South America is one of the poorest continents on the globe. Having a population of 500 million inhabitants this area confronts with severe social problems such as drugs dealing, dictators, civil wars, guerilla fights, nutrition diseases, etc. In this article it is showed, that in spite of some contradictory aspects, the Catholic Church is very well represented because most of the population is Catholic. The reality of the South America is very tough but the Church has in this area a very efficacious missionary activity and the calls to the apostolate life are numerous. This continent that is very much alive and diversified in its mentality, culture or adaptation to the requirements of the contemporary life represents an interest and hope ambit for the Church.