., sincerity) is the condition for leading a true life (evidently, a true life actually refers to a good, morally valid life). This question may seem naive or simplistic but it actually stems from the dramatism surrounding the fact that communist experience imposed denunciation as a norm for practical action. If the denunciation means giving true information, could the telling of truth be morally acceptable even when the life of an innocent person is endangered? I am going to carry this question over into an analysis of St. Augustine’s De mendacio. By analyzing through this text the distinction between betrayal and heroism, I hope to make it clear how the telling of truth under the circumstances of the communist kind of regime might either land us in the sinful area of betrayal or under the sign of courage, in the space of virtue.

Zbigniew WENDLAND
Problema obiectivităţii valorilor într-o lume pluralistă şi dialogală
The crisis of the present-day world is in its very essence a crisis of reason. The fall of reason is treated as the most important symptom and, simultaneously, the cause of the downfall of the whole Western civilization. It has come a time when we must look for another kind of rationality than metaphysical rationality or instrumental rationality which could better correspond to existing challenges of mankind. The professor’s proposal is to label this new kind rationality with the term dialogical rationality. Present-day philosophers arrive at the common conclusion that one will not succeed to reach something like the correspondence with the Absolute or with the reality like it is in itself. This does not mean that people will live, and should live, without any concept of objectivity, that is to say, without objectively grounded values.

Anton CARPINSCHI
Cultura recunoaşterii şi orizonturile adevărului
After presenting truth’s horizons and after demonstrating the need of comprehension, the conference underlines that the path towards the truth of self-recognition and recognition of another presupposes the permanent meeting of reason and faith. We find out that at the base of comprehensive truths’ configuration stands the profound connection between comprehension and recognition. The third part of the conference remains over the fallible man, over the hypostasis of human and the comprehensive truth, showing that the variety is the key of human nature, a plastic and malleable. Eventually our attention is drawn upon a culture of confession, being underlined again the importance of the connection between truth and comprehension. Of all this the culture of confession appears as a cultural synthesis of a mature humanity.

Valerius M. CIUCĂ / Paul TIBULEAC
De unde ar trebui să preia dreptul definiţia vieţii umane: din religie, morală ori din filozofia ştiinţei?
Thanks to the apparition of new phenomena and thanks to the fact that the yesterday unimaginable has become possible the juridical definition of human life is now imposed. But who is the most adequate to offer this definition: the priest, the philosopher or the scientist? Or in other words: religion, morality or the philosophy of science will offer the real definition of human life? The entire conference suggests, on an optimistic-realistic tone, the necessity of everyone’s collaboration since the answer falls on them in equal measure: there has to be a fruitful collaboration between the priest, philosopher, jurist and science man. Through their collaboration human life will have to receive its true definition.

Lucian FARCAŞ
Evaziunea morală. Omul între etică şi factologie
In the first part of this study, with a marked theoretical character, it is analyzed the condition of man called to live together with his neighbors. The quality of common life is offered by people’s fidelity given to truth, which, thus, becomes the foundation of communion between people. Further on, it is noticed the danger which threatens truth avowal in the social life, the gravest situation being the neighbor’s discrediting and, trough this, jeopardizing the common life. Understanding and avowing truth must cont of biblical exigencies concerning truth. This exigencies refer both to itself truth and to the importance of its avowing, to person’s and community good. Than it is analyzed what is not and what is lie and this is denounced like a grave form of destroying a culture which has to promote an authentic human pro-existence. The second part of the study, more practical, has in view the delicate situation in which the man can be forced at deceiving by necessity. There are not forgotten the conditions in which social-political mechanism practices an oppression of truth, and, trough this, a systematic destruction of man and of society. It is mentioned the importance of truth in publicity and in propaganda actual forms, emphasizing the good and the bad they could do. Finally, there are shown the special situations in which the professional secret and the persons who detain it must be protected.

Isidor CHINEZ
Tentaţia neîntreruptă a minciunii şi foamea de adevăr
Any moral value has its foundation in truth because good is the manifestation of good. The problem of truth and lie has been considered as having great importance in man’s life of all times. Man is measured by truth. The first lie is the simulation of truth by man himself. Man is tempted by lie and accepts the temptation of denying his ontological truth. Since the man is endowed with freedom, he is self-possession, trusted to him and disposing of him, but he did not offered by him this self-possession, instead he owns it to another. God puts his own infinite freedom in relation with the finite freedom of man. With his sinful presumption of wanting to be like God man has denied the truth of his being. For the modern man, his person has become the trustful point of reality. Lie knows today a collective and public dimension which amplified thanks to the social communications.

Alois BIŞOC
Misiunea Bisericii în lumea contemporană
In order to better involve in the life of nowadays world the Church must know this world and must take into account in its pastoral work of the social-cultural pluralism. A very complex phenomenon that characterizes the contemporary world is the secularization, an ambivalent phenomenon that has a global influence over Christianity. There aren’t few those who, thanks to the secularization process have ended to oppose the human primacy as an alternative to the primacy of God. Within a context in which the main problem is the report between the man’s primacy and admitting God’s existence, the Church must remain the one who shows man the plan of God with humankind, the meaning of man’s life and the purpose of its role in the world. Even if the post-modern world considers itself sometimes post-Christian, the Church remains capable to give man the most adequate answers.

MASĂ ROTUNDĂ I
Omul între adevărul credinţei şi adevărul raţiunii
The discussions have focused, in the beginning, over the elite: can we adumbrate a portrait of the elite, of a man who has truth as base and moral treasure as light? Continuing the discussion on this idea, the following problem came up: how much is supposed a leader, a personality to open up? It has to be open to anything and to anyone or it is too much in the present day? Another theme of the discussions has been the report that has to exist between the elite and the institutions. The report person-institution is important since without institutions, without structures, the elite, a personality may disappear. But, in the same time, we must keep in mind that not all the elites prefer the shadow of the institutions and therewith not all the institutions promote elite.

MASĂ ROTUNDĂ II
Omul între legea politică şi legea morală
The direction of this debate has been set by father Dancă through the following questions: How are able to dialogize the civil society and the Church, the State (political law) and the Church (revealed law)? What does the dialogue with others, with us, with God mean? Which are the dialogue’s conditions between the public and the private sphere? The discussions concentrated over the self-preservation perspective, over the task of philosophers, over the meaning of understanding the other, over the fact that nowadays man has lost the moral sense of good and evil, over the dialogue between the Church and the civil society on the line of truth, over the elegant way in which persons and institutions must dialogize. An interesting idea is the underlining of the three conditions: of space, of time and opening towards another, that are necessary for the meeting between those who are having a dialogue to have place.

Dialog Teologic VII/14 (2004)

Dialog Teologic VII/14 (2004),
Arhitectura și muzica sacră. Aspecte pastorale, 230p., 17×24, 8 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 14.

 

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Dialogul dintre artă şi credinţă
Concrete reality, often dejectet, of architecture, song and art from our churches, as an inevitable result of modern rend between faith and art represents the starting point of this article. The necessity of dialogue between art and faith is pointed out by the radiography of the concrete situation and especially by theological, pastoral, historical and factual motivations. Local Church of Iassy has resumed, in a own way, and tried to put in practice the countless exhortations of Popes and Councils, especially the ones of Second Council of Vatican, regarding art and its dialogue with faith. This number of „Theological Dialogue” follows the same line.

DIALOGURI

Î.P.S. Ioan ROBU
Biserica să arate a biserică. Dialog realizat de W. Dancă
It would be great if the dialogue between art and faith would be found interesting especially by those who are „specialists” in their domain, equally meaning artist and priest. In H.E. Ioan Robu’s opinion, the church must look all the time like a church; symbolic evasion, colorless architecture cannot be appeals to the mystery, cannot keep you together, linked with yourself, introvuted. New churches, true moral and spiritual guiding marks for people, on one hand, and on the other hand, ruins, churches that almost colapse represent our actual universe; lights and shadows (a very interesting point of view about relation „light”-„church”) give the challenge to have true and open churches.

P.S. Petru GHERGHEL
Biserica frumoasă este biserica plină de lume. Dialog realizat de W. Dancă
The „church” concept, in romanian language, refers, on one hand, to „the house” where the people of God is gathering, and on the other hand, to the gathering of the faithfuls itself; this dialogue is build in these two directions. The impressive number of churches and pastoral centers which were build or rebuild in the Diocese of Iassy during the communist period, in very difficult conditions, and also after 1990, it would represent nothing else than the work of the faith belonging to the generations in times gone by, if they would not be filled with people now and in the future. The walls, no matter how big and beautiful, cannot bring the worship that the people bring to the Father in spirit and truth. The church is for man and inside man; in the same way, man should be for the church and, why not, inside the church as many times possible.

Ana BLANDIANA, Romulus RUSAN
Anton Durcovici, piatră vie a Bisericii. Dialog realizat de W. Dancă
The keeping of an impressive historical arsenal, mostly unsearched, and also bringing extraordinary vestiges and important witnesses in front of the young generations, making in this way a good exercise of memory, are only two important subjects of the „Sighet Memorial”. With passion for truth and justice, with a remarkable scientifical professionalism, the authors want to tell us that the one who forgets the past is convicted to repeat it, especially in its darkest moments. The bishop Anton Durcovici, in the memory of whom we gather every 10th December, represents the gift of God for the local Church of Iassy, martyr, which means a brave confessor of the Catholic faith, who was not seduced by the temptations of people who did not need God. In this period when we face the stunning information bombardement we must not forget; more over according to possibilities and gifts that we received we must blow out the dust that covers the testimonies of our ancestors, because these testimonies speak to us.

COMUNICĂRI

Vladimir PETERCĂ
Templul de la Ierusalim
The author starts this article with an actual image of Jerusalem, where are very well represented the three major monotheist religions with their followers: jews, christians and muslims. One after another, the presentation of Jerusalem reveals both geographic location and historical, religious and political importance of David’s throne. This study presents a well documented history of Jerusalem temple building and temple evaluation during its important moments of existence. The author, after he gives us informations about Solomon, the temple’s builder, and about the building process, points out the meaning which the construction of the temple had as a birth certificate and recognition of jewish nation among the nations of Middle East. In the end it is underlined the importance of the temple and Jerusalem itself, and also the role which they had in Jews life as an image of God’s providence among them.

Gheorghe POPA
Arhitectura eclezială ortodoxă. Câteva semnificaţii simbolice şi puterea lor de edificare morală
The goal of this study is the interpretation of orthodox ecclesial architecture from its perspective of symbolic significations and their power in Christian’s moral edification. In order to demonstrate that the church is the house of God, the author presents some Church prefigurations from the Old Testament. Thus, first of all, he shows that the church is a organized and devoted space where God meets man. The community which gathers at the Holly Mass around the Chalice is the Church herself, and the presence of Christ in this community is suggested by the architecture and the paintings inside the church. In this way the author underlines the connection which exists between the faithful community and the Church. Communion with Christ in Holly Spirit, integrally lived in Church, slowly and peacefully transforms the human being. The new man is not convinced by faith, but impenetrated by it. This new person is connected with the others by faith, by deeds and by love, and it is capable to contemplate God in all creation like in a mirror.

Anton DESPINESCU
Saxa loquntur. Mărturii despre trecutul catolicilor din Moldova
The rock, an element that has a great receptivity of recording and durability, has the capacity to open beams of lights in a far away and darken past. In east of Carpathians this simple modality, but very expressive, of preserving a specific way of life, has its importance. Historical, archeological and literary analyse made by the author, dissipates a part of history’s ignorance fog over Moldavia’s Catholics identity. Great churches, such as the Cuman’s Episcopy, or those from Siret, Baia, Săbaoani and Cotnari, ruined by the passing by of time, speak about a Catholic presence in this area. Next to this impressive archeologic informations, there are also literary sources nevertheless important as well, which add their already established partiture to the archeologic harmony.

Emil DUMEA
Monumente paleocreştine din Dobrogea
Based only on archeological sources, numerous and credible, the author gives us a general point of view over Dobrogea’s paleochristian monuments, which bring informations about important and powerful Christian communities. There are analyzed not more than 14 places that had one church at least, which ruins still can be investigated. Very important is the fact that these monuments were build close related with the absolute Christian testimony, the martirage. Next to this places where the archeological traces are still visible and already have been studied, there are another 21 places which are reminded in literary sources of having Catholic communities and churches, but the archeology cannot tell us anything about them yet. In the end of this article there is an interesting point of view about the metropolitan See of Tomis and his jurisdictional and canonical importance over the other episcopal Sees of Scythia Minor.

Iosif ENĂŞOAE
Biserica, loc privilegiat de întâlnire între Dumnezeu şi poporul său
Both in Old Testament’s and in New Testament’s history we can find privileged places of meetings between God and His people. Taking over and fusing synagogue’s and temple’s reality, the Church wanted from eternity by the Father, founded by Christ at the completion of times and guided by Holly Spirit, is Christian’s sacred place, central point which concentrates and gives sense to all existence of the Christian community. In the first moment, the Church made by stone is a building that cathechizes, starting from its geographic location and ending with each architectural element that is present in it. In the second moment, the author sees the Church within divine salvation plan; the Church is a sign of God’s divine will to redeem all mankind, initiative to which the people responds through praise, gratitude and reverence. The article continues with a discourse over the Church as a sacred place of divine presence, and ends with the image of Church, seen as the hope of mankind.

Lucian FARCAŞ
Rolul cultului şi al culturii în formarea creştinului
The religion cannot be transmitted only in a cognitive or cathechetic way, because it embraces the entire human being and communicates unconditional fundamental experiences for man’s existence and for his life’s meaning, but the religion must be exposed in all the ways that are able to bring it to man and through which man can come in contact with it. The challenge released by the author is simple and, in the same time, complex and powerful: can we use today in our religious didactic presentation other ways than only those with a strict cognitive content? For example, can we searched for access ways to religious values even on esthetic and semiotic ways? The liturgy considered as a concentrate explosion of religion, life unity of contents which are meant to be learned, passing on to „the game” and to „the drama” with biblical inspiration, which are seen as a communication that passes through experience and finishing with a highly important form of spiritual teaching, which is „didactic of private religious practice”, these are just a few important points that the author proposes us in a very original and interesting analyse.

Eduard SOARE
Muzica liturgică – artă devenită rugăciune
Singing is one way through which man use to express his feelings and becomes in Christian liturgy a way of dialogue with God. To underline the importance of the music in religious life, the author makes a short historical incursion starting with Old Testament and ending with the latest documents of the Church. After this incursion, the study makes distinction between liturgical, religious and sacred music. Music has to fit in liturgy, to express the characteristics of Church: internalness, unity and communion. Religious music has to offer the means to express, to live, to transform the liturgic life into pray.

Viorel SAVA
Cântarea şi arta bisericească în tradiţia bizantină. Locul şi semnificaţiile lor în cadrul cultului divin
In the Oriental tradition, divine cult preaches dogma, protects it, expresses it in an easy language and experiments it in liturgical life. Dogma is the one that gives authority, authenticity, profundity to the liturgical prayer. Church singing and Church’s art are both component elements of the divine cult. They do not appear exteriorly in liturgical life like something added after, but in interior like elements belonging to it, and determined by it. After he makes a short review over the different history phases of Church singing, the author offer us a spiritual perspective of understanding church singing like an „angel occupation”, enumerating and explaining some of the works of the singed prayer. Going forward, it is presented an explaining panorama of ecclesiastic art signification within liturgical life, that ends with the salience of the unificating vocation belonging to Oriental singing and art, in a more and more divided world.

Florin SPĂTARIU
Muzica în gândirea filozofico-teologică medievală
The introductive part of this article offers us a perspective look over Middle Ages art, philosophy and theology domains, that cannot be understood separately, because the Middle Ages vision is unitary in principles; the conflicts are being reduced, most of the times, only to details. In the second moment, the author analyses music in the philosophic-theologic point of view, from the beginning of the Middle Ages, which is dominated by the speculative aspect, and later he describes practical aspects of music which was underlined in scholastic’s philosophical and theological mentality. The Middle Ages through its love towards art, remain an authentic partner for dialogue in our „detailed” world.

Claudiu DUMEA
Cântul în liturgia romană. Muzica cerească şi muzica pământească
Music has always been fascinating; gift made by God to all mankind, is in the same time the language of God. Singing has always been considerated the most solemn manifestation of religious feeling, the highest expression of praise, adoration and gratitude brought to God. It’s role in liturgy is not adjacent or contingent; continuing the tradition of the Jewish people, Christians are a people that sing. Knowing all these, not rarely music enters in conflict with the liturgy; the danger of false inculturations has been present in the beginning of the Church and is also present now. Because of this, the author describes the role of singing in liturgy, and later he gives some general norms, among which, in a special way, are presented a few norms about singing at the Mass.

Gabriela ENĂŞESCU
Dumnezeu în muzica lui Händel şi Bach

Even if in the world of ideas transactions are difficult to accomplish, this study takes us with an relentless impetus towards another world, the world „beyond”, still taking into account the fact that, no mater how high we would fly, our legs always touch the ground. Two colossus of music are given as an example of receiving God in human being. At G. F. Händel’s terrestrial brilliance represents the specific character, even if the heaven’s glances are presented in all his work as a sparkle from outside. J. S. Bach’s music instead is like a potion which a soul drinks it to end the thirst for God. From anywhere we start the music impenetrates us, opening our being towards God.

 

Dialog Teologic VII/13 (2004)

Dialog Teologic VII/13 (2004)
Perspectivele evanghelizării în lumea de azi, 260 p., 17×24, 8 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 13.

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm Dancă
Evanghelizarea şi îndreptarea privirii spre Cristos
The present editorial explains the genesis of the 13th Theological Dialogue magazine edition that takes over the international discussion documents organized by the Roman-Catholic Theological Institute of Iassy during the March 8th and 9th 2004. The great number of participants, their confessional and professional diversity – Catholics and Orthodocs, students and teachers, clerics and lay people – but also the special quality of the conferences and discussions applied to the given themes are the empirical proof of the fact that, in spite of all bets and negative statistics regarding the fate of Christianity in the post-modern period, the world of today is willing to listen to the Gospel. In this case, the evangelizers’ mission consists in the reorientation of post-communist and post-modernist man’s look and existence towards Christ’s mystery.

COMUNICĂRI

Anton Carpinschi
Nevoia de filozofie politică în lumea de astăzi
The need of political philosophy has always been integrated within the horizon of human’s social existence. On the other hand, the present article also wishes to make a short presentation of the laid effort in the common welfare administration, mostly in the modern and nowadays period. Although willing to analyze in what manner the today’s political philosophy still reflects the human needs and the social realities, the author observes that it has become more speculative and reactive than comprehensive and prospective. In consequence, knowing that the new political knowledge’s openings and perspectives depend mostly on the way that the various types of political theories correlate to the modernity’s legacy and to the post modernity challenges, the author’s approach is a methodological one. So there is proposed to outstrip of scientism, of ethics and of historicism, but also there is proposed the rehabilitation of practical philosophy, very good bounded with the philosophical conscience of the opening, of the plurality and complementarity and also with the permanent exercise of the human reflexivity in the aspiration toward wisdom in the common welfare administration.

Alois Gherguţ
Cuvântul sacru şi era consumismului. O abordare psiho-sociologică
An authentic reproposal of the sacred message in the consuming era cannot leave aside the multiple socio-cultural’ transformation endured by the nowadays man. In a clearly psycho-sociological key the author distinguishes the presence of a certain non-balance between the aspiration and the behaviour of the contemporary man. This state of being it is translated concrete by the apparition of new forms of social and psychic enslavements – devices to influence the human belief -, by the desperate chase for earnings, which puts in many times under question the values inherited from generation to generation, and last by the attitude of indifference toward the religious values or by the superficial and emotional perception of the Gospel’s message. The new evangelization must in this case identify and offer a new perspective in the perception and the understanding of divinity, which to make it known and lived according to the socio-cultural conditions of the contemporary society. Only in this way the mind and the heart of many people will be able to be reoriented towards an authentic Christian faith.

Wilhelm Dancă
Omul recent şi noua evanghelizare
Starting from two terms – new and recent –, towards the contemporary spirit has a certain predilection, this study enlarges upon the missionary speech of the Church, situating itself in this manner in an anthropological perspective. The author’s intention, as he confesses, is to show that the raised man within the modern rationalism’s horizon – horizon that has become universal through science and technology – cannot and mustn’t remain only recent. And the evangelization also – which propose itself to take the contemporary man out of the nowadays cultural and religious dead end – cannot and mustn’t remain only new. In the end, the new evangelization it is not only a manner resumed to a simple method or some words. This fight for the world’s soul regards the man’s life itself. It is the renewal of the meeting with the generations’ man that has fallen away from Christ and from the Church. It is this man’s taking out from non-sense, from frustration, from boredom and from despair. It is also the Gospel’s announcing, the good news about Jesus Christ in whom God shows it’s total and true love towards every man. Fully recovered, the man could take himself out of nihilism’s whirlpool, in which everything is relative, evanescent and fragmentary, and will be able to draw back from its memory the substantial things, whether it is about the Christian message or the fundamental elements of the human being.

Gheorghe Petraru
Evanghelizare şi mărturie creştină prin cult
This study is regarding the evangelization function of the liturgical cult, which is the live expression of true Christian faith living. An eventual separation of the liturgical dimension from the Church’s missionary action would make from the evangelization a pure human action or a simple religious ideology. The author structures his speech in two parts. In the first part, a special attention it is given to the evangelization function of the sacred language, the sacred text – brought up to date and paraphrased in the poetical-liturgical Church’s creation, which is considered as the first step in communicating with God. In the second part, the author is referring to the sacramental dimension of the liturgical cult, especially to the Holy mess and to the Eucharist, a participation in time, through the Holy Ghost’s graces, to the eschatological reality of god’s kingdom.

Vladimir Petercă
Noţiunea de sărăcie în Biblie şi în lumea de astăzi
The church has always had the conscience of Christ’s Gospel preaching mission’s universality, of its duty to announce God’s kingdom to all mankind, regardless of social status or material wealth. Knowing the social problems that tare apart the contemporary man’s life, the author wishes to determine the impact and the endings that the new evangelization must have on the society’s lowest parts, especially on the poor and needy ones. First of all, the study concentrates upon the biblical concept’s development of poverty. Following the salvation history, the author presents us the material poverty, especially in the Old Testament period, in which many times the prophets’ demands are real social protests (Am 8.4-6; Michae 3.2-7; Is 3.13-15). After this, the study’s accent moves upon the poverty’s social dimension, especially in the New Testament period. The author analyzes closely the Mountain preach (Matt 5.3) and the story of the foolish rich man (Luke 12.16-21). The poverty becomes in this way the fundamental disposition required to all those who wish to enter in God’s kingdom. In the second part of the article, the author follows the poverty concept in the recent teachings of the Church, especially in pope John Paul the second’s document Ecclesia in Europa and in the emitted document of the SE Europe’s Bishops Conference Poverty: a challenge for the Church. So, in order to receive and to serve the poor ones we must receive and serve Christ itself. This means the duty to announce the Gospel of hope bringing proof that all men are loved equally by God.

Eduard Ferenţ
Noua evanghelizare a Bisericii Romano-Catolice de Iaşi de-a lungul Sinodului Diecezan de la Iaşi (08.12.2001 – 08.12.2004)
The author underlines that, even from its opening, the Iasi’s Roman-Catholic Church’s Synod has proposed itself to assimilate the sacred doctrine of the Second Vatican Council and the teaching of the Pope’s John Paul the second, just as it has been formulated in the twelve speeches pronounced by his Sanctity with the occasion of the apostolically and pastoral visit that he made in Romania during the May 7th -9th 1999. This study analyzes from the dogmatic point of view the stimulus Duc in altum and records that the synod’s motto coincides with the new evangelization of the Iassy’s local Church. This work has been requested by the Pope in the mentioned documents. According to the author, the evangelization means the proclamation that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and human’s Redeemer, proclamation that wishes to lead to the enrichment of man in Christ. After he analyzes the evangelization mission in four paragraphs – the local ecclesial context of the new evangelization; who is the local Church of Iassy; the evangelized and the evangelizator local Church; Mary, the mystic star of the evangelization – the author formulates a conclusion in which he states that during the synod’s period the local Church has became more conscious of the fact that Christ’s self-giving through word and in the Eucharist is really making the Church. The answer to this self-giving of God’s Son is the gratitude towards the local Church, because through the sacraments of initiation administered by this Church, lot of people that lived on the Moldavian land have been introduced into the redeeming mysteries and transformed in missionaries in a forever young world.

Vittorio Possenti
Cambiare la natura umana? Biotecnologie e questione antropologica
The present article analyzes the thesis according to which the modern technologies to improve the physical life postulate an adequate knowledge of the human being and its primordial necessities. After the latest events that occurred in this domain this hard penetrating element has become more problematic. In consequence, the author wishes to look into the significance of the human nature concept, presenting from the philosophical and not from the theological point of view different ways of understanding the concept under discussion. In this case, the reference to Habermas J. and Fukuyama F. seems inevitable. With the help of Habermas we can track the future human nature identification, with a pronounced ethical character. With Fukuyama we can remake the human nature concept in a key that can be called neo-aristotelique. The author’s opinion is that the human nature cannot be changed, even if there can be modified lots of accidental elements from the human being when applying the modern technologies from the medical domain. Also, neither the human and social relations can be influenced: the human person cannot ever be modified in its base structure. Because it is an individualized human nature within a singular entity the person is guarantee of man’s unity. The present article contains some justifications for the thesis above, shortly analyzing the disease and therapy concepts and analyzing a little more the risks that the reduction understanding of a reality’s content can have. In the end the author shows how important it is the correct understanding of the human nature concept in domains such as philosophical anthropology, bio-ethics, and also political, moral and educational sciences.

Flavio Pajer
L’educazione cristiana e il nuovo umanesimo
The author observes that occidental civilization knows a progressive diminution of ethical, religious and symbolical values because it is far away from man and his real needs. In the first part, the author presents different humanism perspectives from the 20th century and points out their partial and sometimes contradictory character. This character is inherited by the post-modern humanism, which represents a true challenge for the Christian education. The post-modernity’s challenge presents more elements: the gathered presence of some visions about the world; the significance loss of a certain type of anthropology and Christian education; the person’s unity which is threatened by a vast set of structural and cultural ruptures (the rupture between progress and the spiritual values, the radical distinction between the public and the private sphere); the lack of Christian acts cultural consistency. In the second part, the author makes evident the necessary conditions to answer man’s moulding challenge in the post-modern period. Here are a few examples of these conditions: the complexity’s criteria assumption, the wisdom growth strategy identification and the answer to the ethical imperative of personal responsibility. In the end, the author takes over the pope’s John Paul the second’s stimulus from the Fides et Ratio encyclical (no. 107) and pleads for a better look deep down in the human being inmost parts, where it is forming the wish for truth and ration.

Wilhelm Müller
Provocările evanghelizării în Asia: cazul Chinei
The Asia’s evangelization is regarded by the author as a challenge for the solemn mission given by Jesus Christ to his apostles. The author also underlines the enormous energies invested in this mission’s realization and the Church’s presence result on the Asian continent. The main historical moments of Asia’s evangelization and China’s especially: the apostolic evangelization through saint Bartholomew and saint Thomas, the Franciscan and Jesuit evangelization through saint Francis Xavier and through Matthew Ricci, and the rites controversy are being presented. The author brings out the actual problematic of Church’s missionary’s activity in China, underlining both the positive aspects that impel the community on the road of Christian faith (churches and sanctuaries, seminaries and monasteries, ways of communication) and painful historical aspects that mark the life of this community (the on-going persecution, the Church’s authority’s crisis and its division in the Peter’s jurisdiction, the stressed diplomatic relations with the Holy See). The evangelization does not encounter difficulties from the other religions part, but contrarily the difficulties are generated by the materialism, by the will of power and moral conscience decay. So the challenge of today’s China evangelization is tight related with the entire world’s Christian faith situation being a provocation for the entire Church’s faith life.

Gerard Njen
A fi creştin şi a fi african
Monsignor Njen presents in an attractive and a full of life style the history and the evangelization situation of Africa. He also tells about the biggest representative men of modern African Christian culture, such as Arinze cardinal and reverend Jean Marc Elá and about his personal experience. Being Christian in the African society of the nowadays world means, above all, to recognize yourself as a Christian, means to love your socio-cultural environment to which you belong, to appreciate its good and bad parts, receiving the Christian legacy, saving it and passing it forward.

 

Dialog Teologic VI/12 (2003)

Dialog Teologic VI/12 (2003)
Apologia creștinismului și provocările modernității, 242 p., 17×24, 8 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog12.

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm DANCĂ
Pentru adevăr: Petru sau Pilat?
The editorial underlines the fact that, the circumstances in which we live, the important matter is the attitude towards truth, that seems corrupted and confused; it can see that we aren’t prepared to search and accept the truth. Amongst other causes it indicates that the nowadays man is invaded from all parts by contradictions, falsity, lies and errors. Given the fact that the reaction used in confronting with the drawbacks is very weak, the Church must to assume the mission to announce the liberating force of the truth with more courage and conviction. Starting from two models of attitude towards truth – Peter wich goes away and then comes closer towards truth and Pilat wich is indifferent towards truth -, the editorial pleads for the attitude of saint Peter, the one that failed deceiving and denying the Christ but, finally, he found the way to the Truth.

COMUNICĂRI

Rino FISICHELLA
Apologetica moderna e le sfide del mondo contemporaneo
In this article, the bishop Fisichella sustains the fact that the tasks that belong to the fundamental theology must be rethought in modern terms, because the cultural context of nowadays is profoundly changed by the carthesian „cogito” and by the subjective dimension of the human knowledge, introduced by Kant. This cultural situation verifies itself especially in the Occident, where the fundamental theology makes huge efforts to reach an answer to some questions, as: „Who is the man?”, „What is nature?”, „Who is God?”. Even if this cultural environment is hard to define, the apologetics proposes with force the necessity of the truth and its relation with the truths of the Christian faith. Thus, the author shows that it is necessary to talk today about the truth, with a lot of passion, courage and love. But what truth are we talking about? We are talking about a truth that demands the identity of the subject that has to explain to an interlocutor why and how he has to speak about it. Thus, for a theologist, the truth has a face, and that face is Jesus of Nazareth. In the key of the modern philosophy, truth means love and liberty. But, nowadays, the question of truth implies the question of the true religion, therefore the relations between religions that, as corresponding to the teachings of the 2nd Vatican Council, must be characterized by respect and dialogue. Finally, the author invites everyone to search and to tend to the truth.

Ştefan LUPU
Adevărul în teologia sfântului apostol şi evanghelist Ioan
The author of the article starts from the classical become question, „what is the truth?” and intents to discover if there is a specific Christian concept of truth. The fundament of the study is constituted by the writings of saint apostle and evangelist John, the one that imprinted with his vision the Christian conception of truth. Thus, in the first part of the article, the author shows the originality of saint John’s concept of truth, in comparison with the Hebrew tradition, on one side, and the Greek and gnostic tradition, on the other side. In the second part, the author analyses the various texts of John that refer to the truth, structuring them in three categories: Christ and the truth, the Holy Spirit and the truth, the Christian and the truth. From this analysis, results that the truth in its Christian dimension, in comparison with the profane conceptions, is more complete and synthetic. It reunites in itself the various aspects that we see developing, isolated, in other systems. The unifying element of the Christian synthesis is the idea of revelation. The term of truth, in the Christian sense, doesn’t indicate God in itself, as the classical metaphysics did, but God’s revelation. In the Christian language, „the truth of God” isn’t the divine substance, but the revelation that comes from God, the revelation of his mysterious redeeming plan that found its definitive fulfilment in Jesus Christ. The Christian conception of the truth, is totaling. It is, in the same time, the memory of the past, an opening towards God’s mystery, the eschatological hope and the existential assimilation. These four dimensions of the Christian truth can be lived only in faith, hope and in a life of love.

Eduard FERENŢ
Cristologia lui Hans Urs von Balthasar (1905-1988)
Before making an introduction in the theological thought of Hans Urs von Balthasar, the author of this study introduces the reader in the personal life of the Swiss theologist, pointing the important moments of his sacerdotal life. The essential elements of Balthasar’s cristology, are described starting from some fundamental notions: the supernatural, the beautiful supernatural, and the kataloghia or the praise of God through humility. In conclusion, the author of the study sustains that the specific of Balthasar’s cristology is the brilliance of the AllBeautiful who, taking body from the womb of Mary, praised his Father through the humility and the kenoze of silence in the Great Friday of the crucified and buried. Thus, corresponding to Balthasar’s theology, Christ is the historical figure of the unseen God, the universal – concrete, the pleroma of the deity that, recapitulating the revelation, plenary and definitively manifests the love of God, therefore, saving or redeeming man. In this Allbeautiful Man, every ideal becomes reality.

Mihăiţă BLAJ
Teologia pluralistă a religiilor
The article underlines the fact that for the 3rd millennium Christian theology, the religious pluralism is a true instigation. This thing is confirmed by the numerous discussions concerning the theology of the religions, discussions that have different new tendencies: – eclesiocentrical, theocentrical with a normative christology, theocentrical with a non-normative christology – and paradigms: regnocentrical, logocentrical and pneumatocentrical. The study concentrates upon the pluralistical theology of the religions, a theological current appeared in the recent modernity, and illustrates his premises: the radical transcendence implies an apophatical discourse, the revelation has a symbolical character, the experience implies the perspectivism, the salvation is the hermeneutical criteria of the religious truths. The central problem in this recent theology is of an christological perspective; thus, the surpassing of the theocentrical paradigme means the ignoring of Christ (Jesus Christ is a myth, Christ isn’t Jesus, Christ is an illustrate unknown, the Logos is the radical transcendent, Christ isn’t Mesia). The author theologically evaluates these tendencies and pleads for Christianity as the „religio vera” and shows that, in the order of the salvation, Jesus Christ has an unique and universal role.

Vittorio POSSENTI
Noi che non sappiamo affatto che cosa sia la persona umana

The article tries to respond to this questions: what makes the man be a human and a person? That is why, first of all, a short incursion in the philosophical background of today; second of all, a few frame elements about the question of man in the modern philosophy. Thus, the author passes to the analysis of the characteristics of the person, that from an ontological point of view, moves around three key concepts: dignity, truth and freedom. Together with saint Tomas d’Aquino, one affirms: that „persona significat id quod est perfectissimum in tota natura, scilicet subsistens in rationali natura” and it is especially underlined that the human person is a center of dynamic unification, is a concrete totality, that shows itself in the analysis of the relation between dignity and liberty. After a short digression upon the reductionism and of upon what is irresistible in man, the author verifies the dignity of the man in two domains, today, in crisis: the idea of humanism and the „literal” education from universities. Finally, the author pleads for a humanism that represents the tension towards the realization of the essence or of the human nature and a formation road that should be penetrated by the truth-principle.

Cludiu IANUŞ
Dimensiunea antropologică a mişcărilor religioase contemporane

In our days, the birth and the proliferation of the new religious movements takes place in the background of a cultural rupture. The phenomenon of the new religious movements’ apparition is an invitation for the members of the Church to analyze and to recognize their responsibilities for the apparition and the proliferation of these new forms of religiosity. The article presents and evaluates from a Christian point of view two movements, which the author has considered more challenging in the local context – in the way it infiltrates and wins followers (the New Age movement), through the good organization, the number of adepts, and the exaggerated missionarism (the witnesses of Iehovah). Finally, the article pleads for the great anthropological affirmation of the Church of Christ in the beginning of the 3rd millennia: the mystery of the man won’t be understood but in the mystery of Christ.

Andre MATTHEWS
Quo vadis knowledge? Quid ulterius? In search for a solution to the epistemological crisis
The article searches to respond to three questions: The first: what is the real situation of the knowledge today? To find an answer, the author analyses the ideas on this theme, expressed by two contemporary philosophers: J. Habermas and J.-F. Lyotard, which bring us to the conclusion that knowledge means experiencing of a crisis situation. Thus, a second questions: how can we exit this situation of crisis? Concerning this, the author lines these movements of the modernity and post-modernity that have the role to find the direction, the unity, the validity and the finality of the different forms of knowledge. Finally, a third question appears: what is the solution to the present epistemological and cultural crisis? The author expresses the conviction that the knowledge under all forms and richness needs a new spinal column: the metaphysics.

Ioan TAMAŞ
Instrumentele de comunicare socială în legislaţia Bisericii

In this study, the author expresses his opinion concerning three fundamental problems that structure the problem of the social communication instruments in the canonic legislation: a) the Church right to possess such instruments; b) the entire Church (bishops, priests, laymen, monks) must unite themselves in the apostolate of the social communications; c) the use of these instruments must not harm in any way the faith and Catholic morale. In essence, a trinome might be used: to have – to use – to supervise. The present code treats about the social communication in nine canons. Two of them, 822 and 823, constitute the first part of the title De instrumenti communicationis socialis et in specie de libris. The other seven canons are placed in different sections of the code. Moreover, there are two canons (722 §2 şi 831 §1 şi 2) that treat separately about newspapers, radio and television. The present work condenses in unum these norms, taking into account the three fundamental themes: have, use, supervise. The study of the canons – especially the base cannons 747 §1, 822 and 823 – is in the same time historical and exegetical, theological and pastoral.

Cornel CADAR
Mass-media în Dieceza de Iaşi
The article presents the mode in which the Church from Moldavia has used the mass-media during history and the way things are now. Thus, until the beginning of the XX century, the Church has used specific ways of communication, especially in the its catechization and evangelization: church pictures, theatric representations, Christmas and Easter or great feasts pieces. At the end of the XIXth century and at the beginning of the XXth, many books and useful manuals for the teachers, priests and fidelian appear. Even in the communist period, the Church has used some sort of mass-media: the explicated catechism, the wall calendar, prayer and song books, posters, and sometimes towards the end of this period, film slides or videocassettes. After 1989, the mass-media develops more than before, and the Church in Moldavia uses it fully. The author pleads for the wise use of the mass-media, sustaining that its role is almost the same as the one of the priest who preaches the Gospel and helps the ones that have received it to grow.

FILE DE ARHIVĂ
Alois MORARU
„Presa catolică locală” în documente arhivistice
„Catholic and local journalism” in archive files

Dialog Teologic VI/11 (2003)

Dialog teologic VI/11 (2003)
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican. Adieri peste cortină, 144 p., 17×24, 5 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 11.

EDITORIAL

Wilhelm Dancă
Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican, izvor de reînnoire
The author of this editorial claims that in our country, the acception of the renewal spirit and the application of the 2nd Vatican Council’s pastoral-liturgical norms were distorted by the unfavorable social and political conditions in which the Christians and the shepherds of our Church lived, in the period of the Council’s sessions development. The Council’s documents are even today a source of renewal, but the source isn’t enough known, used and frequented. The 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine is a good medicine for the removal of heresies and nowadays temptations, as the heresy of action and the temptation of material things. The editorial also claims the idea that the 2nd Vatican Council might become “operational”, if the shepherds and the Christians, “all together” – this is the Council’s logic – penetrate deeper in the Council’s mentality.

COMUNICĂRI

ÎPS Ioan Robu
De ieri până astăzi la noi: Conciliul al II-lea din Vatican

The article is a personal testimonial of Bucharest’s archbishop, ÎPS IOAN ROBU, who recalls of the fact that, until 1990, we shared some, but a little of the new Council’s atmosphere, that stirred up the universal Church. The translation and the publication of the documents was possible only 25 years after the end of the Council’s sessions (1990). For that time, the Council arrived as a delayed letter, discovered and hardly read and, generally, without enthusiasm. Nevertheless, we haven’t experienced an exaggerated application of the liturgical reforms. Nowadays, even if there are a lot of things to do, the breath of the Council is still present in our local Church. The new priest generations and the believers don’t understand the Council’s documents as a delayed letter, but as an fresh appeal to responsibility and fidelity towards the Church.

PS Petru Gherghel
Descoperirea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
The article begins with a pleading for the Church, that goes forward, follows its path, in spite of the threats and trials that fall upon it. Afterwards, the role of Councils is presented: they are the keepers of the unaltered redeeming truth; questions are also formulated concerning the 2nd Vatican Council in the light of the abnormal situation that our local Church experienced: a long time without a bishop and separated visibly from the Pope for many years. Nevertheless, our Church ontologically belonged to the reality of the Church itself. The central content of the article takes a quick view over Rome – where the Council took place – and over Iassy, where there was a search of a way to spread information on the Council: B. Härings’s book The 2nd Vatican Council for all, and father Ioan Ciuraru had a significant role in this acquaintance work with the Council’s documents. Finally, the author of the article asks himself: what have we achieved of the Christian life, now, 40 years after the Council’s assembly.

PS Aurel Percă
Teologia morală între vechi şi nou
This article sustains a base idea, namely, that in the moral life domain, there was always a tendency of „old” to „new” passing. In consequence, the article shows the way the passing from the casuistry moral to the moral inspired by the 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine took place. In succession, the first beginnings of the renewal are presented, in order to find a new model of moral theology. Anyhow, the passing from „old” to „new” went slow. After the presentation of the moral theology’s development during and after the ending of the Council’s sessions, the article shortly presents the main dimensions of the new moral theology’s model, namely, the personal and commune dimension. Finally, the renewal situation of the moral theology in the Seminary (Institute of Iassy), the difficult steps taken to pass from the individualistic, psychological and juridical mentality of textbooks, to the mentality of manuals that point out the biblical, historical and ecclesiastical perspective of the moral.

Vladimir Petercă
Reflecţii asupra Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
The article sustains that all the difficulties that the Council fathers, all together with the shepherds and the Christians encountered when trying to penetrate and apply the 2nd Vatican Council’s norms and teachings, were for the benefit of the Church. Concerning to this, the author of the article remembers of the lab work that the 1968 generation priests made to prepare the ecclesiastical music, and refers to it as to one benefic work for the life of the Church. But the memories of the Council are linked to four great personalities that he evokes: pope Paul VI, the theologian K. Rahner, the cardinal König and the bishop R. Lettmann, the last one being cardinal Döpfner’s secretary, an important person in the social themes’ elaboration of the Council. Finally, the author asks himself if the Council’s expectations were fulfilled and to come to something like that, he claims that a permanent conversion of the Church to the Council’s spirit is required.

Eduard Ferenţ
Un nou suflu în teologia dogmatică
The author of the article claims that, when John XXIII started the 2nd Vatican Council, on the 11th of October 1962, almost an year of his priesthood had passed. That’s why he can say that he lived his priesthood in the light of the Council, in the ecclesial and social condition of a communist country hostile to the Catholic Church, and sequently, to the Council. The conference is a proof for the conditions in which, as a Catholic priest and theology professor, beginning with the 1st of January 1962, he knew and applied the 2nd Vatican Council’s doctrine during his sacerdotal ministry. The testimony contains three moments: the first refers to the period succeeding the Council; the second refers to the period of 1967-1975, namely, the years of the Council’s application in the our ecclesiastical context; the last moment refers to the period after the Council between 1975-2003.

Claudiu Dumea
Aplicarea reformei liturgice
The exposition has as an theme the implementation (term taken from the „wooden” language of politicians) of the liturgical reform in our context. Reform, another word discredited by the politicians. When he says „in our context”, the author means at the Iassy and Bucharest dioceses. It is not a scientific, systematic, historically documented, exhaustive exposition, but some personal, fragmented memories from the ‘70-‘80.

Mons. Anton Lucaci
Adieri conciliare peste Cortină
The author of the article responds to the invitation to present an ecclesiastical juridical theme or to give a „personal” testimony concerning the 2nd Vatican Council, choosing for the second variant it is known the fact that the revision of the ecclesiastical laws, announced publicly by pope John XXIII the same time as the decision to summon the Ecumenical Council, was about to translate in disciplinary norms the Council’s works. The reform of the canonic legislation was materialized 20 years ago, with the promulgation of the new Canonic Law Code. The author remembers that, during his studies in Rome, the law reform „floated in the air, far away, out at sea”, and he underlines the existence, in that post-conciliary period, of an attitude, pretty much confuse, hostile to the ecclesiastical law. „That fever that the Church’s body suffered has passed away”: this is the conclusion of the approximately 450 canonists, with the occasion of the impressive commemoration of two decades from the promulgation of the new Canon Law Code (24.01.1983). The conciliary breezes over the Iron Courtain towards us can be illustrated by the Elijah episode, 1Kg 19,11-12: „And behold, the Lord passed by, and a great and strong wind rent the mountains, and broke in pieces the rocks, before the Lord, but the Lord was not in the wind; and after the wind an earthquake, but the Lord was not in the earthquake; and after the earthquake a fire, but the Lord was not in the fire; and after the fire a still small voice”. Although he hadn’t any direct contact with the 2nd Vatican Council, the breeze of the Holy Spirit arrived also to our Church, being spared perhaps from the tempest, the earthquake and the fire that fell on some sectors of the free world Churches.

Francisca Băltăceanu
Traducerea documentelor Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican în limba română
In the article it is shown that a first Romanian translation was accomplished, in the given conditions of that time, in the Catholic world of Moldavia, a translation that passed by in a typed form, in a very exclusive circle, probably only in the Seminary and among some priests. Once ÎPS IOAN ROBU came at the lead of the Bucharest Archdiocese, many work possibilities opened here, in our context. In 1987, he initiated and entrusted a team to make a published form of the translation, in order to combine the rectitude with the accessibility. In the beginning, it was about a revision of the current translated text; shortly after, the process came out to implicate a huge work, with approximate results. Accordingly to his Eminence, a decision was taken to make a new translation, taking into account, obviously, anytime it was useful, what was already written.

Anton Dancă
Vocaţia la preoţie şi la viaţa consacrată
The testimony-article shows the fact that the author didn’t have too many information concerning the 2nd Vatican Council, but hoped in a better change in the life of the Iassy Dioceses’ Church, tested so hard, starting especially with 1998, when the Seminaries and convents were closed down. Many teenagers, having only a small step in reaching out the sacerdotal ideal, and many aspirants to the consecrated life, even those who vowed votes for life, had to come back to their so burdened families, because the war wounds weren’t healed enough. Some young people, seeing the wilderness of those times, enlisted to other schools, if permitted, and others started the family life.
Then, as today, people weren’t used to see how „God writes straight on skew lines”. The consecrated persons assembled in the Church for hours of adoration, gathered money in order to pay Masses for better times, took care of the altars’ beautification and offered their services to the parish as many times necessary, etc. Slowly, seeing their example, many young girls shyly got closed to ask them a spiritual guidance, feeling deep down the urge to serve Jesus in the consecrated life. The author thinks that many young people owe their call to the prayers and sacrifices of these persons banned from monasteries.

SCURTE MĂRTURII DIN DIECEZĂ

Ioan Sociu
Despre muzica sacră
About the sacred music

Dumitru Patraşcu
Despre apostolatul preoţesc
About the priest’s apostolate

Ştefan Erdeş
Dificultăţi în receptarea Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican
Difficulties in the 2nd Vatican Council’s acception

Ieronim Budulai
Scurtă evocare a convocării Conciliului al II-lea din Vatican File de istorie
Short evocation of the 2nd Vatican Council’s convocation

Violeta Barbu
Sinoadele locale din Ucraina, Polonia şi Constantinopol în epoca Contrareformei
Local synods in Ukraine, Poland and Constantinople during the Counter reform age

Fabian Doboş
Sinodul de la Cotnari – 6 noiembrie 1642
The Cotnari Synod – November the 6th 1642