Dialog Teologic XV/30 (2012)

Dialog Teologic XV/30 (2012)
Porta fidei: re-propunerea credinţei în mileniul al III-lea, 148 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpară online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 30.

 

Gilfredo Marengo
Annuncio della fede e pastorale: l’eredità del Vaticano II
«Anche nei nostri tempi lo Spirito Santo ha suscitato nella Chiesa un nuovo slancio per annunciare la Buona Notizia, un dinamismo spirituale e pastorale che ha trovato la sua espressione più universale e il suo impulso più autorevole nel Concilio Ecumenico Vaticano II» (Benedetto XVI, 7 ottobre 2012). Queste parole, pronunciate dal Santo Padre, nell’omelia della celebrazione con la quale si è iniziato il Sinodo dei Vescovi dedicata al tema della «nuova evangelizzazione» segnalano, insieme alla  contestuale proclamazione dell’Anno della Fede, la speciale enfasi che si deve dare alla ricorrenza del cinquantesimo anniversario dell’apertura del Concilio Vaticano II (11 ottobre 1962). Queste circostanze invitano ad una rinnovata attenzione al magistero conciliare e ad  una verifica della sua adeguata recezione, Ben sapendo che esso resta un’ineludibile pietra di paragone del cammino ecclesiale e custodisce in sé una fecondità, non del tutto compiutamente espressa.

Nicola Reali
Raccogliere l’eredità del Concilio a 50 anni dalla sua celebrazione: un caso particolare il sacramento del matrimonio. Lettura teologico-pastorale
Introducendosi subito nell’oggetto della nostra presentazione, possiamo affermare che il Concilio Vaticano II segna il punto di non ritorno di tutta la teologia e la pastorale da allora in poi. Questo essenzialmente per due motivi: 1. Le indicazioni del Concilio permisero di uscire fuori da una visione esclusivamente naturalistica e giuridica 2. Sia il punto di vista con il quale il concilio legge il matrimonio, sia  il  contenuto  dottrinale  che  esso  presenta  trovano  la  propria  fondazione e legittimazione nella teologia immediatamente precedente al Concilio (i tentavi di pensare diversamente della teologia degli anni ’50). In particolare prendiamo in considerazione Lumen gentium e Gaudium et spes. Unitamente a quanto il Concilio afferma in SC 77-78 specialmente per quel che concerne la riforma del rito del matrimonio.

Ştefan Lupu
„Il valore della tradizione apostolica secondo Adversus Haereses di sant’Ireneo
Sant’Ireneo ha tracciato per primo e con grande chiarezza le grandi articolazioni della tradizione della Chiesa, in contrasto con il gnosticismo. Secondo Ireneo, la tradizione è apostolica sia quanto all’origine, attestata dalla “successione dei vescovi”, che ricevono, con la successione apostolica, il carisma della verità, sia per il suo contenuto che è il kerygma insegnato dagli apostoli, trasmesso, custodito e insegnato nell’ambito delle chiese apostoliche. L’oggetto essenziale del messaggio apostolico della tradizione è Cristo, già annunciato del Vecchio Testamento che trova in lui la propria conclusione. Di conseguenza, la tradizione appare distinta dalla Scrittura e, tuttavia, strettamente legata ad essa. Per Ireneo, Scrittura e tradizione si trovino in un rapporto costante di azione e di dipendenza reciproca.

Iulian Faraoanu
Abraham, itinerariu şi model de credinţă
Faith is an essential dimension of human being. This paper proposes itself to emphasize the faith of the great patriarch Abraham, emblematic Bible hero regarding the trust in God. Abraham’s faith will be analyzed under two aspects: firstly, from the perspective of the itinerary of his relationship with God, then the example of constancy and perseverance of his faith. After each treatment, there will exist something that is applied for nowadays Christians.Finally, it appears the exhortation to imitate Abraham’s trust, the man that trusted and hoped against any hope.

Iulian-Valerian Ianuş
Înţelegerea credinţei – Fides et Ratio
L’enciclica Porta fidei di Benedetto XVI ci invita ad aprofondire i contenuti della fede e di rifflettere sull’atto stesso con cui si crede. Per riscoprire e fare nostri questi contenuti, c’è bisogno di uno sforzo personale per capire quello che la fede ci insegna. Nell’anno dedicato alla fede da parte della Chiesa, l’enciclica Fides et Ratio di Giovanni Paolo II può essere uno strumento molto utile in questo cammino personale. Infatti, essa ci ofre un cammino storico riguardante i testi biblici, i contributi dei Padri della Chiesa e dei diversi teologi cristiani;  sono  ricordati  anche  gli  altri  interventi  del  Magistero,  soprattutto della Constituzione dogmatica Dei Filius del Concilio Vaticano I.

Iosif Enăşoae
Credinţa creştină, fundamentul şi viaţa familiei creştine
In this article the author wants to prove that the base and the life of the Christian family is the Christian faith. In his presentation, the author starts from the premise that faith is an anthropological experience, an existential state which determinates its way of acting and thinking, just when it’s based in the natural truth. Then he carries further with the case of the Christian in today so-ciety, profoundly changed, in which he is invited to observe the belief, especially in the Year of Faith (2012-2013). In the same speech about faith, father I. Enăşoaie characterises faith as an encounter with Christ and a life transformation, but also an epiphany of God. After this decomposition, the author presents the case of the family, showing how faith is the base of the Christian family, the answer being a true faith indeed.

Damian Ghe. Pătraşcu
Credinţă şi religie. În ce/cine se crede! Răspunsul lui Dostoievsky
This article wants to offer an answer to one of mans biggest ques-tions: in what/who do we believe in? To reach his purpose the author firsts pre-sents the conditions in which fait in today’s society is found, highlighting the positive and the negative aspects. To question to which the answer is still to be found – why is not there anymore belief – is situated in the thinking surrounds of the great Russian writer Dostoevsky, who, to the end of his life, became the “spiritual guide of the Russian people”. Having as an aid the letter belonging to the Russian writer, the article’s writer presents the causes of the unbelief: ignorance regarding the “substance” of Christ and the dead load of the heart. However, although he is aware of the fact that today the atheism and leaving the Christianity is a massive and arrogant phenomenon, father Gh. Patraşcu PhD., emphasises that the religious felling and the Gospel nostalgia are here to touch our hearts, and often with promising results.

Constantin Cucoş
Corelativitatea şi complementaritatea finalităţilor în formarea religioasă
This article tries to answer the question: what it’s more impor-tant to target in the religious education of the pupils; passing on knowledge or building-up competences, assimilating some cognitive material or interiori-zing some terms of reference habitual-goodness? To give a straight answer, the author comes to confirm the falsity of the dispute between knowledge and com-petences, so he can the further on show the correlativity between knowledge and competences in the religious education.

Constantin Cucoş
Vocaţia şi statutul de formator, un inventar de competenţe posibile
In the educational process, an important part comes to the educator characterised as a possible competence inventor. In this article, the author, after he presents what a competence means, especially the pedagogic competence, reviews a set of competences which the person who wants to be an educator for others must have: goodness competence, disciplinary or academic, didactic competence or psycho-pedagogic, psycho-relational competence, the capacity to work in a team and to form a partnership, the knowledge and integration of new informative technologies in the didactic exercise, auto-reflexive competence.

Corneliu Berea
Internetul: un instrument de comunicare
The article analyses the topic of internet in the environment of Church pastoral from two points of view: do we face a communication instrument or more than that, in an evangelized world? The Church presence in the communication world is now a necessity, even if there are some dangers. The author mentions recent magisterial documents that treat this subject, indicating critically the strong and weak aspects of different points of view expressed officially by Church.

Florin Spătariu
Muzica şi ierarhia artelor în gândirea lui Hegel
Starting with the premise that generally, art (listening to a concert of classical music, visiting a museum, participating at a painting exhibition, etc.) constitutes an exigency of the human spirit and honesty, depending on the in-tellectual preparation and cultural luggage, judgment and hierarchy of artistic options, Father Dr. Florin Spatariu analyses music and arts hierarchy in the thinking of the great German philosopher Hegel. According to his thinking, arts are those ones that succeed to send, most of all, to life spiritual side, but may be, at the same time, ranking pyramidal, each of them occupying a place according to the artistic expression. Then, presenting each art (architecture, sculpture, painting, etc.), the author comes to the conclusion that, for Hegel, all of them are important, but from all of them, poetry occupies the first place because it repre-sents the most authentic form that the human spirit can express freely.

Dialog Teologic XV/29 (2012)

Dialog Teologic XV/29 (2012)
Seminarul Diecezan din Iaşi la ceas aniversar. 125 de ani de la înfiinţare (1886-2011), 130 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 29.

 

Pr. Fabian Doboş
Dominic Jaquet şi formarea intelectuală a tinerilor catolici moldoveni
In this article, father Fabian Dobos, presents the context of intellectual formation of Moldovan young Catholics, starting with the activity of the bishop Dominic Jaquet (1895-1903) in this regard. After a short biography, the author presents the intellectual formation in Iasi Seminar, founded by the bishop Camilli in 1886, highlighting Jaquet’s care for integral youth formation and for the studies quality in the seminar. Further, the author presents the intellectual formation, this time in the Institute Cipariu, founded by Jaquet in 1895. Then, father Fabian Dobos treats the problem of teaching religion courses in girl schools of the Congregation Notre Dame de Sion from Iasi and Galati. At the end, the author looks over the formative activity of Franciscan Seminar and Cantor School from Halaucesti, institutes founded also by Dominic Jaquet.
The author’s conclusion is that this bishop, during the period when he was parson at Iasi Diocese, sought to form cultural Catholic elite, a group that may be useful to the interests of the Catholics from Romania.

dr. Iosif Tamaș, dr. pr. Fabian Doboș
Mihai Robu, părintele episcop și seminarul diecezan
Mihai Robu is the first Moldavian native bishop buried in “The Assumption of Our Lady” Roman-Catholic Cathedral of Iaşi; and the history of Moldavia was tumultuous, as a mystery of suffering in our diocese. We have in front of us a personality that stood out, along his episcopate, by raising numerous churches, with special care for the diocesan seminary, by several canonical visits accompanied by the administration of the sacred chrism, by supporting the Catholic press and, and last but not least, by the protection of those less fortunate during the Second World War. If I had to summarize in five keywords Bishop Mihai Robu’s work, they would be: identity, unity, loyalty, latinity, humanity. The identity refers to the sacramental theology of Christ’s priesthood, which transfigured in the person of Mihai Robu; the unity looks towards the universality of the Catholic Church which he served throughout the whole canonic orthodoxy that he was representing; the loyalty will result in the apostolic love expressed towards the Petrine Apostolic chair; the latinity will be the virtue that has served the people who belonged to, and the humanity will complete the Christian who will be also bent like the merciful Samaritan at all suffering times through which the Romanian people will be passed. We capture here the mystery of the intrinsic unity of life and work of Bishop Mihai Robu while analyzing his pastoral commitment, the sufficiency and determination that will support the Christian nation that was destined to be lead to salvation.

Pr. Alois Moraru
Seminarul din Iaşi în perioada persecuţiei comuniste
Starting from the idea that the seminar is „the heart of a diocese” that pulses and trains all its members, father Alois Moraru presents in this article some aspects from the history of Iasi Catholic Seminar in a dim and difficult period, that one of communism. From the very beginning, the author warns us that this article is a free exposure, using in its elaboration, in the biggest part, original documents kept in different archives from the country and abroad. In the first part, father, after presenting a short history of the first tries of organizing a seminar for young indigenous people, passes and treats the history of Iasi Theological Seminar, beginning with its establishment (1886) and going on with its rather sinuous activity, under the guidance of the Diocese bishops and Institute rectors, till the instauration of communist regime in Romania (1947). In the second part, the author speaks about situation of the Seminar, when Mons. Anton Durcovici was appointed as bishop of Iasi (1947), a more and more difficult situation because of the opposition of communist authorities in developing the pupils and students formation, opposition that would lead even to stopping the Seminar’s activity and moving it, for a period of time, to Alba Iulia.

Aurel Percă Episcop auxiliar
Seminarul din Iași la răspântii între două regimuri politice
In this article, Grace Aurel Perca, Iasi auxiliary bishop, willing to reveal some pages of history, that the time, unfortunately, covered or buried in oblivion, reviews a recent period that marked and created the physiognomy of nowadays Seminar, namely, the period when our country came back to the liberty and democracy path by overthrowing the dictatorial communist regime (December 22, 1989). Presenting this period of Seminar’s life, the author wants to underline that these political, social and economic changes from the country influenced Seminar’s life, imposed a paper of rejuvenating the old structures and, at the same time, a new way of instilling vocational aspirations to youth that respond to the new requirements of the Church and society. The Grace finishes the article with an optimist idea: in spite of all changes along the history of the Seminar, this one was and remained the diapason of the Diocese life; here, it may be felt the Diocese pulse through many calls to consecrated life.

Pr. Iulian Faraoanu
Sfânta Scriptură în Seminarul Catolic din Iaşi
Holy Scripture is at the base of Christian life, being the main source for knowing God and light in the salvation way. But, the Bible had a special part in priests formation as well. This study proposes itself to present the modalities of receipting, studying and interpreting the Scripture in Iasi Seminar. This presentation is preceded by an incursion in the way the Bible was used and interpreted in the Universal Church. Finally, it is realized a short assessment, indicating the negative, positive aspects, as well as the perspectives for future.

Pr. Iulian Faraoanu
Biserica, Dumnezeu şi Mielul în Apocalips
One of the leads useful for interpretation the Book of Revelations and his mysteries, is studying the way in which the author uses the Old and the New Testament, having the fact that every verse has at least one reference to the Scripture. Together with the method presented above, another lead might be analyzing the Church images. This study tries to offer a partial light to the concept of Church, seen as a People of God in relationship with God and the Lamb. This people of God is unique and united all through history and in eschatology.

Pr. Iulian-Valerian Ianuş
Linii generale ale antropologiei lui Toma de Aquino
Even if he didn’t write a strictly anthropologic work, the man problem is present very much in Tomas de Aquino writings. For him, the man never was in the state of pure nature, because he always depends on the historical situation of his life. Starting from the substance doctrine of Aristotle, Tomas underlines that the man is composed of two elements: body, as material and soul, as form; between these two elements there is always an intimate, substantial unity. The activity that makes different the man from other body beings is knowledge. Getting the faculty of intellect, the man has not only a sensitive knowledge, but, also, the knowledge possibility at intellectual level: thus, it can achieve the truth, understood as conformity between intellect and known object.

Pr. Corneliu Berea, SVD
Violența domestică în perspectiva teologiei pastorale
The author seeks, in this article, to catch the social phenomenon of domestic violence in the context of Church ordinary pastoral, with an especial attention to domestic violence on women and children in Romania. The analysis of domestic violence on these categories of persons follows, in a big part that is affirmed by Ana Muntean, professor at Babes-Bolyai University from Cluj-Napoca (Romania) in an article from 2003. The article ends with pastoral proposals, already applied in different Churches in the world, by which it is sought to combat this phenomenon.

Lect. univ. dr. pr. Florin Spatariu
Vocile castraților în muzica epocii baroce
Starting with the example of the famous emasculated singer Farinelli, father Florin Spatartiu, in this study analyses, at first view, an anomaly that existed and covered the entire Europe during over 200 years, namely, the voices of emasculated people in Baroque era music. These singers represented a category of artists that dominated the Western musical panorama beginning with the last decade of XVI century till classicism period, favoring the appearance of some unequaled musical masterpieces, having as authors Händel, Bach, Purcell, Scarlett etc., meant, in a great part, for these rare voices. The author treats, first of all, the historical aspects, underlining the appearance of this phenomenon and the way it underlied in the second Christian millennium, but at the same time, the music aspects. In the conclusion of this article father underlines that even if we think this way of realizing music to be strange and deviating from nature, for musicians of the Baroque era it was an opportunity to create, render and offer to the humanity unique music values, even if it means the sacrifice of so many normal lives.

Dialog Teologic XIV/28 (2011)

Dialog Teologic XIV/28 (2011)
Preotul și familia creștinaă colaboratori în ogorul Bisericii și martori ai împărăției lui Dumnezeu în lume, 194 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.
Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 28.

Stefan Lupu
Toţi preoţi în Cristos: fundamentul sacramental al misiunii preotului şi a familiei creştine
Starting from the premise to the sacrament of baptism every Christian is made a priest, Fr. Dr. Stefan Lupu analyzes sacramental foundation of the mission of the priest and the Christian family in society. In the first part of the article, the author seeks to highlight the cultural context of this mission, which is the Christian world. In the second part of the article deal about rediscovering the common priesthood of the faithful with the Council of Vatican II. With scriptural texts as a basis, the author speaks of a people „all priestly” and then, from Lumen Gentium no. 10 show as „recovered” baptismal priesthood. Hence the new face of the Church, which is a people Messianic mission, as the new man, living become „loving relationship with God,” being fulfilled in Jesus and the true glory of God. Form of baptismal priesthood, according to the author, is spirituality / culture Eucharist and best title for this priesthood is the „Mother Church”. In the third part analyzes the spirituality of communion as a form of pastoral action, is especially emphasized pastoral value of this community.

Cristinel Fodor
Sacramentalizare vs. evanghelizare: cum sunt trăite sacramentele, în special Botezul, Euharistia, Spovada, Căsătoria, în comunităţile din dieceza noastră.
The theme that treats the author would like to contribute to those things which the Church invites repeatedly: to renew our liturgical celebrations, preparing for graces received in the sacraments and developing them for the sacrament, the faithful enter into communion with the Holy Trinity, to experience participation in the divine nature and, thus, they should be built by the Church as a sign and realization of God’s presence in the world. After a theoretical presentation of their authors proceed to analyze their practice, that is to analyze how the preparations for receiving the sacraments become fruitful. The author deals with how we look at those who ask for the sacraments, how long preparations and the creation of a model of training as prescribed by the Church, about some rules to be followed in the first meeting, how to address unbelievers during the administration of the sacraments, ending with mystagogy of the first meeting. Then, one by one analyzed in the light of these premises, preparing to receive the sacraments and how they are administered.

Felician Tiba
Credincioşii laici: concurenţi sau colaboratori la cateheză, orele de religie, activităţile misionare etc.?
The author of the article which follows, examines issues priest and the Christian family as trainers through sacred vocation. First, Fr. F. Tiba deals with the genesis of this reality that is called „family”, seeking his roots on her moments of glory, and the fall, identifying his needs. The author states that the natural family is the first institution that goes beyond Christianity, Christ is love novelty and establishing the sacrament of Matrimony. Further, based on the symbolism bones, Fr. F. Tiba emphasizes the dignity of women, but also its role in the knowledge of God by man. After speaking of the influence of sin on the relationship between man and God, man, woman, the author deals with the establishment of the sacrament of Matrimony by Jesus Christ, and then make a picture of the contemporary family. After analyzing the relationship between priest and family, talking about his childhood and youth as two stages in the preparation of marriage, then discusses the newly created family. Finally, before talking about forming family, the author presents some coordinates of family formation.

Pr. Isidor IACOVICI
Familia și fenomenul emigrării
Assuming that none of the family who went abroad did not choose this way of looking at God, to the saints, but to earn money, which is the author analyzes the phenomenon of immigration issues and the impact of this phenomenon on family. First, the author indicates that the family is forced to emigrate and highlights the reasons for this need, but also dangers involved. Another painful reality treated by Fr. James I. Nonconformity is the promise to reality in the sending country. In this context, the author talks about church involvement in immigration phenomenon by sending priests to spiritual care of their countrymen by helping immigrants and different cultural and spiritual manifestations. Further, the author analyzes the family in the context of migration and its consequences, among which is that of coexistence sacrament against which they are made some arguments and remedies. Finally, it deals with immigrants and jobs they provide in the host country.

Pr. Daniel Mărtinaş
Familia și fenomenul emigrării
In this article, the author examines the family in the context of increasingly widespread phenomenon of migration, based on existing realities in the local Church of Iasi. First, he talks about the changes in society with the fall of the communist regime and the need to impose family migration. Then he summarizes the implications of migration on the family. He still refers to the harsh reality that many families emigrated collide, in reality much different from what they had been promised before departure. In these dramatic circumstances, the author wonders how the Church works, both the local and the universal context. All he replied by concrete examples involving the Church for spiritual and material support to the immigrants. Not overlooked consequences of migration for family institution, is actually shown some of these, with a particular focus on the case of young people who live without marrying, bringing some arguments and remedies to this situation. The article ends with the report-labor of emigration.

Pr. Iosif IACOB
Căsătoria, sacrament al noii alianțe
Documents of Vatican II as Lumen Gentium, Apostolicam Actuositatem, Sacrosanctum Concilium, and especially Gaudium et Spes highlight the interest that the Church manifests for the Sacrament of Matrimony, in the context of developments and new vision proposed by the present society (divorce, abortion, feminist movements etc.).The contemporary society, following a long and reinforced theological tradition of marriage, is called to implement into the family life of our times, the principles proposed by the gospel in order to live a married life “in Christ”.The biblical vision of the human person, the way the nature and the grace are perceived are points of departure and reference for a complex and objective view on the sacrament of marriage. The nature, the value, the effects and purposes of marriage proposed by the ecclesiastical tradition are fundamental aspects that give consistency to the consent of sacramental marriage.The conjugal morality has its ultimate foundation not in human laws but in the divine laws that man cannot change according to its own interests. The state, as representative and guardian of the community wellbeing, is charged with promoting the values   and principles for the good of the family and implicitly of the society itself, whose basic unit is the family. In this regard the Council encourages the closeness between the values   of the doctrine and the spirit of today’s society, as well as raising public awareness to doctrinal lasting values   of faith. The personalist vision proposed by the council, as well as the vocation to holiness in married life, along with what love and procreation represents in a full and stable community of conjugal life corresponds to the values proposed by  the Church as a sacramental reality of marriage, according to Christ’s will for the wellbeing of the person and all mankind.

Pr.  Iulian-Valerian Ianuş
Conceptul de persoană la Jacques Maritain
The Christian anthropology has at its base the concept of the person. The anthropologic oration of Jacques Maritain is focused on the human person as well, with its own characteristics. Maritain, commentator of Tomas de Aquino, takes from Thomism the general structure of his anthropology. His oration starts from the distinction between „specimen” and „person”, present distinction since first works. For the Maritain anthropology is characteristic that it is a metaphysical base. In this respect, we find in the texts of the French thinker a profound analysis of the ontological structure of a person: subsistence, understood as that, in its specific nature, has its being in and for itself; and personality (in a metaphysical sense, not psychological), seen as a balance between subjectivity and objectivity, between independence and dependence, through which the child is growing up and accepts actively the human condition.

Pr.  Iulian Faraoanu
Așteptarea creștină a venirii Fiului Omului (Lc 17,26-30)
The eschatology problem is present everywhere in Saint Luke gospel. But, the tension and the eschatology waiting are in a close relationship with the history.
The fragment from Lc 17,26-30 is included in the same eschatology domain, more precise the theme related to the waiting of Jesus second coming. The comparison with the days of Noah and Lot have an exhortatory function, inviting the people of the Saint Luke community to look at the heavenly realities. The delay of Christ’s second coming does not have to determine a life orientated only to the humanly activities, in this forgetting God. The waiting of Christ’s coming must always be alive, knowing that the Lord may come soon and his coming must find us ready.

Dialog Teologic XIV/27 (2011)

Dialog Teologic XIV/27 (2011)

Biserica și secularizarea. Provocări și strategii pastorale (II), 104 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 27.

Prof. Violeta Barbu (Bucureşti)
Biserica şi provocările secularismului: corpul şi etica lui
Body and ethics stands at the intersection of moral theology, anthropology, sociology and even culture in the broad sense of the term. In this article, Professor Violeta Barbu presents an anthropological perspective, the issue of body and of ethics, which has undergone many changes over the past five decades. Starting from the presentation of the Christian vision of the body during history, from St. Paul’s anthropology to the theology of the body of John Paul II, is now revealed the rift between body and soul that evolved to highlight the growing body in society and acquiring an overly important role. One common fronts of the Christian worldview and post-modern, but also a bone of contention, is the importance of body health and off-line medical and ethical
biology. However, two problems are analyzed morally and socially,  euthanasia(mercy killing) and abortion. In conclusion, Prof. Violeta Barbu includes all processes related to the ethical vision issues associated body and the phenomenon of secularization, a phenomenon increasingly entering in our country.

Mons. Roland Minnerath (Dijon, Franţa)
Evanghelizarea şi postmodernitatea
From the beginning, Christianity has interacted with cultural elements that have ensured a greater ease in preaching and spreading the Gospel. Christianity entered a world where religion was part of the culture. Taking the starting points the cultural elements, Mons. Roland Minnerath wants to capture those key points that can be used in contemporary evangelization. First, there are highlighted the Christian elements that contributed to the formation of Western culture. Next, we analyze trends and principles which have replaced Christian culture with a secular culture, a phenomenon that led to the need for a new evangelization. In the last part, are brought to light deficiencies in the post-modern culture, among which the lack of future prospects and human helplessness in the face of death problem.

Prof. Vittorio Possenti (Venezia, Italia)
Biserica şi secularizarea: curtea păgânilor
In this article, the author examines the relationship between secularization and the Church in terms of „the court of the Gentiles” which is inserted in the report delicately between Church and secularization. Liberal democracies, different religions were equated time, that is why the public should take from them a position of indifference and neutrality, this is true for universal religions, which were required to be limited to long private sector. Such democracies have abandoned the Hegelian scheme in which religion is incorporated and abstracted in the evolution of society and true within the state; in Europe, in addition, they are removed the American scheme, in which religion is a foundation independent of the company, remaining separate politics. For all that, a significant change is unfolded in secular thinking of the environments.

Pr. Prof. Dr. Emil Dumea (Iaşi)
Religie şi valori în era globalizării

In this article, Fr. Emil Dumea proposes a reflection on globalization and the influence of this complex phenomenon on religion. The first part is an overview of globalization, which includes multiple spheres of human activity: economic, social, technological, cultural, political, environmental, etc. After this general reflection, the author presents several historical stages of cultural globalization with reference to regional and local examples. In the last part there are opened to question values of the process of globalization in the context in which they differ from one culture to another, from one individual to another, both by training and continuity.

Mons. Marcelo Sorondo (Vatican, Italia)
Secularizarea provocată de ştiinţă

In this article, the author examines the biblical verse „Veritas vos liberavit” – “The truth will set you free” and the pastoral challenges and strategies in the secularization of the Church. The reference point in this study is the relationship between faith and reason, the ratio between them, being two forms of evangelization: from faith to reason, and from reason to faith. Based on this report, the author talks about the conflict between the objective and philosophical reflection in the human practice. In first place, Msgr. M. Sorondo analyzed the neurological sciences and self-interpretation, then talks about conflict in the brain, the mind, the soul and being, and finally to refer the issue of evolution and creation for human beings as a third place of conflict. In the treatment of the subject, the author makes use of both the Bible and the Magisterium of the Church, but also from different philosophers in different periods of history.

Dialog Teologic XIII/ 26 (2010)

Dialog Teologic XIII/ 26 (2010)
Biserica și secularizarea. Provocări și strategii pastorale (I), 112 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 26.

Pr. Conf. Dr. Ştefan Lupu (Iaşi)
L’eredità spirituale del beato John Henry Card. Newman
In this article it is analyzed the life and the activity of the Cardinal Newman and also a few theological ideas. In the first part of the article, the author refers on the life of the Cardinal, his spiritual life in different phases of his conversion. First he was a protestant converted to the Evangelic Church, then to the Anglican Church, and finally reached to the Catholic Church. In the second part of the article, Pr. Stefan Lupu presents Newman’s view on holiness, starting from the motto printed on his emblem as Cardinal: Cor ad cor loquitur – Heart speaks to heart. There are presented the Newman’s notions on the necessity of holiness, both on the concrete one and the offered one, then on holiness as challenge, and finally on the personal holiness in Newman’s theology. At the end of the article, it is analyzed the sanctity of Newman, declared Blessed by the Pope Benedict the XVIth on 19th September 2010.

Pr. Lect. Dr. Tarciziu Şerban (Iaşi)
Profilul „omului nou” în scrisoarea către Efeseni
Starting from the Saint Paul’s Epistle to Ephesians, the author of the dissertation analyzed the profile of the Newman as it is exposed by the Apostle to the Gentiles. The premise is the model offered by the people of present time, people of an impeccable moral behavior and of a strong faith, who are now saints. In the first part of this article, there is presented the metaphoric language from Ef 6,10-20, that is the Saint Paul’s way to present the spiritual fight of the Christian, by comparing it with a triumphal battle of a very well equipped soldier. In the second part, there are a few metaphoric notions, which sketched a profile of the addressees of the St. Paul’s Epistle to Ephesians, asking them to acquire the four virtues enumerated in the vv. 14-16 of the same chapter. In Conclusions, the author shows how the two semantic levels – metaphorical and metaphorised – joined and build a message.

Card. Zenon Grocholewski (Vatican, Italia)
Adevăr şi libertate. O problemă fundamentală
In the allocution presented in the occasion of receiving the title of Doctor honoris causa from the University „Al.I. Cuza” of Iaşi, his Eminence Card. Zenon Grocholewski analyzed the fundamental problem of today’s society, the one of truth and liberty. In the beginning, the author notices that man, by his unique nature, aspires to these two great values, interconnected values, because the fidelity to truth determines the exercise of liberty, and this not only theoretically but also practically, in action, fact that leads to conquer the true human and social progress. Our model, worthy to be followed is Jesus Christ, the fulfillment of truth which liberates man. As the author mentions, Christian freedom assumes two valences: to follow the Christ and vivere in conspectu Dei. After analyzing liberty in the relation with the law of Decalogue, the Cardinal Grocholewski presents the figure of the Christ, who is truth, love and the new law for umanity; that is why only the Eucharist is the „food for the hungry man seeking for truth and liberty”.

Prof. Dr. Flavio Pajer (Roma, Italia)
Educaţia religioasă între identităţi confesionale, dialog interreligios şi spiritualităţi confesionale
The theme of this article is the religious education, seen in the view of the religious identity, of the interreligious dialogue and of the secular spirituality, in the context of a multicultural and globalized word. In the first part of the article, the author analyzed the religious identity in front of the “different”, identity that is considered to be more fragile. That is why, in the second part, he is asking what kind of identity has to be promoted in a pluralist context, trying to give an answer to this important question of our society. In the third part, Prof. Flavio Pajer shows that public education has to be like a chamber of dialogue, a stimulus for living together, which does not lead to uniformity, but rather to responsibility. Finally, there are exposed the new religious competences necessary for living in pluralism.

Pr. Prof. Dr. Wilhelm Dancă (Iaşi)
Biserica şi Statul la Mons. Anton Durcovici
Starting from eighteen declarations of Msgr. Anton Durcovici in the prison of the Ministry of Interior Affairs from Bucureşti, pr. prof. Wilhelm Dancă analyses the relation between Church and State as it result from the declarations of the Bishop of Iasi, underlining the problem of secularism. The author’s intention is to discover how Anton Durcovici opposed to the invasion of the State-Party in the life of the Church, analyzing firstly the soviet archetypal of relation between Church and State, archetypal where there is a difference between status de iure (separation between Church and State and School) and status de facto (the pressings on the Catholic and Orthodox Church), and in the second part the implementation of this model to the Romanian area conforming to his declarations from prison; from this declarations results that the great preoccupation of the communist regime in the period 1947-1948 was to eliminate the presence of the Catholic Church from the public life. In conclusion, the author  mentions that the motivation received from Msgr. Anton Durcovici in front of secularization and secularism can be characterized through two words: education and charity.

Pr. Prof. Dr. Eduard Ferenţ (Iaşi)
Strigătul unui păstor patern în vederea evanghelizării credincioşilor săi
Through a dogmatic approach to the theme of secularism, pr. prof. Edward Ferenţ analyzed the context and the coordinates of the evangelization as it is seen by the Second Council of Vatican and by the first bishop of Iasi, Nicolae Iosif Camilli, and then is looking for an answer that is given by secularism to the new evangelization of people from the third millennium. Firstly, starting from the documents of the Second Council of Vatican, the author shows which is the social context of the new evangelization – secularization of the human life, that is the removal of people from God. Then the author exposes the coordinates of the evangelization of the first Shepherd of the Dioceses of Iasi, Bishop N.I. Camilli, presenting the paternal shout of this bishop as it is presented in a discourse addressed to the Catholics from Paris. Finally, the author, starting from the text of the bishop of Iasi, shows that even in that time the Dioceses of Iasi intended to answer to secularization through a new evangelization of man. In conclusion, pr. prof. E. Ferenţ shows what the new evangelization should defend: identity of the Christ, the primacy of the Kingdom and the centrality of salvation, the identity of the church, the Sacramental identity of the church, and the human dignity.

Dialog Teologic XIII/25 (2010)

Dialog Teologic XIII/25 (2010)
Rezistența anticomunistă prin valori spirituale. Modele și fapte (II), 144 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 25.

Alexandru Zub
Aspecte spirituale în închisorile regimului comunist
The resistance to the oppression and the moral survival in the prisons of the  communist regime were rooted especially on faith, no matter the confession, and the confessional membership was not an impediment for the dialogue and the  fraternal cohabitation. Despite the immense bibliography, the author evokes in this article only some examples from an enormous casuistic whose analysis is just at the beginning. In the first part of this article, there are mentioned a series of memorials studies and the modalities of recuperating the data from the communist period which highlighted especially the horrors, the cruelty, the actions of that system. In the second part there are presented the examples of the people who had the tragic destiny through supporting the Calvary of the detention.

Eduard Ferenţ
Apărarea identităţii noastre creştine, prilej de maturizare umană şi spirituală
History was and remains Mater et magistra. It teaches always while the world is elder and elder, while the faith in God darkens and the morality of the society softens. It teaches that, while the fervor of life debilitates, God as the permanent Lord of the humanity, in the mystery of his goodness, raises new personalities, because he is being concerned with both the strengthening of the faith and the reforming of the conduct of the society. In this article, Fr. Eduard Ferenţ emphasizes the events and the personalities who evoke the spirit and the mentality of the predecessors. In this mentality can be remarked that during the recent history the vivid need to defense the human and the Christian identity determined many people to resist even with the sacrifice of their own life. This resistance constitutes the moment of the maturation as human being and Christians.

Emil Dumea
Biserică şi stat în România contemporană
In this article, Fr. Emil Dumea synthesizes the relationship between the Romanian state and the Church in the XX-th century. Through mentioning the constitutional disposals after the creation of modern Romanian state and the adoption of its first constitution, the one from 1866, till nowadays legislation, the author classifies the confessions in Romania, on the first place being the Orthodox Church, because of the majority of population, which are orthodox, and the common development of the institutions of the Orthodox Church and the progressive history of the modern Romanian state forming, from the Middle Age till today. The juridical history of Romania highlights the continuous braiding between the two institutions: that is why the Romanian Orthodox Church maintains a privileged position and the state defenses and promotes its interests.

Dănuţ Doboş
Justiţia politică şi „vinovăţia” de a fi catolic în anii regimului comunist
In the last years the Historical Research Department of the Roman-Catholic Bishopric approached a series of themes from the recent history, especially from the period 1948-1964, which coincided with the years of the Stalinist regime of Gheorghe Gheorghiu Dej. In this article, Dănuţ Doboş, member of this department, resumed the work and the results concerning these themes, obtained through the analysis of the discovered archive documents. The author reaches the conclusion that the victims of the communist regime are not anymore perceived as exemplar for the whole word. The justice closed the chapter of the juridical public rehabilitation; the authorities and the public opinion ignore them; the same thing can be said about the historical books and the new generations; there are some voices tributary to the past time which dishonest their memory, amplifying the crimes whose culpable is the communist Security.

Violeta Barbu
Memoria totalitarismului dintr-o perspectivă catolică. O dezbatere istorică
As an anthropological experience of the transitory things, memory depends on the concrete significations of the transfer from a generation to the other generation. Prof. Violeta Barbu wishes to stress the discrepancies which exist between the catholic perspective and the secularist one concerning the memory of totalitarianism of XX century, with its two faces, fascism and communism. In the first part of the article, the author mentions and analyses the classical approaches of the political philosophy of some notorious authors, e.g. Hannah Arendt, Thomas Mann, Walderman Gurian and so on. In the first part also there is broached the history of the conceptions about the two types of totalitarianism beginning with the time of the Cold War till today. In the second part, the author affirms that the model of the political philosophy of a unique totalitarianism with two faces relied on the historic differences has to be re-dimensioned according with the European cultural model of diversity, known as a defining factor of the identity of the reunited Europe. This cultural model was underlined by the Magisterium of the Catholic Church through the encyclical letters of the Pope John Paul II. Also there are highlighted some historical contributions of the Pope.

Ioan Mitrofan
După 20 de ani. Evidenţe şi ocultări ale persecuţiei Bisericii Greco-Catolice Române Unite cu Roma din 1948 şi până astăzi
Fr. Ioan Mitrofan sustains in this study the cause of his Church, persecuted during its relative short history of 300 years. The first part of this study represents a systematic division in periods of this history, whose purpose is to underline that Greek-Catholic Church from Romania is an institution with history full of events, even if not always happy, especially in the second part of the last century when participated to the great competition of the resistance against the communist system imposed in the Central and Eastern Europe, together with the other United Churches, persecuted in the same way, together with the Roman-Catholic Church with the national nuance. The author is not as historian, but a witness of the recent history of the Romanian Greek-Catholic Church. In the second part there is debated the problem of the dialogue between the Roman-Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church, between the Greek-Catholic Church and the Orthodox Church. Then, the author presents the positive aspects of the liberation from communism for the Greek-Catholic Church. Finally, the author describes his activity as priest in the time of the communist dictatorship.

George Enache
Berdiaev şi comunismul
In this article, the author proposes for discussion the reasons of the Church persecution in the communist epoch, and the contradictions from the communist ideology, underlined by the Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdiaev (1874-1948), who in his writings dealt with the philosophy of the religions. The fight of the communists against Christendom signified a crumbling of the spiritual flush from their beings, and this fact encouraged them to change the face of the whole world, because by destroying the roots poked in the Christian past, they wanted to create a mechanic and atheist world. A disputable detail of this article constitutes the definition of the Church as emanation of divinity, as a result of a divine-human process. The term “Church” has two different meanings: on one hand, it is the mystic body of the Christ and his spiritual reality, and, on the other hand, a social phenomenon and a social institution related to state, they existing together and having their own right and economy.

Adrian Petcu
Strategii ale Patriarhului Justinian Marina pentru organizarea şi dezvoltarea monahismului ortodox în perioada comunistă
The monastic problem which started with the reform of the prince Alexandru Ioan Cuza who asked the monasteries to have no land propriety, devastated the monasteries, so, at the beginning of XX century, there remained only some monasteries which hardly functioned. After the Second World War, at he beginning of the installation of the communist regime, an important role concerning the solution of this problem had the patriarch Justinian Marina. The study of Adrian Nicolae Petcu aims to underline the function of the patriarch in organizing and developing the Orthodox monasticism in the communist period. Even if was seen as a collaborator of the communist party, patriarch Justinian Marina deluded every appearance through the reforms he applied in order to resuscitate the orthodox monastic spirit and to form an elite staff among the monks who constituted the future army of the orthodox monasticism.

Wilhelm Dancă
Rugăciunea şi căderea comunismului în România
The wonder which took place in December 1989, so how defined Doina Cornea, a notorious personality of the Romanian anticommunist resistance, the events of that year, represents a victory of the spiritual values on the materialist and atheist ideals. In this article, Rev. Wilhelm Dancă proposes, following the profile of this personality, a clear understanding of the term “wonder” related to the events from December 1989. Employing the memories of some heroes of the anticommunist resistance and evoking his personal memories, Rev. Wilhelm Dancă wishes to underline the contribution of the spiritual factor, especially the one of the pray, to the fall of communism. That is why, he analyses this factor in three different perspectives: prayer as form of resistance against the evil, prayer as a gateway from a closed world and prayer as the space of meeting God himself. For the Catholic Church, the life during the communist time was like a day at sunset which was not ending any more. But the quotidian physical and spiritual sacrifices of our good lay people and priests prepared the happiness of regaining the freedom.

Dialog Teologic XII/24 (2009)

Dialog Teologic  XII/24 (2009)
Rezistența anticomunistă prin valori spirituale. Modele și fapte (I), 152 p., 17×24, ISSN 1453-8075, 9 lei.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 24.

Editorial

Wilhelm Dancă:
Rezistenţa anticomunistă prin valori spirituale
The Roman-Catholic Bishopric, the Roman-Catholic Theological Institute and the „Al. I. Cuza” University of Iaşi organized on the 10-th and 11-th of December 2009 an International Symposium gathering Church representatives from almost all the former communist countries. The participants at this Symposium evoked facts and models from the recent history of East and Central Europe concerning the anti-communist resistance through spiritual values.
In his Editorial, after the presentation of the premises of this symposium, Fr. Wilhelm Dancă has focused his attention on the main concepts of each presentation, classifying the conferences in three categories: those concerning the resistance of clergymen, then, the resistance of laypeople and, finally, the conferences containing systematic, theoretical aspects, for example those about the various nuances of the relation between Church and State, the different meanings of the anti-communist opposition, the local and distinct spiritual instruments of the anti-communist resistance. Due to the specific content of papers and the big number of pages, it were given to the spiritual values as ways of anti-communist resistance two numbers of Dialog teologic, i.e. 24 and 25.

MESAJE

† Angelo Card. Sodano
Credinţa este patrimoniul ce trebuie păstrat şi răspândit
In his message, Card. Angelo Sodano, Dean of the College of Cardinals, enjoys the initiative of this Symposium, reminding the spiritual factor as the main factor of the anti-communist resistance, and the others factors, for example the deep faith of the Christians, sustained by the testimony of Pastors of the Catholic Church. Concerning this aspect, Card. Angelo Sodano was inspired by one of the discourses of Pope John Paul II visiting Romania in 1999.

† Stanislaw Card. Dziwisz
Rolul Papei Ioan Paul al II-lea în schimbările din 1989
In his letter from 30 October 2009, written in Krakow, Card. S. Dziwisz expresses his intention to propose the pontificate of John Paul II as a reference point of the changes that took place at the same time with the fall of communism. He underlines the teaching of this Pope, teaching focused on the Christ, on the moral solidarity as a result of the death and the resurrection of Christ, on the Christian roots of Europe and the spiritual unity of Christian Europe.

† Miloslav Card. Vlk
Cristos răstignit e puterea creştinilor persecutaţi
Miloslav Card. Vlk, Archbishop of Prague, shares some personal experiences of the time of communist regime. He describes the period when he was part of the groups of Christian who decided to live surreptitious in communion with the Church; he reminds that his state license was retired, that is why he could not practice in public his priesthood, becoming a refugee, and how he found his true identity of priest testifying that the secret of his strength was the crucified and abandoned Christ, whom he found in sufferance and pains.

† Lucian Mureşan
Am ales „lauda” crucii lui Isus
„But God forbid that I should glory, save in the cross of our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom the world is crucified unto me, and I unto the world” (Gal 6,14). Through this verse, Msgr. Lucian Mureşan, describes his activity as Major Archbishop of the Greek-Catholic Church United with Rome. On the other hand, he speaks about the crucified Greek-Catholic Church during the communist regime and about the bishop Márton Áron, who helped him to enter the Theological Seminary of Alba-Iulia. At the end of his message, the author manifests his gratitude for the Cyrenians, the brothers from the Roman-Catholic Church, who helped the Catholic Romanians of the oriental rite to bear the Cross of the true faith.

CONFERINŢE

† Ioan Robu
Mărturisirea credinţei în istoria recentă a Arhidiecezei Romano-Catolice de Bucureşti
The communist period was very difficult for the Church, a period full both of dramatics, of heroic and martyr acts, and of a patent adversity against the Catholic Church, manifested through many actions: the unilateral denunciation of the Concordat between Romania and the Holy See, the ban of the Greek-Catholic Church, the closing of seminaries and of others Catholic schools. In this article, Msgr. Ioan Robu intends to bring homage to all the fighters for the defense of faith in the Archdioceses of Bucharest, especially during the hard period from 1948 to 1964. This article starts by explaining the implicit appearance of some forms of anticommunist resistance. Then the author presents his predecessors at the leadership of the archiepiscopate of Bucharest, Alexandru Theodor Cisar, Iosif Schubert and Anton Durcovici. Also, there are recalled priests and laypeople; the author thanks to all these persons who offered a material and spiritual help to the Catholic communities, even from exile. Finally, the author congratulates the organizers of this Symposium, underlining the value of the sacrifice of the martyrs from the communist epoch in our memory.

† Zelimir Puljic
Alois Card. Stepinac – un erou exemplar din rândul mulţilor Păstori eroi
In this article Želimir Puljić, bishop of Dubrovnik, presents the figure of the Croat martyr Alojzije Stepinac. There are pointed out some biographical data of the Croat Cardinal and then is exposed the activity of the martyr in the period of the Nazis and Fascist occupation. The bishop Puljić continues with the presentation of the attitude of Stepinac concerning the communist power, established after the Second World War. The guiding principle of the Croat martyr was „frangar non flectar”. The pastoral work of the cardinal Stepinac and, also, of his priests, according to the cardinal’ words, have been carried on into a „bloodbath”. Besides the letter of the Croat bishops against the crimes of the communist, the author of this article exposes shortly also the process of the Cardinal Stepinac from 1946. The article ends with the words of the Pope John Pope II, uttered in the day of the beatification of Stepinac, on 3 October 1998. „The person of the blessed Alojzije Stepinac”, writes Msgr. Želimir Puljić, „represents for all of us a reference point and we have to look at him in order to take a guide and to sustain ourselves”.

† Petru Gherghel
Familia creştină, bastion al rezistenţei în faţa dictaturii şi a ateismului
Starting with the biblical roots of family, the Book of Genesis and the words of Jesus Christ, and also the teaching of saint Paul about the mystery of matrimony, Msgr. Petru Gherghel desires to remind some truths which represent the basis of the Christian life and which were a guiding point during the resistance against the attacks of ideologies opposite to the divine will. Being a sanctuary of love, the family knew very well to oppose resistance against the „red invasion” and the terrible communist dictatorship. Unfortunately, after 1989, for the Christian family began a new Calvary caused by the attack of many difficulties. Because of many social, spiritual, economical and political problems today is overlooked the care for the family’s unity and for the indissolubility of matrimony; that is why is so necessary to rediscover the true values of the family and to re-establish the family, because the future of the world depends on the true Christian families.

† Anton Coşa
Rezistenţa catolicilor în timpul persecuţiei bolşevicilor în actuala Republică Moldova
The bishop of Kishinev, Msgr. Anton Coşa, speaks about the „forget land… on the others side of Prut”, which, as the others regions from de Eastern Europe, suffered a lot because of communism. The author exposes the situation of Catholic Church from the Moldavian RSS in the interwar period and from the Moldavian RSS, in the years 1940-1941, when Bessarabia was firstly occupied by the soviet troops, and after the year 1944, when Bessarabia was annexed again to the Soviet Union. Besides the general presentation of the Catholicism from the two regions of the actual Moldavian Republic (Transnistria and Bessarabia), the bishop Anton Coşa makes an analysis of the Catholic parishes from the region, for example Kishinev, Tighina, Râbniţa and so on. And, due to the fact that history is made by people, there are not forgot the priests who worked in these periods in Bessarabia, for example Ioan Hondru, Nicolae Şciurek, Bronislav Hodanenok, Vladislav Zavalniuc „whose faith testimony cannot be forget by the Catholic Church in Moldavian Republic”.

Stefano Monolov
Martiriul catolicilor din Bulgaria în timpul socialismului
Msgr. Stefano Monolov presents the martyrdom of Catholic people in Bulgaria during the socialist regime. Firstly, the author exposes shortly the beginning time of communist persecution against the Christians in URSS, and then in others countries of Eastern Europe. The first victims of the communist terror in Bulgaria were Orthodox and Protestants people, the persecution against Catholic Church starting just in 1949. Besides the negative attitude of the Bulgarian communist authorities concerning Vatican, the author presents also the new situation of Catholic people of Bulgaria, especially the imprisonments of bishops and priests. In this study, Msgr. Monolov presents the destiny of Bishop Eugen Bossilkov and of the priests Kamen Vičev, Pavel Džidžov and Iosafat Šiškov, whose assassination was discovered after the fall of the Berlin Wall; they were beatified by Pope John Paul II on 22 May 2002. These Bulgarian martyrs and many others people are witness of the Gospel, a Gospel which is every time a choice of life, not of death.

Tadeusz Rostworowski
De la Wyszyński la Ioan Paul al II-lea, drumul spre libertate. Primatul cardinal Ştefan Wyszyński
The Catholic Church in Poland during the time of communist regime owes a lot to the activity of Cardinal Stefan Wyszynski. In the first audience addressed to the Pollens after his appointment as Pope, John Paul the II highlighted the qualities of Wyszynski, underlining his big contribution to the formation of the future Pope. Starting with these considerations, Fr. Tadeusz presents in his article a reflection on the theological dimension of Cardinal Wyszynski’s life, manifested by his faith in defending human and civil rights of the Christians. The visible sign of his patrimony is his Episcopal motto: Soli Deo per Mariam. After exposing the Cardinal Wyszynski’s life, the author describes the meaning of John Paul II’s pontificate, his fight against the communist regime in Poland. Finally, there is underlined the necessity to open the human heart and mind before the light of the Christ.

Juraj Batelja
Fericitul Alojzije Stepinac, martir al unităţii Bisericii
In this article, Msgr. Juraj Batelja speaks about the life of the former Bishop of Zagreb, the Blessed Alojzije Stepinac (1898-1960), as martyr of Christ during the time of communist dictatorship. His strong and courageous position, his stimulus for the perseverance of the laypeople and of the priests in the loyalty for the Catholic Church, attracted the contempt of the communists; that is why he was imprisoned and died in prison as a martyr of Jesus Christ. His last words were: Fiat voluntas tua. Underlining these aspects and the persecution suffered by the Church in Croatia, the author desires to highlight the Catholic Church’s destiny of his Mother Land, which is similar to the one of both the Roman-Catholic and the Greek Catholic Church in Romania.

Stanislav Balik
Biserica Catolică din Cehia în timpul comunismului
The author explains in his article the situation of the Catholic Church in Czech Republic during the time of communist regime. The historical data of this article places the communist regime in Czech Republic among the most atheist and most persecuting regimes. Exemplifying with statistics, Prof. Stanislav Balik argues the extermination of the Church in Czech Republic with the persecutions against the priests, bishops and monks. The big number of martyrs shows the fighting character of the Church. Besides these aspects, the author underlines a negative aspect: the collaborationism. Up to the decree of the Pope John Paul the II-nd „Quidam episcopi” (1983), which banned the priests to be part of the political organizations, many priests were placed on the list of these organizations in order to receive various advantages. After 1983, even if many priest followed the direction of the Pope, some of them remained members of these organizations till 1989. Finally, the author relates about the fall of the communist regime in Czech Republic. This fall began in Vatican, with the canonization of the Czech princess Anežka of Bohemia, which took place five days before the Velvet revolution; in fact, an old legend says that when this princess shall be canonized, there would be started the favorable times in Czech land.

Iosif Svidnitskyi
Mărturia Bisericii Catolice din Ucraina în timpul prigoanei comuniste
The communist period represented a time of persecution also for the Catholic Church which was living in the territory of the present Ukraine. The main reason of this persecution was the misunderstanding of the politic of Vatican by the communist authorities and its clumsy interpretation made by Stalin. In the first part of this article, the author speaks about some premises of the persecution against the Church in Ukraine, and then there is described the development of this kind of persecution. In the last part of the article, there are mentioned some martyrs and it is underlined the importance of their death for the Church’s life. Their sacrifice, says the author, will be not forgot, because the Church survived after the bloody persecutions enacted by the communist regime and, thanks to the blood of the martyrs, it was strengthened to face with reaffirmed vigor the challenges of the XXI century.

Gabor Harmai
Catolicii maghiari şi fidelitatea faţă de valorile spirituale în timpul regimului comunist  
At the beginning of his article, Prof. Gabor Harmai speaks about the general situation of Hungary during the communist period and then exposed the „last data” of the violence against the Church: the last process with the condemnation of the Church people which took place in 1961. The three guiding principles of the Christians concerning the communist persecutions were: Παρρησία, the courage to come closer, Πεποίθησις, the perfect confidence, Πίστις, the faith in God. The central figure of this article is the Cardinal Mindszenty; there is also presented the anticommunist resistance of other Hungarian Catholic people, for example the auxiliary bishop of Estergom, Zoltan Meszlény, Mons. Bulányi, Mons. Jósef Rédei. There were not forgot the attempts of the communist authorities to create a Hungarian national Church.

Josef Makarczyk
Ioan Paul al II-lea şi Biserica Catolică din Bielorusia
The Church during the pontificate of the Pope John Paul II lived such a power that the world of the politic never revealed. The pilgrim Pope, fortified by the strength of his faith, contributed to the fall of communist systems. In this article, the author tries to underline the merits of John Paul II concerning the restoration of the Church in Belarus. After the presentation of some statistics concerning the number of parishes, laypeople and priests, the article focused on the Pope’s acts whose aim was the religious rebirth of Belarus. The today Church in Belarus is on the way of the self confidence and of the forming of its own tradition, based on the precursors’ legacy.

Dialog Teologic XII/23 (2009)

Dialog Teologic XII/23 (2009)
Conferințele Institutului Teologic Romano-Catolic din Iași (II), 232 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 23.

Wilhelm Dancă
Educaţia ca armonie între credinţă şi cultură, astăzi

Faith and reason are the two wings that raise man to know God. Extrapolating this motto of the Church Magisterium, Wilhelm Danca presents in the “Editorial” of our theological review its direct implications in the field of the culture and of the education in the Catholic school. After a succinct exposition of the statistics concerning the nowadays situation of the Catholic schools from Europe and Romania, the author presents the “lights and darkness” that can be discerned behind these numbers suggesting then the fundamental characteristics which make up or devolve from the identity of “Catholic school”. Thus, replying to the exigencies of the integral humanism, the Catholic school and, especially, the educating community have to be centred on the human person, whom they have to offer real wisdom and life vision, without making social or economical discrimination. Finally, the author expresses his conviction that the achievement of these exigencies depends on the bishop of the place who looks after the members of the teachers’ community.

Iosif Enăşoae
Suferinţa umană în lumina învăţăturii Papei Ioan Paul al II-lea
The existential reality of the human suffering arouses a continuous and a dramatically question: “why?” which traverses the millenary itinerary of the human history. Pope John Paul the II-nd, in the Apostolic letter Salvifici doloris, tries to give a satisfying answer to this tormenting question, still removing the centre of the problem from “why?” to “what for?”. The article of Iosif Enăşoae aims to expose this teaching of Pope John Paul the II-nd about the human suffering, keeping a methodology of approaching from a general viewpoint to a specific one: the human suffering – existential reality, suffering – an obvious, universal and deeply human reality; in front of this panorama of paint the Lord was not unresponsive. Thanks his saving passions and his glorious resurrection, the human suffering can represent now the bridge between “human weakness” and “God’s power”. This duality in unity explains the mysterious sense of suffering which dwells on the mystery of the Christ who has lightened the enigma of suffering and of dyeing.

Alois Hîrja
„Religia” în şcoală: o perspectivă hermeneutică
The possibility of studying religion in the state schools is a victory of the freedom will and of the revolution against communism, but also represents a presence required by the educational process itself. But, because today, at 20 years after this revolution, the religion’s presence in schools has caused many harsh critics and hostilities, Alois Hîrja, using the data of “the new hermeneutics”, especially the one of H.G. Gadamer, plans in this article to underline the irreplaceable role of religion in the curriculum of the Romanian schools. In this research, the author exposes the arguments which justify this presence, the identity of “religion” as subject in school and its role in pupil’s human maturation. All these aspects are presented in a hermeneutical viewpoint, considering also the exigencies of the integral humanism which has in centre the anthropological aspect more than the epistemological one: non scholae sed vitae discimus.

Iosif Iacob
Credinţa în sacramentul Căsătoriei
The union between man and woman through the relation of marriage is deeply rooted in the event of creation and received its sacred dimension from the union between Christ and Church. But, because today this sacred religious dimension of marriage is often ignored or denied, Iosif Iosub intends to present Church’s teaching about the sacrament of marriage and the canonical determinations which devolve from this teaching. In this theological-canonical research, the author considers thoroughly the theology of the documents of The Second Ecumenical Sacred Council of the Vatican, of the document of the International Theological Commission on this subject, promulgated in 1977, the theology of the Apostolic Letter Familiaris consortio of John Paul the II-nd, and indicates then the implication of this theology in Church’s legislation from The Code of Canon Law (1983). In the conclusion of these considerations, the author affirms the fundamental role of faith in the preparation for marriage of young people and in their life together as husband and wife.

Roca Felix
Pastoraţia tinerilor şi orientarea vocaţională
We live in a period when, at the ecclesiastic level, there is very obvious the attention paid on young people and on their vocational orientation. Joining this favourable context, the article of Felix Roca exposes briefly the documents of Church’s Magisterium which considered the youth’s vocational orientation, and – following the example promoted by these documents – underlines in the same time that young people have to be considered in the light of hope and of future, as resources, not as problems. Just sustaining this viewpoint we can realize a good priestly work which can save the young people from the mirage of the contemporary temptations.

Pr. Dr. Ştefan Lupu
Chiesa, Sposa e Madre. Ecclesiologia di Henri de Lubac nelle opere Cattolicismo. Aspetti sociali del dogma e Meditazione sulla Chiesa.(II)
This article completes the considerations made by Stefan Lupu on Henri de Lubac’s ecclesiology from his fundamental studies Catholicism. Social aspects of dogma and Meditation on Church, in the previous number of our review, Theological Dialogue.
Continuing these ideas, the author presents the vision of the French theologian on the relation that Church has to establish with our word. In this step, the Church is regarded as “Mother of unity and of life”, because it is the communion’s sacrament between people and God, and the Mediator of the divine life. In the second part, the author directs our attention to the finality of the Church and to its relation with God’s Kingdom and, finally, presents the model of the Holly Virgin Mary as icon and figure of the maternity and sponsality of the Church. This theology has a great influence on the contemporary theology, thanks its recognition through the Second Council of Vatican and its answers and position in front of nowadays challenges.

Eduard Soare
L’analisi testuale ed estetico-modale delle antifone „hodie” dell’Ufficio Divino
The last part of this study proposes the analysis of the repertory of antiphons hodie. Textual forms are analyzed here with their variations in different liturgical traditions and forms. In the end are offered some melodic refunds made following the manuscripts, with the analysis of the sources. The study demonstrates the paleographical importance of oral tradition and attempts to set the vocal performance on the parchment, the evolution of Gregorian writing and the need to understand and transcribe the Gregorian Chant notation from the manuscripts. A comparative study of the antiphons and their esthetic and modal analysis concludes this work centered on a repertoire that belongs to the great events of the liturgical year.

Ştefan Lupu
Discuţia modernă despre conceptul de persoană în Dumnezeu
The article presents the modern discussion about the concept of person in God. It starts showing some alternative propositions for the concept of person, presenting the opinions of Karl Barth and Karl Rahner about this problem. The second part of the article presents the social model of the Trinity, the fact that the three persons in God can realize each other trough their reciprocal love. This part is centered on the thinking of J. Moltmann, who in one of his books build his theology of Trinity on the communion of persons. The third point presents the self awareness of the holy persons. This point begins with the thinking of B. Lonergan who spoke about the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit like three subjects who have their own awareness, but also the awareness of the others who report on.

Dialog Teologic XI/22 (2008)

Dialog Teologic XI/22 (2008)
Conferințele Institutului Teologic Romano-Catolic din Iași (I), 274 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 22.

Mons. Ioan Robu
Educaţia catolică, astăzi

The contemporary society is confronting with a crisis of education caused by the collapse of the totalitarian systems and by the complex phenomenon of postmodernism. The article of Msgr. Ioan Robu starts by presenting this crisis situation of education in the Catholic schools from Europe, sketching then their common problems: the relativist and the agnostic mentality and the encroachments or the influences of the political and economical systems in the schools’ life. However this adverse context should not determine the Catholic school to abandon its specific calling and its human, cultural and religious finalities. Therefore, in the conclusion of this study, the author suggests the concrete forms of acting which devolve from the identity of “Catholic school” both in the ecclesial field and in the social one.

Eduard Patraşcu
Profetul Ilie pe Muntele Horeb
Prophetic inspiration represents an essential column of the Ancient Testament, and the prophet Elias is an important figure of this biblical movement. On this personality of the sacred history stops the article of Eduard Patraşcu. Through the exegetical exposing of 19th chapter of The first Book of the Kings, the article tries to bring into bold relief the central aspects of the religious experience made by the prophet Elias in the calm breath of the wind (2Kings 19, 13), in the sacred silence of the cave of the Mount Horeb. The conclusion of this biblical exegetical study is that the whole spirituality of meeting God requires the sacred silence in which people are aware of their essential dependence on God.

Bogdan Herciu
Principii pentru o antropologie politică în „De civitate Dei” a sfântului Augustin
Even if there are 20 years from the ruin of the communist regime in Romania, still today the politicians and the intellectuals are looking for solutions in order to annihilate the results of the spiritual and material chaos caused by the dictatorial regime. The study of Bogdan Herciu aims to offer a satisfying solution for solving this acute problem by presenting the political and the anthropological thinking of the saint Bishop from Hippona. That is why, after exposing the reasons of choosing Saint Augustine’s thinking, the author underlines the most important categories of the Augustinian philosophy and theology and verifies their consistence by confronting them with the concrete historical situation. This grandiose vision of saint Augustine, which along history modeled consciences and institutions by reporting them to the superior social system founded on the evangelical command of charity, represents even today a truthful solution for the political and the anthropological problem of nowadays society.

Fabian Doboş
Contribuţia Episcopului Dominic Jaquet (1895-1903) la dezvoltarea culturii în Dieceza de Iaşi
At the beginning of its existence, the Diocese of Iaşi was led by alien Bishops who perceived the spiritual and the material problems of the new Diocese and contributed in many ways to solve them. One of the greatest Bishops who worked in Moldavia was the Franciscan Swiss Dominic Jaquet (1843-1931). After presenting the main steps of his historical research, the author of this study exposes briefly the biography of this brave Bishop, underlining the central aspects of his formative curriculum. Then Fabian Doboş illustrates the activity as Bishop of Dominic Jaquet and his pastoral and cultural accomplishments; finally the author bring into bold relief the role of the Bishop Dominic Jaquet in promoting the cultural life in the Diocese of Iaşi, especially his contribution in building and supporting the Institute Cipariu.

Elena Bortă
Fantasticul şi sacrul în proza lui M. Eliade
The scientifically and the literary thinking of Mircea Eliade represents a deep and an ample universe whose knowledge requires the help of some guides able to lead us to the essential aspects of his writings. The study of Elena Bortă just aims to guide us in this vast universe of Mircea Eliade by exposing and explaining the main notions from the books of the great historian of religions: coincidentia oppositorum, theatrum mundi, mythology of memory and of oblivion. Keeping the methodology of the great scientist, the author of this article demonstrates the influence of these notions in the writings of the universal literature, in the texts of the Asian cultures and religions, and in the evolution of the characters from the novels of Mircea Eliade. For the contemporary people, these scientific notions do not represent tedious abstractions because they theorize the essential aspects of the human reality in its concretization and continuity along the centuries.

Mihăiţă Blaj
„Credinţă slabă” sau credinţă pentru zilele noastre? Scurtă incursiune în perspectiva religioasă a lui Gianni Vattimo
The religious vision of Gianni Vattimo influenced very much the philosophical and the cultural agora of the last decades, arousing passionate discussions in the Western countries. This debate is not well known in Romania; that is why the author of this article plans to analyze the philosophical-existential proposal on faith of Gianni Vattimo, by presenting a short interpretation of the logic development of his ideas, a critical evaluation and some points which seem to be prolific for the theological thinking. In his research, Mihăiţă Blaj exposes the theory of Gianni Vattimo about “the friendly Christendom” which requires as preambula fidei a “weak ontology”, and finally, from the viewpoint of the fundamental theology, makes a critical evaluation of these ideas which influenced deeply the forma fidei of the Western contemporary culture.

Daniel Iacobuţ
Osmoza dintre Biserică şi Euharistie în ecleziologia lui Jean Marie Roger Tillard
Starting with the Second Council of Vatican, the theologians defined Church using new notions: communion, God’s assembly, the Eucharist assembly. The Canadian theologian Jean Marie Roger Tillard, one of the greatest of the theology of communion, developing the ecclesiology of the Second Council of Vatican, created a theology about the local Church in which he brings into bold relief the relation between ecclesiology and liturgy, starting from the strong relationship between Church and Eucharist. The article of Daniel Iacobuţ aims to present just this theology of communion, mentioning firstly its source – the Holy Trinity, in order to infer then the implications of this theological fact in the life and in the sacramental activity of the Church, especially in celebrating the Eucharist, icon of the communion in the Church. Because “Eucharist is building the Church”, at the end of this article, D. Iacobuţ recommends us to make a renewal of the liturgical spirituality and a profound study on the importance and the meaning of the Eucharist celebration.

Petru Dorcu
Decizia asupra morţii la Karl Rahner şi Ladislau Boroş
Death represents the inexorable end of every human being. But people who die are aware of their death; that is why they prepare themselves for this obligatory limit. The article of Petru Dorcu stops on this subject and presents in concise and comparative terms the vision of Karl Rahner on death and the one of his disciple, Ladislau Boroş. After the briefly description of the anthropological and theological dimensions of the death in the theology of Karl Rahner, the author offers different aspects of the method necessary for an adequate analysis of death from the point of view of the theology of Ladislau Boroş. Also, he focuses the analysis on different philosophical notions which represent the basis of the theology of death in the Hungarian theologian. Finally, the author compares critically these two viewpoints, bringing into bold relief their role in understanding the phenomena of death and of life, especially in their active and responsible dimension.

Pr. Dr. Ştefan Lupu
Chiesa, Sposa e Madre. Ecclesiologia di Henri de Lubac nelle opere Cattolicismo. Aspetti sociali del dogma e Meditazione sulla Chiesa. (I)
At the beginning of the XX-th century, in the Catholic Church appeared and devolved a very important movement of theological and spiritual renewal, which prepared the “spring” of the Second Council of Vatican. The article of Stefan Lupu proposes in a synthetically form the ecclesiology from Catholicism. Social aspects of dogma and Meditation on the Church, fundamental books which synthesize the ecclesiological thinking of Henri de Lubac. The first part of this article has an introductory nature, framing these books in the context they appeared and presenting the existential question which they met and answered. Then, the author exposes briefly the vision of this French theologian on the Trinitarian origin of the Church and on its place in the history of redemption. This ecclesiology had and has a great influence on the contemporary theology, because, being anchored in the Tradition, tries to give an original answer the questions of nowadays word.

Eduard Soare
Le antifone nella liturgia della Chiesa. Le antifone „hodie” dell’Ufficio
In the history, the prayer of the Church had different expressions and its development carefully considered the sung form. The antiphons were used in the Mass and in the Divine Office which means that this form of prayer has become an important liturgical function over time. This study explores a small group of antiphons: the “hodie antiphons”. The author wants to bring together all the antiphons of the Divine Office which begin with this word hodie (= today) and to delimit a repertoire quite original in terms of melodic and textual composition. The first part of this work offers a historical analysis of the concept of antiphon, the history and evolution of this concept and its use in the celebrations. The central part contains the analysis of the word hodie and the analysis of the manuscripts used in the preparing of the edition of Corpus Antiphonalium Officii, edited by the Benedictines of Solesmes (France).

Ştefan Lupu
„Supranaturalul” în dezbaterea teologică recentă
In this article, the author analyses the matter of “supernatural” in the recent theological debate. Starting from the New Testament, and through the teaching of the Holy Fathers of the Church, and the medieval authors like Anselm of Canterbury, Toma of Aquino and Gaetan, analyzing the conception of supernatural of the authors from the modern time like Baius or Robert Belarmin, and in the time of the neo-scholastic, the author concludes with the recent attempts of explaining the supernatural in the contemporary catholic theology. There are presented the ideas which refer to this subject in the writings of the great theologians of the XXth century like Karl Rahner, Juan Alfaro and Henri de Lubac.

Dialog Teologic XI/21 (2008)

Dialog Teologic XI/21 (2008)
Omul, viața și piața. Elemente de doctrină socială a Bisericii, 250 p., 17×24, 9 RON.

Cumpără online de la Libraria Sapientia
Vizualizează online Dialog 21.

Wilhelm Dancă
Pentru promovarea valorilor etice şi spirituale în activităţile economice
The Roman-Catholic Institute „Saint Joseph” of Iaşi and the Confederation Caritas Romania organized in 16 and 17 April 2008 a symposium with the theme „Humans and the market”, whose aim was to indicate the way of announcing the Gospel in the economical area from our country. In this Editorial, Wilhelm Dancă, after illustrating the context and the opportunity of this cultural event, summarizes the main ideas which were often underlined both during the conferences and in the horizon of the questions addressed by the participants. These essential ideas are: the role of the lay Christians in applying the Gospel’s principles in society, the necessity of the profound reforms in the field of the institutions and of the economical practices, the relation between ethics and economical activities. At the end of this article, Wilhelm Dancă reminds the name of the authors who contributed to this number 21 of the review Dialog Teologic, where are included other three articles about the Pope Paul VI’ legacy regarding the doctrine of the letter encyclical Humanae vitae.COMUNICĂRI Card. Raffaele Renato Martino
Compendiul de Doctrină Socială a Bisericii
In October 2004, the Pontifical Council Justitia et pax published the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church. This document sketches in an unitary framework and in a synthetically way the Social teaching of the Church which is the result of the magisterial reflection and of the permanent involvement of the Church in defending the principles of the Gospel. In this study the author exposes briefly why it was necessary this document, the questions and the challenges addressed to the theologians who wrote it, the principles which uphold the doctrine we read in it: person’s pre-eminence and dignity, the principles of common good, solidarity and subsidiarity. In the conclusion, the author expresses his conviction that the social doctrine is unbreakably united with charity which God manifested toward the people and which we imitate in the reciprocal relations. This teaching does not represent an abstraction, but a principle which tries also today to create a civilization of love.

Bartolomeo Sorge, SJ
Dimensiunea etică în economia contemporană potrivit magisteriului social
Along the centuries, mankind has passed through many crises that it has surpassed, but which have marked its identity. Today mankind is registering a period characterized by the economical, moral or axiological depression. In this article, Bartolomeo Sorge is tackling this topical theme, embracing Church’s specific method: to see – to consider – to act. In the first part of this approach, the author exposes the phenomenology of the nowadays economical slump, which has global repercussions. We are present today at a structural slump, which is different from the random one, because it changes culture, values and institutions. Quid agendum? The author proposes two solutions: the industrial units reform and the social state’s reform. Even if in the study there are marked some negative aspects, its message transmits an impulse of hope, because behind the new challenges the author infers occasions of making progress.

Mons. Ioan Robu
Salariul just şi condiţiile de unitate ale familiei în doctrina socială a Bisericii

„The just wage” has occupied very important place in the social Magisterium of the Church. The social sciences and especially the economical ones have dealt in great detail with this notion. In this article, Msgr. Ioan Robu exposes the inherent implications of the just wage’s notion as it results from the social doctrine from the encyclical letters of Popes, starting with Rerum novarum (1891) of the Pope Leo XIII. The main principles of the social doctrine concerning the just wage are: work is „personal” because it is human and useful to the human person, and remuneration received for it is the legitimate, proportional and inalienable fruit of work. In the context of nowadays lack of poise, which marks the global market, these principles of the moral social theology represent operative solutions which defend the dignity of the human person, but which can be applied in the international economy.

Wilhelm Dancă
Omul şi economia de piaţă astăzi

There is a strong relation between the human phenomenon and the economical systems, because these systems aim, even if it’s succeeded just partly, to serve the human being and to be measured by the human dignity. Starting from this inner deficiency of every economical system, the author of this study pleads for the permanent humanization of the business activities, presenting some principles of the social doctrine of the Church with regard to the economical sphere. Also, the study underlines the complex situation of the market in Romania and it offers as solution of the clarifying the grey framework of the economy these two ways: to create the human conditions of the development in the light of the Magisterium of the Church and to follow the brilliant example of the Canadian Robert Ouimet which combines ethics and profit in developing industrial unit. Finally, the author expresses his hope in a new Christian humanism which can configure a business world founded both on development and welfare, and on solidarity, charity and culture.

Petre Semen
Protejarea claselor defavorizate. Grija faţă de bătrâni

The respect and the care of own parents are stipulated by the Fourth Commandment of God. But this aspect belongs to the system which gave a special attention to all persons, to the system in which being old man did not represent a depreciatory connotation, but it was the expression of the distinctive venerability. About these aspects treats the author of this study, who wishes to expose which was the vision about the care of this social category in the Israelite society and which is the biblical thinking about the respect toward parents. The first part exposes the family and the political tasks of the old persons and the duties of the young people who respected their parents thanks to the respect for God. Jesus did not abolish these stipulations, but perfected them. Today, when the differences between generations seem to become a real opposition, the Holly Scriptures remind us about God’s favourite presence in parents and in the poor people.

Iosefina Cristina Loghin
Bogat în Uniunea Europeană şi sărac în România?

On the 1-st January 2007, thanks to its progress on the social and the economical sphere, Romania entered the European Union. In spite of this adhering de iure, in the concrete reality it can be noticed obvious discrepancies between the Romanian economical system and the one of the other European states. The study of Cristina Loghin aims to present the situation of poverty or wealth of some categories of age from Romania. The first analyzed category is the area of old persons who become more numerous and need special care. Then the author illustrates the situation of the employed persons and of the children who live in towns or in villages. Against the unfairness which affects these social categories, it is necessary to apply the Christian principles of justice and charity, which are useful even today in order to build a better world.

Giani Manzone
Expansiunea pieţei şi monetarizarea vieţii

In Europe and in the world market is not anymore a marginal institution, but became a central aspect of the contemporary society. The study of Msgr. Giani Manzone tries to illustrate that this development of marketing has limits. Market can bring flowering, the social and the democratic development, but can represent a danger when it consider the human history only in the angle of utility. The objective critic that the author brings to the mercantile civilization has not a polemical purpose, but aims to prepare the elaboration of a new political project in conformity with the exigencies of the human dignity.

Ursula Nothelle-Wildfeuer / Gerhard Steger
Mesajul social papal şi raportul său cu economia de piaţă de la „Rerum novarum” la „Deus caritas est”
Starting with Rerum novarum, in the papal social Magisterium we find declarations about the main pre-requisites of liberalism and of the market economy. These interventions are the expressions of its care of the people’s redemption. About these aspects speak the authors of this study, which starts by presenting the evolution of Church’s involvement in the area of the social thought through the papal letters. In these documents are concrete points of contact with the principles of market economy: private property, freedom in contracting and the fair competition. The article finishes by affirming Church’s duty of rousing the spiritual forces of justice and charity, even today, in the context of the global changes.

Ioan Vicovan
Lucrarea slujitoare a Bisericii. Modele şi repere ale filantropiei Bisericii Ortodoxe Române în trecut şi astăzi
Diakonia and philanthropy represent two specific features of the primary Church and of the Church during the centuries. Today, when the materialist outlook influences the people to gather more money and properties, the study of Ioan Vicovan proposes to discover the theology of the Holly Fathers of the Church. That is why in his article the author presents both their teaching concerning charity and the concrete their working which stresses their testimony: hospitality, alms, donations and the hospitals. Finally the author identifies the institution of philanthropy from the past and from the present time of the Romanian Orthodox Church, which tried and is trying to celebrate in this way the „Mass after the Mass” for the poor people.

Antoine Sondag
Statul, piaţa şi al treilea sector. Perspective asupra darului şi a gratuităţii

In the market economy, founded on the principle of the maximum profit and of the direct competition it is difficult to apply the doctrine of gratuitousness, which in the economical sphere, is an unjustified loss. And yet, Antoine Sondag says that people, except the material needs, which economy can satisfy, has also relational and spiritual needs. That is why economy has to accept that it is limited. Through gifts there are created relationships and through gratuitousness can be built a society; economy can not create society but requires it. Only by extending this sector of gift and of gratuitousness, Christians can promote the equilibrium in society and in market.

Egidiu Condac
Necesităţile locale şi politicile globale

A very important principle of the Church’s social doctrine is subsidiarity; this principle regulates the relation between inferior and superior, between global and local. In the context of globalization respecting this principle is an acute necessity. About this reality speaks Egidiu Condac in his article, which starts by presenting the old anticipations of globalization in Church’s feature of universality. In parallel of this „confessional” globalization, the contemporary society promotes an economical one, which influences people, families and culture. This process often ignores the local needs of states, causing the appearance of an opposition between globalization and localism. In order to surpass this detrimental situation, at the end of this article the author proposes some solutions: the strategies which defend the common good, the knowledge of the local necessities, the communications between global and local.

Anton Carpinschi
Ar fi posibilă o economie cu „faţă umană” în era globalizării?

At the beginning, globalization was an economical process, but gradually it has influenced society and culture. This process develops an impersonal way and causes the crushing of communities’ identity. That is why it appeared the question if globalization can present „a human face”. The article of Anton Carpinschi starts by illustrating the conditions which accomplish this desideratum: the equal repartition of benefits, the non-monopolization of market. Understanding these principles requires the reference to transcendence, to an absolute reference system. But in order to obtain this ontological-theological reference for an economy with „a human face” it is necessary a politics with „a human face”, which promotes a theocentric humanism.

Joachim Wiemeyer
Provocările etice ale globalizării
Globalization has caused the intensification of goods and services exchange, the frequent emigrations and the appearance of the global mobile cash. These great changes bring both hopes and fears because this process seems to be a colossus which can not be stopped. The article of Joachim Wiemeyer comes up against these fears and exposes the dimensions of the social justice which can model globalisation: participation, performance, chances equality, finances, justice in the relations between different generations and the justice of the necessities. Moreover, Joachim Wiemeyer says that globalisation presents potential advantages which can be made topical by establishing a global system of governance which is able to apply the implications of subsidiarity.

Lucian Farcaş
Educaţia socială şi formarea integrală a creştinului
In the second part of the 20th century, when Europe and the whole world tried to heal their wounds of the Second World War, the Catholic Church reaffirmed the importance of the social conscience education and of the integral formation. Lucian Farcaş, in his article, presents and analyses the magisterial teaching from the post-war period, when Church underlined the necessity of knowing, assimilating and applying the social doctrine of the Church, because this teaching could offer true solutions to people’s problems. These stipulations are present today in the Compendium of the Social Doctrine of the Church which specifies the framework of the formation of the lay persons, of candidates to priesthood and of the priests. These imperatives have to be considered within the pedagogic itineraries that can apply the Christian faith in temporary realities.

Mons. Aurel Percă
Actualitatea enciclicei „Humanae vitae”

40 years ago the pope Paul VI promulgated the encyclical letter Humanae vitae. This document, which aroused contemptuous reactions, is valid also today thanks its profound rational and human root. Msgr. Aurel Percă, in this study, illustrates the topical interests of the problems presented in Humanae vitae. After presenting the genesis and the complete doctrine of the encyclical letter, the author brings into bold relief the prophetical service of this document which becomes obvious in affirming the moral principles even if it arouses open resistance. This magisterial intervention is not singular, but represents the expression of the care and of attention of the Church of defending human dignity and rights.

Robert Lazu
„Humanae vitae” şi criza vieţii morale în epoca modernă
On the 25th July 1968 the pope Paul VI published Humanae vitae which caused explosive reaction both outside and inside the Church. Robert Lazu makes a survey of the acceptance and of the resistance aroused by this document, indicating the main moral principles we found in it and the social-cultural context which required such a document. In a personal manner, the author illustrates the great challenge of the matrimonial life proposed by Humanae vitae and the necessity of catechizations, whose propose is to transmit to the Christians these important data about the sexual life in family.

Isidor Chinez
Familia în slujirea vieţii. Paternitate responsabilă în „Humanae vitae”
At the beginning of 1960s in Europe unleashed the sexual revolution, whose ideology reduced family to a human association with immanent purpose. The article of Isidor Chinez presents the dangers that attacked family’s integrity and the morality of the relations between spouses. Humanae vitae, in continuity with the Second Council of Vatican, proposes an integral vision of the human beings, marking the double value of the married relation, the responsible paternity, and the necessity of self controlling and the importance of respecting the moral laws. These norms receive their true sense when we consider its from the point of view of the married love which turns the spouses into God’s co-worker.